Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Enlightened EvangelicalismThe Life and Thought of John Erskine$

Jonathan Yeager

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199772551

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772551.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 25 February 2017

Primary Sources

Primary Sources

Source:
Enlightened Evangelicalism
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

manuscripts

The United States

Connecticut

Beinecke Library, Yale University, New Haven

James Boswell Collection

Ezra Stiles Papers

Ezra Stiles Diary

Isaac Mann Autograph Collection

Jonathan Edwards Collection

The Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford

Joseph Fish Papers

The Hartford Seminary, Hartford

Joseph Bellamy Letters

Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University, New Haven

Joseph Bellamy Papers

Morse Family Papers

Massachusetts

Andover Newton Theological Seminary, Newton Centre

Jonathan Edwards Jr. Papers

Boston Public Library, Boston

Thomas Prince Collection

Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge

Wigglesworth Family Papers

Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center, Boston University, Boston

(p.260) Thomas Foxcroft Papers

Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston

John Erskine Letterbook, 1742–45

MHS Archives

New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston

Wigglesworth Family Papers

New Hampshire

Dartmouth College Library, Dartmouth College, Hanover

Eleazar Wheelock Papers

New Jersey

Firestone Library, Princeton University, Princeton

Samuel Miller Papers

New Jersey Historical Society, Newark

John Witherspoon Papers

Seeley G. Mudd Library, Princeton University, Princeton

“Donations in Books and Apparatus Received for the Use of the College of New Jersey since It Was Consumed by Fire, 1802–1822, 1850–1853”

New York

New York Public Library, New York

Miscellaneous Personal Name File

Pennsylvania

Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

Dreer Collection

Gratz MSS

Hazard Family Papers

Presbyterian Historical Society, Philadelphia

Hazard Papers

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

Miscellaneous MSS

Waidner-Spahr Library, Dickinson College, Carlisle

John Dickinson Papers

England

The British Library, London

Additional MSS

Stowe MSS

Scotland

Edinburgh Central Library, Edinburgh

William Creech Papers

Edinburgh City Archives, Edinburgh

MS Moses Bundle

Edinburgh New College Library, Edinburgh

Cunningham Papers

Edinburgh University Library, Edinburgh

The Laing Collection

(p.261) John Pringle, Lectures from Cicero, 1741

John Ryland Correspondence

John Stevenson Class Essays

Glasgow University Library, Glasgow

MS Murray

Mitchell Library, Glasgow

Buchan Papers

National Archive of Scotland, Edinburgh

Bill Chamber Processes, Old Series

William Creech Letterbooks in the Blair Oliphant of Ardblair Muniments. Consulted on microfilm, RH 26/1–3.

Culross Kirk Session Records

Custom Accounts: Collectors' Quarterly Accounts: Leith

Earl of Leven and Melville Papers

Gladsmuir Kirk Session Records

Kirkintilloch Kirk Session Records

Old Greyfriars Kirk Session Minutes

Papers of the Dundas Family of Melville, Viscounts Melville, Papers

Scots Church at Rotterdam Minutes. Consulted on microfilm, RH4/17/2.

SSPCK Council Minutes

National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh

Archibald Constable Papers

William Creech Papers

The Edinburgh Missionary Society Papers

Miscellaneous Accessions

Miscellaneous Correspondences

John Ramsay, Ochtertyre Manuscripts

Private Collection, Tulliebole Castle, Kinross-shire

Moncreiff Family Papers

Netherlands

Gemeentearchief Rotterdam

Archives of the Scots Church Rotterdam

Museum Meermanno, The Hague

MS 258

general

Anon. An Account of Some Late Attempts by the Correspondents of the Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge, to Christianize the North American Indians. Edinburgh: [s.n.], 1763.

—— . An Account of the Funds, Expenditure, and General Management of the Affairs, of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge. Edinburgh: Printed by J. Paterson, 1796.

—— . Account of the Proceedings and Debate, in the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, 27th May 1796; on the Overtures from the Provincial Synods of Fife and (p.262) Moray, Respecting the Propagation of the Gospel Among the Heathen. Edinburgh: Printed for Alex. Lawrie, 1796.

—— . Catalogue of the Graduates in the Faculties of Arts, Divinity, and Law, of the University of Edinburgh, Since Its Foundation. Edinburgh, 1858.

—— . Catalogue of the Library of the Late John Erskine of Carnock, D. D. University of Aberdeen, Special Collections, 1811. MN.10.208.

—— . Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Vol. 5. Boston: Printed by Samuel Hall, 1798.

—— . The Decisions of the Lords of Council and Session, from June 6th, 1678, to July 30th, 1712. 2 Vols. Printed for G. Hamilton and J Balfour: Edinburgh, 1759–61.

—— . Experience Preferable to Theory, an Answer to Dr. Price's Observations on the Nature of Civil Liberty, and the Justice and Policy of the War with America. London: T. Payne, 1776.

—— . A Letter to All Opposers of the Repeal of the Penal Laws against Papists in Scotland. Edinburgh: Printed for W. Gray, 1779.

—— . A Letter to the Mayor and Corporation of Deale, in Kent, in Relation to their Opinion upon the Trinity. London: Printed for J. Shuckburgh, 1752.

—— . The Proceedings of the United States Anti-Masonic Convention. Philadelphia: I. P. Trimble, 1830.

—— . Scotland's Opposition to the Popish Bill: A Collection of All the Declarations and Resolutions, Published by the Different Counties, Cities, Towns, Parishes, Incorporations, and Societies Throughout Scotland. Edinburgh: Printed by David Patterson, 1780.

—— . Select Transactions of the Honourable Society of Improvers in the Knowledge of Agriculture in Scotland. Edinburgh: Printed by Sands, Brymer, Murray and Cochran, 1743.

—— . A Short View of the Statutes at Present in Force in Scotland against Popery. December: N.P., 1778.

—— . A Warning against Popery Drawn up, and Published, by Order of the Associate Synod, at Their Meeting on the 2d of September 1778. Edinburgh: Printed by Gavin Alston, 1779.

