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Digital CitiesThe Internet and the Geography of Opportunity$

Karen Mossberger, Caroline J. Tolbert, and William Franko

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199812936

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812936.001.0001

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(p.295) Appendix B

(p.295) Appendix B

Source:
Digital Cities
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Survey Questions and Variable Coding

(p.296) Source: 2009 CPS

Variable Name

Description

Coding

Source Variable/Question Wording

No High-Speed Reason: Don’t Need It, Not Interested

The main reason for not having high-speed Internet access at home = “Don’t need it, not interested”

1 = true, 0 = other

HENET5: What is the main reason that you do not have high-speed (that is, faster than dial-up) Internet access at home?

[1 = Don’t need it, not interested; 2 = Too expensive; 3 = Can use it somewhere else; 4 = Not available in area; 5 = No computer or computer inadequate; 6 = Privacy and security; 7 = Concern for children's access; 8 = Lack of confidence or skill; 9 = Other reasons]

No High-Speed Reason: Too Expensive

The main reason for not having high-speed Internet access at home = “Too expensive”

1 = true, 0 = other

HENET5

No High-Speed Reason: Too Expensive or No Computer

The main reason for not having high-speed Internet access at home = “Too expensive” or “No computer or computer inadequate”

1 = true, 0 = other

HENET5

No High-Speed Reason: Not Available

The main reason for not having high-speed Internet access at home = “Not available in area”

1 = true, 0 = other

HENET5

No High-Speed Reason: Lack of Confidence or Skill

The main reason for not having high-speed Internet access at home = “Lack of confidence or skill”

1 = true, 0 = other

HENET5

(p.297) Source: 2007 & 2009 CPS

Variable Name

Description

Coding

Source Variable/Question Wording

Uses High-Speed at Home

Connects to the Internet from home using DSL, cable modem, fiber optics, satellite,

1 = true, 0 = other

HENET4: Do you currently access the Internet at home using—

[1 = A regular “dial-up” telephone; 2 = DSL, cable modem, fiber optics, satellite, wireless (such as Wi-Fi), mobile phone or PDA, or some other broadband Internet connection;

wireless (such as Wi-Fi), mobile phone or PDA, or some other broadband Internet connection

3 = Something else]

Uses Internet at Home

Connects to the Internet from home

1 = true, 0 = other

HENET3: (Do you/Does anyone in this household) connect to the Internet from home?

[1 = Yes; 2 = No]

Uses Internet Anywhere

Uses the Internet at any location

1 = true, 0 = other

PENET2: Who is that? (Does this person use the Internet at any location?)

[1 = Yes; 2 = No]

Hispanic

Hispanic ethnicity

1 = true, 0 = other

PEHSPNON: Hispanic or non-Hispanic.

[1 = Hispanic; 2 = non-Hispanic]

Black

African-American race

1 = true, 0 = other

PTDTRACE: Race.

[1 = White Only; 2 = Black Only; 3 = American Indian, Alaskan Native Only; 4 = Asian Only; 5 = Hawaiian/Pacific Islander Only; 6 = White-Black; 7 = White-AI; 8 = White-Asian; 9 = White-Hawaiian; 10 = Black-AI; 11 = Black-Asian; 12 = Black-HP; 13 = AI-Asian; 14 = Asian-HP; 15 = W-B-AI; 16 = W-B-A; 17 = W-AI-A; 18 = W-A-HP; 19 = W-B-AI-A; 20 = 2 or 3 Races; 21 = 4 or 5 Races]

Asian

Asian race

1 = true, 0 = other

PTDTRACE

Spanish Only Language

Spanish is only language spoken

1 = true, 0 = other

HUSPNISH: Is Spanish the only language spoken by all members of this household who are 15 years of age or older?

[1 = Spanish only language spoken]

Income

Household family income

1–16 (1 = lowest, 16 = highest)

HUFAMINC: Combined income of all family members during the last 12 months. Includes money from jobs, net income from business, farm or rent, pensions, dividends, interest, social security payments and any other money income received by family members who are 15 years of age or older.

[1 = less than $5,000; 2 = 5,000 to 7,499; 3 = 7,500 to 9,999; 4 = 10,000 to 12,499; 5 = 12,500 to 14,999; 6 = 15,000 to 19,999; 7 = 20,000 to 24,999; 8 = 25,000 to 29,999; 9 = 30,000 to 34,999; 10 = 35,000 to 39,999; 11 = 40,000 to 49,999; 12 = 50,000 to 59,999; 13 = 60,000 to 74,999; 14 = 75,000 to 99,999; 15 = 100,000 to 149,999; 16 = 150,000 or more]

Education

Highest level of school completed

1–5 (1 = lowest, 5 = highest)

PEEDUCA: Highest level of school completed or degree received.

