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The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions$
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Arthur G. Shapiro and Dejan Todorovic

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199794607

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.001.0001

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The Geometric-Optical Illusions of J. J. Oppel

The Geometric-Optical Illusions of J. J. Oppel

Chapter:
(p.298) Chapter 34 The Geometric-Optical Illusions of J. J. Oppel
Source:
The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions
Author(s):

Dejan Todorović

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0034

J. J. Oppel is usually credited for initiating the scientific study of illusions in the mid-nineteenth century. However, his actual work remains largely unknown. This chapter presents a number of his designs and argues that they are precursors of several later published and now classical illusions. Oppel’s related works include papers published in Jahresbericht des physikalischen Vereins zu Frankfurt am Main in the 1850s and 1860s, as well as in Annalen der Physik in 1871. Concepts discussed include geometrical-optical illusions; the Müller-Lyer illusion; position illusions of Thiéry, Wundt, and Judd; and the Zöllner illusion. Oppel’s work is further described through various figures and diagrams that illustrate these points.

Keywords:   J. J. Oppel, geometric-optical illusions, illusions, Müller-Lyer illusion, position illusions, Zöllner illusion

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