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The Responsibility to Protect$
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Jared Genser, Irwin Cotler, Desmond Tutu, and Vaclav Havel

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199797769

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797769.001.0001

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Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

(p.346) 16 Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
The Responsibility to Protect

Kjell Magne Bondevik

Kristen Abrams

Oxford University Press

This chapter first provides a brief historical background of North Korea and discusses the political and economic indicators that have allowed massive human rights violations to take place. Next, it explains the severe food crisis and the kwan-li-so political prison system. Following an introduction to the concept of crimes against humanity and the Responsibility to Protect doctrine, it analyzes the facts presented against the elements that constitute crimes against humanity and concludes that North Korea is committing crimes against humanity by starving millions of its people and maintaining a political gulag system. It explores an overview of the actions recently taken by the international community—including the United Nations, regional bodies, states and non-governmental actors—which acknowledge the severity and state responsibility for these atrocities. This evidence supports the conclusion that North Korea is indeed committing crimes against humanity and that the international community is taking note. The chapter ends with several recommendations that should be taken to alleviate the suffering of the North Korean people.

Keywords:   responsibility to protect, North Korea, human rights violantions, food crisis, political prison system, crimes against humanity, international community

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