A.C. A Letter to the Reverend John Erskine, D. D., One of the Ministers of Edinburgh: On the Dangerous Tendency of His Late Sketches of Church-History: By His Countenancing the Authors, and Promoting the Designs, of the Infamous Sect of the Illuminati. Edinburgh: Printed by J. Moir for Stuart Cheyne, 1798.

Anderson, George. An Estimate of the Profit and Loss of Religion. Edinburgh: Printed and sold, 1753.

Bannatyne, James. Mistakes about Religion, Amongst the Causes of Our Defection from the Spirit of the Gospel. Edinburgh: Printed by R. Fleming, 1737.

Baxter, Richard. The Reformed Pastor. Edited by William Brown. Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1974.

Bellamy, Joseph. Nymphas to Sosipater; Occasioned by Mr. Sandiman's Letters upon Theron and Aspasio. Edited by John Erskine. Edinburgh: Printed for W. Gray, 1761.

—— . The Works of Joseph Bellamy. 2 vols. Boston: Doctrinal Tract and Book Society, 1853.

(p.263) Belsches, David. An Account of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge from Its Commencement in 1709 in Which is Included the Present State of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland with Regard to Religion. Edinburgh: Printed by A. Murray and J. Cochrane, 1774.

Blair, Hugh. The Importance of Religious Knowledge to the Happiness of Mankind. Edinburgh: Printed by R. Fleming for A. Kincaid, 1750.

—— . Lectures on Rhetoric. New York: Grenville Kleiser, 1911.

—— . Sermons. London and Edinburgh: Printed for W. Strahan and T. Cadell and W. Ceech, 1777.

Blinshall, James. The Evidence of the Future Publication of the Gospel to All Nations: A Sermon, Preached before the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge. Edinburgh: Printed by Balfour & Smellie, 1780.

Boston, Thomas. Human Nature in Its Four-Fold State. Bungay: Brightly, 1811.

—— . A View of the Covenant of Grace from the Sacred Records. 1734. Lewes: Focus Christian Ministries Trust, 1990.

Boswell, James. Boswell's Edinburgh Journals, 1767–1786. Edited by Hugh M. Milne. Edinburgh: Mercat Press, 2001.

—— . Boswell in Search of a Wife, 1766–1769. Edited by Frank Brady and Frederick A. Pottle. London: William Heinemann, 1957.

—— . Boswell: Laird of Auchinleck, 1778–1782. Edited by Joseph W. Reed and Frederick A. Pottle. New York, Toronto and London: McGraw-Hill, 1977.

—— . Boswell: The Ominous Years, 1774–1776. Edited by Charles Ryskamp and Frederick A. Pottle. Melbourne, London and Toronto: William Heinemann, 1963.

—— . The Correspondence of James Boswell with James Bruce and Andrew Gibb, Overseers of the Auchinleck Estate. Edited by Nellie Pottle Hankins and John Strawhorn. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1998.

—— . The Life of Samuel Johnson. Edited by John Wilson Crocker. 10 vols. London: Henry G. Bohn, 1848.

—— . The Private Papers of James Boswell from Malahide Castle in the Collection of Lt-Colonel Ralph Heyward Isham. Edited by Frederick A. Pottle and Marion S. Pottle. London and New York: Oxford University Press, 1931.

Burke, Edmund. The Correspondence of Edmund Burke. Vol. 4. Edited by John Woods. Cambridge and Chicago: Cambridge University Press and the University of Chicago Press, 1963.

Burnet, Gilbert. A Discourse of the Pastoral Care. 4th ed. Dublin: Printed by and for J. Hyde and for R. Gunne, 1726.

Calvin, John. Institutes of the Christian Religion. Edited by John T. McNeill. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1960.

Campbell, Archibald. The Necessity of Revelation: Or an Enquiry into the Extent of Human Powers with Respect to Matters of Religion. London: Printed by William Bowyer at the Expence of the Society for the Encouragement of Learning, 1739.

Campbell, George. An Address to the People of Scotland, Upon the Alarms That Have Been Raised in Regard to Popery. Aberdeen: Printed by J. Chalmers and Co., 1779.

—— . Lectures on Pulpit Eloquence. London: John Bumpus, 1824.

(p.264) Campbell, George. The Nature, Extent, and Importance, of the Duty of Allegiance. Aberdeen: Printed by J. Chalmers and Co., 1777.

—— . The Philosophy of Rhetoric, 2 Vols. London and Edinburgh: Printed for W. Strahan, T. Cadell, and W. Creech, 1776.

—— . The Spirit of the Gospel Neither a Spirit of Superstition Nor of Enthusiasm. Edinburgh: Printed by A. Kincaid & W. Creech, 1771.

Carlyle, Alexander. The Justice and Necessity of the War with Our American Colonies Examined. London and Edinburgh: Printed for J. Murray and J. Dickson, 1777.

—— . A Letter to His Grace the Duke of Buccleugh, on National Defence. London: Printed for J. Murray, 1778.

—— . The Tendency of the Constitution of the Church of Scotland, to Form the Temper, Spirit, and Character of Her Ministers. Edinburgh: Printed for James Dickson, 1767.

—— . The Usefulness and Necessity of a Liberal Education for Clergymen. Edinburgh: Printed for William Creech, 1793.

Cicero, Marcus Tullius. “Discussions at Tusculum.” In On the Good Life. Translated by Michael Grant. London: Penguin Books, 1971, 49–116.

—— . The Nature of the Gods. Trans. Horace C. P. McGregor. Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1972.

—— . “On Duties.” Edited by M. T. Griffin, and E. M. Atkins. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

—— . On Stoic Good and Evil. Translated by M. R. Wright. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1991.

Cooper, William. A Reply to the Religious Scruples against Inoculating the Small Pox, in a Letter to a Friend. Edited by John Erskine. Edinburgh: Sold by M. Gray, 1791.