[31 = less than 1st grade; 32 = 1st, 2nd, 3rd or 4th grade; 33 = 5th or 6th grade; 34 = 7th or 8th grade; 35 = 9th grade; 36 = 10th grade; 37 = 11th grade; 38 = 12th grade no diploma; 39 = high school grad-diploma or equiv. (GED); 40 = some college but no degree; 41 = associate degree-occupational/vocational; 42 = associate degree-academic program; 43 = bachelor's degree (ex: BA, AB, BS); 44 = master's degree (ex: MA, MS, MEng, MEd, MSW); 45 = professional school deg. (ex: MD, DDS, DVM); 46 = doctorate degree (ex: PhD, EdD)]

Age

Age in years

0–79 = age in years, 80 = 80–84 years old, 85 = 85 + years old

PEAGE: Persons age as of the end of survey week.

Male

Male gender

1 = true, 0 = other

PESEX: Sex.

[1 = Male; 2 = Female]

Not Married

Not currently married

1 = true, 0 = other

PEMARITL: Marital status.

[1 = married—spouse present; 2 = married—spouse absent; 3 = widowed; 4 = divorced; 5 = separated; 6 = never married]

Parent of Child

Has a child under the age of 18

1 = true, 0 = other

PRNMCHLD: Number of own children 〈18 years of age.

Business Owner

Owns a business or farm

1 = true, 0 = other

HUBUS: Does anyone in this household have a business or a farm?

[1 = Yes; 2 = No]

Other

Farming, fishing, and forestry, armed forces, or unidentified occupation

1 = true, 0 = other

PRMJOCC1: Major occupation recode—Job 1.

[1 = Management, business, and financial occupations; 2 = Professional and related occupations; 3 = Service occupations; 4 = Sales and related occupations; 5 = Office and administrative support occupations; 6 = Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations; 7 = Construction and extraction occupations; 8 = Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations; 9 = Production occupations; 10 = Transportation and material moving occupations; 11 = Armed Forces]

Business

Management, business, or financial occupation

1 = true, 0 = other

PRMJOCC1

Professional

Professional or related occupation

1 = true, 0 = other

PRMJOCC1

Service

Service occupation

1 = true, 0 = other

PRMJOCC1

Sales

Sales or related occupation

1 = true, 0 = other

PRMJOCC1

Office Support

Office or administrative support occupation

1 = true, 0 = other

PRMJOCC1

Construction

Construction or extraction occupation

1 = true, 0 = other

PRMJOCC1

Installation & Repair

Installation, maintenance, or repair occupation

1 = true, 0 = other

PRMJOCC1

Transportation

Transportation or material moving occupation

1 = true, 0 = other

PRMJOCC1

Production (reference)

Production occupation

1 = true, 0 = other

PRMJOCC1

Urban

Principal city status

1 = true, 0 = other

GTCBSAST: Principal city/balance status.

[1 = principal city; 2 = balance; 3 = nonmetropolitan; 4 = not identified]

Suburban (reference)

Balance city status or not identified

1 = true, 0 = other

GTCBSAST

Rural

Nonmetropolitan status

1 = true, 0 = other

GTCBSAST

% Employed in Information

Percent of population employed in the information sector (weighted estimates based on Census industry classification)

0–100%

PEIO1ICD: Industry code for primary job.

Source: 2009 FCC

(p.298) (p.299) (p.300) (p.301) (p.302)

Variable Name

Description

Coding

Source Variable/Question Wording

Uses High-Speed at Home

Connects to the Internet from home using a high-speed, broadband connection

1 = true, 0 = other

q11.1: At home, do you now connect to the internet through a slow-speed connection such as dial-up or do you have a high-speed, broadband connection?

[1 = Slow-speed connection; 2 = High-speed broadband connection; 3 = (DO NOT READ) Both/Neither; 4 = (DO NOT READ) Don’t have internet at home]

Uses Internet at Home

Connects to the Internet from home

1 = true, 0 = other

q9a: Now please tell me if you access the internet at any of the following places? (First/Next) Do you ever access the Internet . . . At home?

[1 = Yes; 2 = No]

Uses Internet Anywhere

Uses the Internet at any location

1 = true, 0 = other

q8: Do you ever access the internet . . . or send and receive e-mail?

[1 = Yes; 2 = No]

Mobile Internet User Without High-Speed

Uses the Internet on mobile phone, but does not have high-speed Internet at home

1 = true, 0 = other

q30a: Please tell me if you ever use your cell phone to do any of the following things. Do you ever use it to—Send or receive email or not?

[1 = Yes; 2 = No]

q30a: Please tell me if you ever use your cell phone to do any of the following things. Do you ever use it to—Access webpages on the internet or not?

Local News

Ever uses the Internet: to get local or community news online

1 = true, 0 = other

q14a: Please tell me if you EVER use the internet to do any of the following things. Do you ever use the internet to . . . Get local or community news online?

