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Managing the Research University$
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Dean O. Smith

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199793259

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793259.001.0001

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Centers and Institutes

Centers and Institutes

(p.113) Chapter 7 Centers and Institutes
Managing the Research University

Dean O. Smith

Oxford University Press

As major venues for interdisciplinary research programs, centers and institutes are loosely defined units that bring together faculty members from different departments and disciplines with the hope of generating novel academic contributions. Membership in an academic center or institute is generally secondary to a primary appointment in a traditional department, which has financial and personnel policy implications. With few exceptions centers and institutes originate from the faculty members and not the administration. This includes the establishment of soft-money centers or institutes that arise in the context of a gift or grant award. For example, several federal funding agencies award grants explicitly to establish a center or institute. Mechanisms of financial support, performance review, and dissolution are analyzed critically. The chapter concludes with a discussion of service centers. Most of them charge fees for their services based on the actual costs of running the center; they are recharge centers. However, they may generate taxable unrelated business income.

Keywords:   interdisciplinary, membership, appointment, soft money, financial support, review, dissolution, service center, recharge center, unrelated business income

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