Creech, William. Edinburgh Fugitive Pieces: With Letters, Containing a Comparative View of the Modes of Living, Arts, Commerce, Literature, Manners, &c. of Edinburgh, at Different Periods. Edinburgh: Printed by George Ramsay and Company, 1815.

Cudworth, William. A Defence of Theron and Aspasio, Against the Objections Contained in a Late Treatise, Entitled, Letters on Theron and Aspasio. London: Printed for G. Keith, 1760.

Davidson, Thomas. A Sketch of the Character of Dr. John Erskine, One of the Ministers of the Old Gray Friars Church of Edinburgh. Edinburgh: H. Inglis, 1803.

Davies, Samuel. Sermon Preached at Henrico, 29th April 1753. And at Canongate, 26th May 1754. Edinburgh: Printed for W. Gray and W. Peter, 1754.

Dick, Robert. The Counsel of Gamaliel Considered. Edinburgh: Printed by W. Sands, A. Murray, and J. Cochran, 1762.

Dickinson, Jonathan. Sermons and Tracts. Edited by John Erskine. Edinburgh: Printed for M. Gray, Vennor and Hood and Ogilvie and Speare, 1793.

Drummond, William Abernethy. The Lawfulness of Breaking Faith with Heretics Proved to be an Established Doctrine of the Church of Rome. Edinburgh: Printed by A. Murray and J. Cochran, 1778.

The Edinburgh Magazine and Review 5 (June 1776).

Edwards, Jonathan.“A Dissertation Concerning the Nature of True Virtue.” In The Works of Jonathan Edwards, edited by Edward Hickman, 121–42. Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1976.

(p.265) —— . A History of the Work of Redemption: Containing the Outlines of a Body of Divinity, in a Method Entirely New. Edited by John Erskine. New York: Printed by Shepard Kollack for Robert Hodge, 1786.

—— . An Humble Inquiry into the Rules of the Word of God, Concerning the Qualifications Requisite to a Complete Standing and Full Communion in the Visible Christian Church.2nd edition. Edinburgh: Printed for William Coke, 1790.

—— . Jonathan Edwards Catalogues of Books. Edited by Peter J. Thuesen. Vol. 26. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008.

—— . Letters and Personal Writings. Edited by George S. Claghorn. Vol. 16. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998.

—— . Miscellaneous Observations on Important Theological Subjects. Edinburgh and London: Printed for W. Gray and Vernor & Hood and Ogilvie & Speare, 1793.

—— . The Religious Affections. 1746. Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 2004.

—— . Twenty Sermons on Various Subjects. Edinburgh: Printed by Alex. Lawrie and Co. for John Fairbairn and Ogle & Aikman; and W. Coke, Leith, 1804.

Erskine, John, ed. Considerations on the Spirit of Popery, and the Intended Bill for the Relief of Papists in Scotland. Edinburgh: Printed by Murray & Cochran, 1778.

—— , ed. Discourses Preached on Several Occasions. 2 Vols. Edinburgh: Printed for William Creech and Archibald Constable and C. Dilly, T. Cadell, W. Davies and T. Kay, 1798–1804.

—— , ed. Dr Erskine's Reply to a Printed Letter, Directed to Him by A. C.; in Which the Gross Misrepresentations in Said Letter of His Sketches of Church History, in Promoting the Designs of the Infamous Sect of the Illuminati, Are Considered. Edinburgh: Printed for Archibald Constable, 1798.

—— , ed. The Equity and Wisdom of Administration, in Measures That Have Unhappily Occasioned the American Revolt, Tried by the Sacred Oracles. Edinburgh: [s.n.], 1776.

—— , ed. A Fair and Impartial Account of the Debate in the Synod of Glasgow and Air. Edinburgh: Printed by Thomas Lumisden and Company, 1748.

—— , ed. The Fatal Consequences and the General Sources of Anarchy. Edinburgh: Printed for M. Gray, 1793.

—— , ed. Letters Chiefly Written to Comfort Those Bereaved of Children or Friends. 3rd ed. 1790. Edinburgh: Printed for Ogle & Aikman, 1803.

—— , ed. Mr. Wesley's Principles Detected: Or, a Defence of the Preface to the Edinburgh Edition of Aspasio Vindicated. Edinburgh: Printed for William Gray, 1765.

—— , ed. A Narrative of the Debate in the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, May 25, 1779: Occasioned by Apprehensions of an Intended Repeal of the Penal Statutes Against Papists. Edinburgh: Printed for W. Gray, 1780.

—— . New Religious Intelligence, Chiefly from the American States. Edinburgh: Ogle and Aikman, 1802.

—— , ed. Reflections on the Rise, Progress, and Probable Consequences, of the Present Contentions with the Colonies. Edinburgh: 1776.

—— , ed. Religious Intelligence and Seasonable Advice from Abroad, Concerning Lay Preaching and Exhortation, in Four Separate Pamphlets. Edinburgh: Printed by T. Ross for J. Fairbairn and Ross & Blackwood, 1801.

(p.266) Erskine, John, ed. Select Discourses from the American Preacher. Edinburgh: Printed by Adam Neill and Company, 1796.

—— , ed. Shall I Go to War with My American Brethren? A Discourse from Judges the xxth and 28th. Addressed to all Concerned in Determining That Important Question. London: Printed for G. Kearsly, 1769.

—— , ed. Shall I Go to War with My American Brethren? A Discourse Addressed to All Concerned in Determining That Important Question. [Edinburgh?]: 1776.

—— , ed. The Signs of the Times Consider'd: Or the High Probability, That the Present Appearances in New-England, and the West of Scotland, Are a Prelude of the Glorious Things Promised to the Church in the Latter Ages. Edinburgh: Printed by T. Lumisden and J. Robertson, 1742.

—— , ed. Sketches and Hints of Church History, and Theological Controversy. 2 vols. Edinburgh: Printed by J. Moir for Stuart Cheyne and Printed for Archibald Constable, 1790–7.

—— , ed. Theological Dissertations. London: Printed by Edward and Charles Dilly, 1765.

