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Essays on a Priori Knowledge and JustificationEssays$
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Albert Casullo

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199777860

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777860.001.0001

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A Priori Knowledge

A Priori Knowledge

6 A Priori Knowledge
Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification

Albert Casullo

Oxford University Press

Kant posed four questions regarding a priori knowledge: (1) What is a priori knowledge? (2) Is there a priori knowledge? (3) What is the relationship between the a priori and the necessary? (4) Is there synthetic a priori knowledge? The focus of this essay is on the second. Since one cannot determine whether a priori knowledge exists without knowing what such knowledge is, I begin by providing an analysis of the concept a priori knowledge. I utilize that analysis to show that the traditional arguments both for and against the a priori are not convincing. I conclude by offering an alternative strategy for defending the existence of a priori knowledge. Although the questions about the relationship between the a priori and the nonepistemic concepts of necessity and analyticity are not my primary targets, I address them insofar as they are relevant to analyzing the concept of a priori knowledge or to determining whether such knowledge exists.

Keywords:   a priori, knowledge, justification, synthetic, necessary, analytic

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