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Unlocking the BrainVolume 1: Coding$
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Georg Northoff

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199826988

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826988.001.0001

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Rest–Stimulus Interaction and Difference-Based Coding

Rest–Stimulus Interaction and Difference-Based Coding

Chapter:
(p.230) Chapter 11 Rest–Stimulus Interaction and Difference-Based Coding
Source:
Unlocking the Brain
Author(s):

Georg Northoff

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826988.003.0011

Based on their actual state, the resting state’s spatial and functional features, e.g., functional connectivity and low-frequency fluctuations, may provide a “spatiotemporal window of opportunity” for subsequent rest–stimulus interaction. The degree of the resting state’s “spatiotemporal window of opportunity” may then determine the degree of difference-based coding (and its balance with the degree of stimulus-based coding) that the resting state can apply to its own processing of the extrinsic stimulus during rest–stimulus interaction. This means that the resting state’s activity level predisposes not only the degree of difference-based coding, but also the degree of stimulus-induced activity and its associated behavioral and phenomenal effects.

Keywords:   non-linearity, rest–stimulus interaction, difference-based coding, stimulus–rest interaction, biophysical-computational limits, spatiotemporal window of opportunity

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