—— , ed. “To the Printer of the Caledonian Mercury.” Caledonian Mercury 8414 (7 October 1775).

Evans, Caleb. A Letter to the Rev. Mr. John Wesley, Occasioned by His Calm Address to the American Colonies. Bristol: Printed by William Pine, 1775.

Ferguson, Adam. Principles of Moral and Political Science. London and Edinburgh: Printed for A. Strahan and T. Cadell and W. Creech, 1792.

—— . Remarks on a Pamphlet Lately Published by Dr. Price. London: Printed for T. Cadell, 1776.

Ford, James. The Certain Danger of Perverting Divine Truth and Disregarding the Judgments of Heaven. Edinburgh: Printed for C. Elliot, 1778.

Foster, James. An Essay on Fundamentals, with a Particular Regard to the Doctrine of the Ever-Blessed Trinity. London: Printed for John Clarke, 1720.

Fuller, Andrew. The Complete Works of the Rev. Andrew Fuller, with a Memoir of His Life. Edited by Andrew Gunton Fuller. London: G. and J. Dyer, 1846.

—— . Strictures on Sandemanianism, in Twelve Letters to a Friend. Nottingham: C. Sutton, 1810.

Gerard, Alexander. Liberty the Cloke of Maliciousness, Both in the American Rebellion, and in the Manners of the Times. Aberdeen: Printed by J. Chalmers &, 1778.

Gillespie, Patrick. The Ark of the Covenant Opened: Or, a Treatise of the Covenant of Redemption between God and Christ, as the Foundation of the Covenant of Grace. London: Printed for Thomas Parkhurst at the Bible and three Crowns in Cheapside, near Mercers Chappel, 1677.

Gillespie, Thomas. An Essay on the Continuance of Immediate Revelations of Facts and Future Events in the Christian Church. Edinburgh: Printed by A. Murray and J. Cochran for W. Gray, 1771.

—— . A Treatise on Temptation. Edinburgh: Printed for W. Gray, 1774.

Gillies, John. Appendix to the Historical Collections, Relating to the Success of the Gospel. Glasgow: Printed for John Orr, 1761.

(p.267) —— . Historical Collections Relating to Remarkable Periods of the Success of the Gospel, and Eminent Instruments Employed in Promoting It. Vol. 2. Glasgow: Printed by Robert and Andrew Foulis, 1754.

—— . Memoirs of the Late Reverend George Whitefield. to Which Are Now Added, Original Letters from the Rev. Messrs. John Wesley, Ralph Erskine, E. Jones, John Berridge, and Dr. Erskine. London: T. Williams, Gale and Curtis and L. B. Seeley, 1811.

Glas, John. A Description of Justifying Faith; the Effects of Faith; and Christ's Visible Church. Carmarthen: Printed by John Ross, 1768.

Grant, David. The Living Manners of the Times, and Their Consequences; Together with the Motives to Reformation. Edinburgh: Printed by David Patterson, 1779.

Hall, James. Meditations and Letters of a Pious Youth Lately Deceas'd, to Which Are Prefix'd, Reflections on His Death and Character, by a Friend in the Country. Edinburgh: Printed by T. Lumisden and J. Robertson, 1746.

Hall, Robert. Help to Zion's Travellers: Being an Attempt to Remove Various Stumbling Blocks Out of the Way, Relating to Doctrinal, Experimental and Practical Religion. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: American Baptist Publication Society, 1851.

Harwood, Edward. Five Dissertations. London: Printed for T. Becket and P. A. De Hondt, 1772.

—— . The Melancholy Doctrine of Predestination Exposed: and the Delightful Truth of Universal Redemption Represented. London: Printed for T. Becket and P.A. de Hondt, 1768.

Hay, George. An Answer to Mr. W.A.D.'s Letter to G. H. Edinburgh and Dublin: Reprinted for Wogan, Bean, and, 1779.

—— . A Memorial to the Public in Behalf of the Roman Catholics of Edinburgh and Glasgow. 2nd ed. London: Printed and sold by J. P. Coghlan, 1779.

Hervey, James. Aspasio Vindicated, and the Scripture Doctrine of Imputed Righteousness Defended, Against the Objections and Animadversions of the Rev. Mr John Wesley. Edited by John Erskine. Edinburgh: Printed for W. Gray, 1765.

—— . A Collection of the Letters of the Late Reverend James Hervey. Vol. 2. Dublin: Printed for George Faulkner and Peter Wilson, 1760.

—— . Eleven Letters from the Late Rev. Mr. Hervey to the Rev. Mr. John Wesley. London: Printed by Charles Rivington for John Rivington, 1765.

—— . Letters from the Late Reverend James Hervey. to the Right Honourable Lady Frances Shirley. London: Printed by John Rivington, Jun. for John Francis and Charles Rivington, 1782.

Hobby, William. The Faithful Minister the Glory of Christ. Boston: Printed for and sold by S. Eliot, 1743.

Home, Henry, Lord Kames. “The Benevolence of God.” In The Scottish Enlightenment: An Anthology, edited by Alexander Broadie. Edinburgh: Canongate Classics, 1997, 346–55.

Hume, David. “An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals.” In The Scottish Enlightenment: An Anthology, edited by Alexander Broadie. Edinburgh: Canongate Classics, 1997, 145–54.

(p.268) Hume, David. “Of Miracles.” In The Scottish Enlightenment: An Anthology, edited by Alexander Broadie. Edinburgh: Canongate Classics, 1997, 300–316.

—— . “The Science of Man.” In The Scottish Enlightenment: An Anthology, edited by Alexander Broadie. Edinburgh: Canongate Classics, 1997, 37–41.

—— . “The Theory of Ideas.” In The Scottish Enlightenment: An Anthology, edited by Alexander Broadie. Edinburgh: Canongate Classics, 1997, 63–72.

Hunter, Andrew. A Due Attention to the Public Institutions of Religion Recommended. Edinburgh: Printed for J. Dickson, A. Forsyth and W. Chalmers, 1793.

