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Unlocking the BrainVolume 2: Consciousness$
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Georg Northoff

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199826995

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.001.0001

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Unity and Subjectivity in Schizophrenia

Unity and Subjectivity in Schizophrenia

(p.229) Chapter 22 Unity and Subjectivity in Schizophrenia
Unlocking the Brain

Georg Northoff

Oxford University Press

Based on neurodevelopmental evidence, the book postulates biopsychosocial trauma in early infancy and social isolation to be central. One may postulate abnormal statistically based spatiotemporal configuration in the environment–brain unity and consequently in the brain’s resting state in schizophrenia. This, in turn, leads to abnormal, phenomenally based subjectivity in these patients, as is manifested in their bizarre symptoms, like auditory hallucinations, paranoid delusions, thought disorders, and ego disturbances. Hence, the example of schizophrenia lends empirical and phenomenal support, albeit indirectly, to my neurophenomenal hypothesis of the close relationship between environment–brain unity and subjectivity.

Keywords:   schizophrenia, environment–brain unity, low-frequency fluctuations, encoding hypothesis, difference-based coding hypothesis, social deafferentiation, early trauma

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