This chapter focuses on the role of militarization and Buddhism. Buddhist soldiers and police located in the southernmost provinces establish their headquarters in Thai Buddhist monasteries, thereby transforming religious spaces into militarized spaces. In addition to militarized Buddhist monasteries, the role of the Buddhist monk is militarized as well: witness the advent of the military monk, a soldier that is simultaneously a monk. This unique role of Buddhist soldier monks is contextualized historically with different cases of Buddhist monastic soldiers across Asia, such as Japan, China, and Sri Lanka.
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