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Urban Music EducationA Practical Guide for Teachers$
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Kate Fitzpatrick-Harnish

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199778560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778560.001.0001

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Understanding Our Students

Understanding Our Students

(p.20) Chapter 2 Understanding Our Students
Urban Music Education

Kate Fitzpatrick-Harnish

Oxford University Press

Chapter 2 focuses on the importance of gaining a greater understanding of students’ lives and experiences to build on these experiences within the music classroom. The chapter opens with an examination of the “opportunity gap,” a counter to the frequently described “achievement gap” that is often associated with particular student populations. This section explains the documented structural inequities faced by many of these student populations even before formal school ever begins. The chapter also examines the concept of a “culture of power” that often leads teachers and administrators to misunderstand and misinterpret the behaviors of their students. Strategies for assisting students are provided. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the important issues of student race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, along with implications for the music classroom.

Keywords:   urban music education, opportunity gap, achievement gap, inequality, culture of power, ethnicity, socioeconomic status

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