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Digital DiscourseLanguage in the New Media$
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Crispin Thurlow and Kristine Mroczek

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199795437

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795437.001.0001

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Orienting to Arab Orientalisms: Language, Race, and Humor in a YouTube Video

Orienting to Arab Orientalisms: Language, Race, and Humor in a YouTube Video

Chapter:
(p.251) Chapter 12 Orienting to Arab Orientalisms: Language, Race, and Humor in a YouTube Video
Source:
Digital Discourse
Author(s):

Elaine Chun

Keith Walters

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795437.003.0012

This chapter examines acts of stance by comedian Wonho Chung and his YouTube audience as they negotiate ideologies of language, race, and nation in the Arab world. Specifically, it focuses on how Chung, an Arab-English bilingual of East Asian descent, humorously invokes stereotypes of an Oriental, and how his audience, largely Arab-identifying YouTube users residing in over fifty countries, position themselves in relation to these stereotypes. The chapter notes the potential for Chung to critique Orientalism through his humor and for YouTube spaces to encourage linguistically and geographically diverse individuals to collaboratively take positive stances toward Arabic and Arab culture. Yet it also identifies ways in which Chung's comedic performance and his audience's responses ultimately reinscribed essentialist notions of Arabness and racist ideologies of Orientalism.

Keywords:   Arabic, authentication, humor, ideology, orientalism, parody, racism, stance, stylization, Youtube

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