[1 = Yes; 2 = No]

Govt Website

Ever uses the Internet: to visit a local, state or federal government website

1 = true, 0 = other

q14c: Please tell me if you EVER use the internet to do any of the following things. Do you ever use the internet to . . . Visit a local, state or federal government website?

[1 = Yes; 2 = No]

Natl News

Ever uses the Internet: to get national or international news

1 = true, 0 = other

q14i: Please tell me if you EVER use the internet to do any of the following things. Do you ever use the internet to . . . Get international or national news online?

[1 = Yes; 2 = No]

Apply Job

Ever uses the Internet: ) to get information or apply for a job

1 = true, 0 = other

q14j: Please tell me if you EVER use the internet to do any of the following things. Do you ever use the internet to . . . Get information about or apply for a job?

[1 = Yes; 2 = No]

Govt Info

Ever uses the Internet: to get information from a government agency

1 = true, 0 = other

q14l: Please tell me if you EVER use the internet to do any of the following things. Do you ever use the internet to . . . Get advice or information from a government agency about a health or safety issue?

[1 = Yes; 2 = No]

Online Banking

Ever uses the Internet: for online banking

1 = true, 0 = other

q14n: Please tell me if you EVER use the internet to do any of the following things. Do you ever use the internet to . . . Do any banking online?

[1 = Yes; 2 = No]

Take a Class

Ever uses the Internet: to take a class for credit toward a degree

1 = true, 0 = other

q14o: Please tell me if you EVER use the internet to do any of the following things. Do you ever use the internet to . . . Take a class online for credit towards a degree of some kind, like a high school or college diploma or an advanced degree?

[1 = Yes; 2 = No]

Hispanic

Hispanic ethnicity

1 = true, 0 = other

raceethn: Combining race and ethnicity variables.

[1 = White, non Hispanic; 2 = Black, non-Hispanic; 3 = Hispanic; 4 = Asian non-Hispanic; 5 = American Indian/Alaska Native; 6 = Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander; 7 = Other/Mixed Race]

Black

African-American race

1 = true, 0 = other

raceethn

Asian

Asian race

1 = true, 0 = other

raceethn

Income

Household family income

1–9 (1 = lowest, 9 = highest)

inc: Last year, that is in 2008, what was your total family income from all sources, before taxes? Just stop me when I get to the right category (READ 1–9).

[1 = Less than $10,000; 2 = $10,000 to under $20,000; 3 = $20,000 to under $30,000; 4 = $30,000 to under $40,000; 5 = $40,000 to under $50,000; 6 = $50,000 to under $75,000; 7 = $75,000 to under $100,000; 8 = $100,000 to under $150,000; 9 = $150,000 or more]

Education

Highest level of school completed

1–4 (1 = lowest, 4 = highest)

receduc: Recoded education.

[1 = Lower than HS; 2 = HS grad.; 3 = Some college; 4 = College +]

Age

Age in years

0–96 = age in years, 97 = 97 + years old

age: What is your age?

Male

Male gender

1 = true, 0 = other

sex: Record respondent's sex.

Not Married

Not currently married

1 = true, 0 = other

mar: Are you currently married, living with a partner, divorced, separated, widowed, or have you never been married?

[1 = Married; 2 = Living with a partner; 3 = Divorced; 4 = Separated; 5 = Widowed; 6 = Never been married; 7 = Single (VOL.)]

Parent of Child

Has a child under the age of 18 living in household

1 = true, 0 = other

hh3: How many children, under age 18, currently live in your household?

Employed

Employed full-time, part-time, or is self-employed

1 = true, 0 = other

empl: Are you now employed full-time, part-time, retired, or are you not employed for pay?

[1 = Employed full-time; 2 = Employed part-time; 3 = Retired; 4 = Not employed for pay; 5 = (VOL.) Have own business/self-employed; 6 = (VOL.) Disabled; 7 = (VOL.) Student; 8 = (VOL.) Other]

Urban

Community type = urban

1 = true, 0 = other

usr: Community type from zip merge—alpha.

[R = Rural; S = Suburban; U = Urban]

Suburban (reference)

Community type = suburban

1 = true, 0 = other

usr

Rural

Community type = rural

1 = true, 0 = other

usr

Source: American Community Survey and State and Metropolitan Area Data Book*

(p.303) (p.304) (p.305) (p.306) (p.307) (p.308)

Variable Name

Description

Coding

% Black

Percent of the population that is African-American

0–100%

% Hispanic

Percent of the population that is Hispanic

0–100%

Per Capita Income

State income per resident

Continuous

% High School Grad.

Percent of the population with a high school degree

0–100%

% Age 65 +

Percent of the population 65 years of age or older

0–100%

*Note: The American Community Survey (three-year estimates 2007–2009) was used for urban area model estimates, and the State and Metropolitan Area Data Book was used for suburban area model estimates.