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Silenced: How Apostasy and Blasphemy Codes are Choking Freedom Worldwide

Paul Marshall and Nina Shea


Silenced describes the dire effects of blasphemy and apostasy restrictions in contemporary Muslim-majority countries, and the promotion of such restrictions internationally, and in the West. In the Muslim world, religious minorities and Muslim reformers are subject to state persecution and targeted by widespread societal violence aimed at silencing any expression that does not conform to the prevailing religious and political ideology. Internationally, for two decades the Organization of the Islamic Conference has been trying within the United Nations to subject Western law and international h ... More

Keywords: Islam, muslims, apostasy, blasphemy, insulting Islam, human rights, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, United Nations

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780199812264
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812264.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Paul Marshall, author
Center for Religious Freedom, Hudson Institute

Nina Shea, author
Center for Religious Freedom, Hudson Institute