—— . The Duties of Subjects. Edinburgh: Printed by A. Shirrefs for J. Balfour, 1793.

Hutcheson, Francis. “Morality and the Moral Sense.” In The Scottish Enlightenment: An Anthology, edited by Alexander Broadie. Edinburgh: Canongate Classics, 1997, 119–42.

Hyndman, John. A Sermon, on Proverbs xiv. 34. Edinburgh: Printed by W. Sands, A. Murray, and J. Cochran, 1761.

Inglis, John. The Memory of the Righteous. Edinburgh: Printed by James Ballantyne for Manners and Miller, 1803.

Jackson, Thomas, ed. Lives of Early Methodist Preachers, Chiefly Written by Themselves. 6 vols. London: Wesleyan Conference Office, 1865–66.

Johnston, David. The Signal Deliverances Which Have Been Wrought for These Kingdoms, and the Most Probable Means of Obtaining a Like Divine Interposition in the Present Conjuncture of Public Affairs. Edinburgh: Murray and Cochran, 1779.

Kay, John. A Series of Original Portraits and Caricature Etchings. Edinburgh: Hugh Paton, 1837–1808.

Kennedy, Hugh. A Short Account of the Rise and Continuing Progress of a Remarkable Work of Grace in the United Netherlands. London: Printed for John Lewis, 1752.

Kent, E., Samuel Hopkins, and Timothy Jones. Extracts of Letters from America, Concerning the Success of the Gospel. Sent to a Minister of the Church of Scotland [i.e. John Erskine], and Published at His Desire. Glasgow: McNair”s Close, Trongate, 1776.

Kershaw, James. An Earnest Appeal to the Public in an Honest, Amicable, and Affectionate Reply to the Preface of Aspasio Vindicated, Dated at Edinburgh, January 7, 1765. Edinburgh: Printed by Auld and Smellie, 1765.

—— . A Second Letter to the Author, &c. Being a Reply to the Answer of a Late Pamphlet of Mr. Wesley against Mr. Erskine. Newcastle upon Tyne: Printed by J. White and T. Saint, 1767.

Laertius, Diogenes. Lives of Eminent Philosophers: Volume II. Translated by R. D. Hicks. 1925. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2005.

Lampe, Frederick Adolphus. Theological Dissertations Concerning the Endless Duration of Punishment. Translated by Joseph Robertson. Edinburgh and London: Printed for J. Fairbairn and Archibald Constable and J. Mathews and T. Chapman, 1796.

Locke, John. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Ware: Wordsworth, 1998.

—— . The Reasonableness of Christianity with a Discourse of Miracles and Part of a Third Letter Concerning Toleration. Edited by I. T. Ramsey. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1958.

(p.269) —— . A Second Vindication of the Reasonableness of Christianity. 5th ed. London: Printed for A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch, 1736.

Lockhart, John Gibson. Peter's Letters to His Kinsfolk. New York: W.B. Gilley, L. & F. Lockwood, A.T. Goodrich &, Collins & Hannay, and Elam Bliss, 1820.

Mackie, Charles. “Alphabetical List of Those Who Attended the Prelections on History and Roman Antiquities, from 1719–1744.” Edinburgh University Library. Dc.5.24:203.

Macleod, Walter, ed. Journal of the Hon. John Erskine of Carnock, 1683–1687. Edinburgh: T. and A. Constable, 1893.

Macfarlan, John. Defence of the Clergy of the Church of Scotland, Who Have Appeared in Opposition to the Intention of an Unlimited Repeal of the Penal Laws against Roman Catholics. Edinburgh: Printed for J. Dickson, 1779.

Maclaurin, John. A Loud Cry for Help to the Struggling Church of Scotland. 2nd ed. Glasgow: Printed in the year, 1753.

—— . Sermons & Essays. London: W. Baynes, 1802.

Martin, Samuel. A Few Thoughts and Matters of Fact Concerning Methodism. Edinburgh: Sold by W. Gray, 1766.

Mather, Cotton. Dr. Cotton Mather's Student and Preacher. London: Printed for Charles Dilly, 1781.

The Missionary Magazine 15 (1797).

The Monthly Review, 1757–94.

Oswald, James. An Appeal to Common Sense in Behalf of Religion. Edited by James Fieser. 1766–72. Bristol: Thoemmes Press, 2000.

Owen, John. The Doctrine of Justification by Faith, through the Imputation of the Righteousness of Christ, Explained, Confirmed, and Vindicated. Coventry: Printed by Luckman and Suffield, 1797.

Pirie, Alexander. A Review of the Principles and Conduct of the Seceders. Edinburgh: Printed for W. Gray, 1769.

Plutarch. “A Letter of Consolation to His Wife on the Death of an Infant Daughter.” In Moral Essays. Translated by Rex Warner. Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1971, 176–85.

Porteous, William. The Doctrine of Toleration, Applied to the Present Times. Glasgow: Printed for and sold by John Smith and Son, 1778.

Price, Richard. Observations on the Nature of Civil Liberty, the Principles of Government, and the Justice and Policy of the War with America. 2nd ed. London: Printed for T. Cadell, 1776.

Prince, Deborah, and Sarah Gill. Dying Exercises of Mrs. Deborah Prince and Devout Meditations of Mrs. Sarah Gill, Daughters of the Late Rev. Mr. Thomas Prince, Minister of the South Church, Boston. Edited by John Erskine. Edinburgh: Printed by D. Paterson, 1785.

Prince, Thomas. Six Sermons by the Late Thomas Prince. Edited by John Erskine. Edinburgh: Printed by David Paterson, 1785.

Quintilian, Marcus Fabius. Institutes of Oratory. Translated by John Selby Watson. Vol. 1. London: George Bell & Sons, 1892.

(p.270) Ramsay, John. Letters of John Ramsay of Ochtertyre, 1799–1812. Edited by Barbara L. H. Horn. Edinburgh: Scottish History Society, 1966.

