This chapter describes Owen’s contribution to the religious settlement of the Protectorate. Despite his increasing concerns about the direction of the revolution, Owen continued to be closely associated with Cromwell. The new constitution included a number of religious clauses, and Owen was appointed to a committee that set out to delineate a national confession of faith. Owen’s ambiguous attitude to the new regime continued in Musarum Oxoniensium (1654), a volume of verse to which he contributed. Later that year, Owen became an MP in the first Protectoral Parliament, and was associated with republican critics of the increasingly conservative regime. Owen was disbarred from the Commons in a legal technicality. He returned to Oxford, continuing to struggle against Socinian ideas and becoming involved in a literary dispute in which Henry Stubbe, Thomas Hobbes, and John Walliss were key participants. His influence at court and in the university continued to decline.
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