Randal of Stirling, Mr, Mr. Glas of Dundee, and Dr. Erskine of Edinburgh. The Celebration of the Lord's Supper Every Lord's Day, Shewn to be the Duty and the Privilege of Every Christian Church: To Which Are Subjoined, a Letter from Mr Haldane and Concluding Remarks, with Extracts from Baillie's Letters. Edinburgh: J. Ritchie, Blackfriars Wynd, 1802.

Randall, Thomas. Christian Benevolence, A Sermon Preached before the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge. Edinburgh: Printed by A. Donaldson and J. Reid, 1763.

—— . A Letter to a Minister from his Friend, Concerning Frequent Communicating. Glasgow: Printed and sold by the booksellers in Glasgow and Edinburgh, 1749.

Rippon, John. The Baptist Annual Register, for 1794,1795, 1796–1797, Including Sketches of the State of Religion among Different Denominations of Good Men at Home and Abroad. London and Bristol: Sold by Messrs. Dilly, Button and Thomas and Brown, James and Cottle, 1797.

Robe, James. Narratives of the Extraordinary Work of the Spirit of God, at Cambuslang, Kilsyth, &c. Begun 1742. Glasgow: Printed by David Niven, 1790.

Robertson, William. The Situation of the World at the Time of Christ's Appearance. Edinburgh: Printed by Hamilton, Balfour and Neill, 1755.

Rush, Benjamin. Letters of Benjamin Rush. 2 vols. Edited by L.H. Butterfield. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1951.

Ryland, John Jr. Christ Manifested and Satan Frustrated. Northampton: Printed by Thomas Dicey and Col, 1782.

—— . Salvation Finished, as to Its Impetration, at the Death of Christ; and with Respect to Its Application, at the Death of the Christian. London: Sold by Matthews; Vernor; Ash; and Button, 1791.

Sandeman, Robert. Letters on Theron and Aspasio. 2 vols. Edinburgh: Published by printed by E. Farley, 1757.

Scott, Walter. Guy Mannering. London: Soho, 1987.

The Scots Magazine. 65 Vols., 1739–1803

Sellon, Walter. An Answer to Aspasio Vindicated in Eleven Letters: Said to be Wrote by the Late Rev. Mr. James Hervey. London: 1767.

Seneca, Lucius Annaeus. Letters from a Stoic. Translated by Robin Campbell. 1969. London: Penguin Books, 2004.

—— . “On Anger.” In Seneca: Moral and Political Essays. Edited and Translated by John M. Cooper and J. F. Procope. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995, 17–116.

—— . “On Mercy.” In Seneca: Moral and Political Essays. Edited and Translated by John M. Cooper and J. F. Procope. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995, 128–64.

Sinclair, John. The Statistical Account of Scotland. 21 vols. Edinburgh: Printed and sold by William Creech, 1791–99.

Taylor, John. “Key to the Apostolic Writings.” In A Paraphrase with Notes on the Epistle to the Romans. London: Printed and sold by J. Waugh, 1747, 11–142.

Temple, Anthony. Remarks on a Late Publication, Intitled, “A Scriptural Confutation of the Arguments against the One Godhead of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Produced (p.271) by the Reverend Mr. Lindsey, in His Late Apology. By a Layman.” In an Address to the Author. By a Member of the Church of Christ. York: Printed by C. Etherington, for John Bell, London, 1775.

Venema, Hermann. Institutes of Theology. Translated by Alex W. Brown. London: T & T Clark, 1850.

Warburton, William. The Divine Legation of Moses Demonstrated, on the Principles of a Religious Deist. Vol. 2. London: Printed for the Executor of the late Mr. Fletcher Gyles, 1742–58.

Webster, Alexander. Divine Influence: The True Spring of the Extraordinary Work at Cambuslang and Other Places in the West of Scotland. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Printed by T. Lumisden and J. Robertson, 1742.

—— . Zeal for the Civil and Religious Interests of Mankind Recommended. Edinburgh: Printed for W. Gray and W. Peter, 1754.

Wesley, Charles. The Journal of Charles Wesley. Edited by Thomas Jackson. 2 Vols. London: John Mason, 1849.

Wesley, John. An Answer to All That is Material in Letters Just Published, Under the Name of the Reverend Mr. Hervey. Bristol: Printed by William Pine, 1765.

—— . A Calm Address to Our American Colonies. Bristol: Printed by Bonner and Middleton, 1775.

—— . A Dialogue between a Predestinarian and His Friend. 2nd edition. London: Printed by W. Strahan, 1741.

—— . Free Grace: A Sermon Preach'd at Bristol. Bristol: Printed by S. and F. Farley, 1739.

—— . The Journal of the Rev. John Wesley, A. M. Edited by Nehemiah Curnock. 8 Vols. London: Epworth Press, 1938.

—— . The Letters of the Rev. John Wesley, A.M. 8 vols. Edited by John Telford. London: The Epworth Press, 1931.

—— . “A Plain Account of Genuine Christianity, 1753.” In John and Charles Wesley: Selected Prayers, Hymns, Journal Notes, Sermons, Letters and Treatises, edited by Frank Whaling. New York: Paulist Press, 1981, 121–33.

—— . A Preservative against Unsettled Religions Notions. Bristol: Printed by E. Farley, 1758.

—— . The Scripture Doctrine Concerning Predestination, Election and Reprobation. London: Printed by W. Strahan, 1741.

—— . Some Observations on Liberty: Occasioned by a Late Tract. Edinburgh: Printed in the year, 1776.

—— . Some Remarks on a Defence of the Preface to the Edinburgh Edition of Aspasio Vindicated. Edinburgh: Printed by Auld and Smellie, 1766.

Whitby, Daniel. A Paraphrase and Commentary on the New Testament. 2 vols. 5th ed. London: Printed for A. Bettesworth, W. Mears, W. and J. Innys, J. Batley, A. Ward, T. Ward, J. Clarke, F. Jackson, and S. Billingsley, 1727.

Whitefield, George. A Select Collection of Letters of the Late Reverend George Whitefield. 3 vols. London: Printed for Edward and Charles Dilly, 1772.

Witherspoon, John. “An Address to the Natives of Scotland Residing in America.” Scots Magazine 39 (March 1777): 113–20.

(p.272) Witherspoon, John. Ecclesiastical Characteristics. Fourth ed. Glasgow: Printed in the year, 1755.

—— . “On Ministerial Character and Duty.” In Select Discourses from the American Preacher by Some of the Most Eminent Evangelical Ministers in the United States. Edited by John Erskine. Edinburgh: Printed by Adam Neill, 1796, 1–14.

Early Biographies and Memoirs

Anon. The Life and Times of Selina, Countess of Huntingdon. 2 vols. London: William Edward Painter, Strand, 1844.

Bradford, Alden. Memoir of the Life and Writings of Rev. Jonathan Mayhew, D.D., Pastor of the West Church and Society in Boston, from June, 1747, to July, 1766. Boston: C. C. Little, 1838.

Burton, John Hill. The Life and Correspondence of David Hume. 2 vols. Edinburgh: W. Tait, 1846.

Carlyle, Alexander. Anecdotes and Characters of the Times. Edited by James Kinsley. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973.

—— . The Autobiography of Dr. Alexander Carlyle of Inveresk. Edited by John Hill Burton. Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1861.

Carus, William, ed. Memoirs of the Life of the Rev. Charles Simeon, Late Senior Fellow of King's College, and Minister of Trinity Church, Cambridge, with a Selection from His Writings and Correspondence. New York: Robert Carter, 1847.

Cockburn, Henry. Memorials of His Time. Edinburgh: D. Appleton & Company, 1856.

Constable, Archibald. Archibald Constable and His Literary Correspondents: A Memorial by His Son Thomas Constable. Vol. 1. Edited by Thomas Constable. Edinburgh: Edmonston and Douglas, 1873.

Davies, Samuel. The Reverend Samuel Davies Abroad: The Diary of a Journey to England and Scotland, 1753–55. Edited by George William Pilcher. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1967.

Dwight, Sereno Edwards. Life of President Edwards. New York: G. & C. & H. Carvill, 1830.

Fergusson, Alexander. The Honourable Henry Erskine: Lord Advocate for Scotland with Notices of Certain of His Kinsfolk and of His Time. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood & Sons, 1882.

Gunn, Alexander. Memoirs of the Rev. John Henry Livingston, D.D., First Professor of Theology in the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church in North-America. New York: Board of Publication of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, 1856.

Haldane, Alexander. Memoirs of the Lives of Robert Haldane of Airthrey, and of His Brother, James Alexander Haldane. New York: Robert Carter & Brothers, 1853.

Hill, John. An Account of the Life and Writings of Hugh Blair, D. D. Edinburgh: J. Ballantyne and, 1807.

Lockhart, John Gibson. The Life of Sir Walter Scott. 5 Vols. Edinburgh: T. and A. Constable, 1902.

McClure, David, and Elijah Parish. Memoirs of the Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, D.D., Founder and President of Dartmouth College and Moor's Charity School; with a Summary History of the College and School. Newburyport: Edward Little &, 1811.

(p.273) Miller, Samuel. Memoir of the Rev. Charles Nisbet, D.D., Late President of Dickinson College, Carlisle. New York: Robert Carter, 1840.

—— . Memoirs of the Rev. John Rodgers, D.D., Late Pastor of the Wall-Street and Brick Churches in the City of New-York. New York: Whiting and Watson, 1813.

Moncreiff Wellwood, Sir Henry. Account of the Life and Writings of John Erskine, D. D., Late One of the Ministers of Edinburgh. Edinburgh: Archibald Constable and Company, 1818.

Morris, J. W. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of the Rev. Andrew Fuller, Late Pastor of the Baptist Church at Kettering, and Secretary to the Baptist Missionary Society. London: T. Hamilton, 1816.

Philip, Robert. The Life, Times, and Missionary Enterprises, of the Rev. John Campbell. London: John Snow, 1841.

Ramsay, John. Scotland and Scotsmen in the Eighteenth Century. 2 Vols. Edited by Alexander Allardyce. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1888.

Rush, Benjamin. The Autobiography of Benjamin Rush: His “Travels Through Life” Together with His Commonplace Book for 1789–1813. Edited by George W. Corner. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1948.

Ryland, John. The Character of the Rev. James Hervey. London: W. Justins, 1790.

—— . Pastoral Memorials: Selected from the Manuscripts of the Late Revd. John Ryland, D. D. of Bristol: With a Memoir of the Author in Two Volumes. London: B. J. Holdsworth, 1826–28.

—— . The Works of Faith and Love, and the Patience of Hope, Illustrated; in the Life and Death of the Rev. Andrew Fuller. Charlestown: Samuel Etheridge, 1818.

Somerville, Thomas. My Own Life and Times, 1741–1814. Edinburgh: Edmonston & Douglas, 1861.

Sparks, Jared. Lives of Jonathan Edwards and David Brainerd. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1817.

Sprague, William B. The Life of Jedidiah Morse, D.D. New York: Anson D. F. Randolph & Company, 1874.

Stewart, Dugald. Biographical Memoirs, of Adam Smith, LL. D. of William Robertson, D. D. and of Thomas Reid, D. D. Read Before the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Edinburgh: W. Creech, Bell and Bradfute, 1811.

Stiles, Ezra. The Literary Diary of Ezra Stiles, D.D., LL.D., President of Yale College. Vol. 3. Edited by Franklin Bowditch Dexter. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1901.

Catalogues of Books for Sale

Bell & Bradfute. A Catalogue of Books for the Year M.CDD.XCVI. Edinburgh, 1796.

Bent, William. A General Catalogue of Books in All Languages, Arts, and Sciences, That Have Been Printed in Great Britain, and Published in London, since the Year M. DCC. To the Present Time. London, 1799.

Bernard, Thomas. A Catalogue of Books, Being a Select and Valuable Collection Both Antient and Modern. London, 1788.

(p.274) Binns, John. A Catalogue of Books, for 1797, Containing Several Valuable Libraries. Leeds, 1797.

—— . A Catalogue of Books, Containing Several Valuable Libraries, Lately Purchased, with a Large and Good Collection of Modern New Books, in Various Languages, Arts, Sciences, &c. Leeds, 1789.

Cater, William. A Select Catalogue of Books, Containing the Best and Scarcest Articles in Every Class of Literature, in Fine Preservation, and Many in Elegant Bindings. London, 1785.

Chapman, Henry. A Catalogue of Books, for 1793. London, 1793.

Christopher, Robert. A Catalogue of Books, Consisting of Near Ten Thousand Volumes, in Various Languages, Arts, and Sciences. Stockton, 1783.

Creech, William. A Catalogue of Books, Ancient and Modern Containing the Works of the Principal Authors, and the Best Editions; and Particularly, a Large and Valuable Collection of French Literature. Edinburgh: William Creech, 1793.

Cuthell, John. A Catalogue of Books for the Year 1800, in Various Languages and Classes of Literature, on Sale for Ready Money . London, 1800.

Davies, Thomas. A Catalogue of Valuable and Curious Books. London, 1771.

Dilly, Charles. A Catalogue of Books Printed for, and Sold by Charles Dilly, in London. London: Charles Dilly, 1787.

Edwards, James. A Catalogue of Books, in All Languages, and in Every Branch of Literature. London, 1796.

Egerton, John. A Catalogue of Books, for MDCCXCIII. London, 1793.

Egerton, Thomas, and John Egerton. A Catalogue of Books, Including the Libraries of the Rev. Robert Markham,…William Pagitt,…Which Are Now Selling. London, 1788.

Gray, William. A Catalogue of Books in History, Law, Physic and Divinity. Edinburgh, 1778.

Hayes, Samuel. A Catalogue of Books, in Various Languages, Arts and Sciences, Containing Several Entire Libraries Very Lately Purchased, Including a Good Collection of Classics, Law Books, and Fugitive Tracts. London, 1782.

—— . A Catalogue of Books, Consisting of a Great Variety of Curious Articles Lately Imported from the Continent. London, 1792.

King, Thomas. A Catalogue of Books; Containing Many Valuable and Rare Articles in Ancient and Modern Literature. London, 1788.

—— . A Catalogue of Books, Containing Many Valuable Articles, in Ancient and Modern Literature. London, 1792.

Lackington, James. Second Volume of Lackington's Catalogue for 1793. London, 1793.

Laing, William. A Catalogue of Books for the Year 1803, in Various Languages and Classes of Literature on Sale, for Ready Money, by W. Laing, no 49 South Bridge Street, East Side. Edinburgh, 1803.

Lowndes, Thomas. T. Lowndes's Catalogue for 1778. London, 1778.

Lowndes, William. A Catalogue of Books for the Year 1794 Comprising an Assortment of the Most Useful Articles in Every Branch of Literature. London, 1794.

Pridden, John. Pridden's Catalogue for 1784. London, 1784.

(p.275) Shepperson and Reynolds. A Catalogue of Scarce and Valuable Books (Recently Purchased), Comprising a General Assortment of Ancient and Modern Literature. London, 1791.

Vernor, T. T. Vernor's Catalogue, for 1789. London, 1789.

Wagstaff, George. Wagstaff's Summer Catalogue of Rare Books. London, 1773.

Walker, John. A Catalogue of Books, Including the Libraries of Israel Mauduit, Esq. Rev. Mr. Forster, Harleston, Suffolk; William Frederick Glover, Esq. Late Surgeon of the East Essex Militia. London, 1778.

Secondary Sources

Theses

Clark, Ian D. L. “Moderates and the Moderate Party in the Church of Scotland, 1752–1805.” Ph.D. diss., University of Cambridge, 1963.

Currie, David Alan. “The Growth of Evangelicalism in the Church of Scotland, 1793–1843.” Ph.D. diss., University of St Andrews, 1990.

Durden (O'Brien), Diane Susan. “Transatlantic Communications and Literature in the Religious Revivals, 1735–1745.” Ph.D. diss., University of Hull, 1978.

McCain, Charles Rodgers. “Preaching in Eighteenth Century Scotland: A Comparative Study of the Extant Sermons of Ralph Erskine (1685–1752), John Erskine (1721–1803), and Hugh Blair (1718–1800).” Ph.D. diss., University of Edinburgh, 1949.

Merikoski, Ingrid Ann. “Christian Stoicism and Politeness: The Making of the Social Ethics of the Scottish Enlightenment.” Ph.D. diss., University of Edinburgh, 1999.

Mitchell, Christopher Wayne. “Jonathan Edwards's Scottish Connection and the Eighteenth-Century Scottish Evangelical Revival, 1735–1750.” Ph.D. diss., University of St. Andrews, 1997.

Sefton, Henry R. “The Early Development of Moderatism in the Church of Scotland.” Ph.D. diss., University of Glasgow, 1962.

Woodruff, Stephen Albert. “The Pastoral Ministry in the Church of Scotland in the Eighteenth Century, with Special Reference to Thomas Boston, John Willison and John Erskine.” Ph.D. diss., University of Edinburgh, 1965.

published works

Adams, Ian, and Meredyth Somerville. Cargoes of Despair and Hope: Scottish Emigration to North America, 1603–1803. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1993.

Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People. 2nd ed. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2004.

—— . “The Scottish Philosophy and American Theology.” Church History 24 (1955): 257–72.

Akers, Charles W. Called unto Liberty: A Life of Jonathan Mayhew, 1720–1766. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964.

Allan, David. Philosophy and Politics in Later Stuart Scotland: Neo-Stoicism, Culture and Ideology in an Age of Crisis, 1540–1690. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 2000.

(p.276) Allan, David. “Reconciliation and Retirement in the Restoration Scottish Church: The Neo-Stoicism of Robert Leighton.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 50 (1999): 251–78.

—— . Scotland in the Eighteenth Century. Edinburgh: Pearson Education, 2002.

—— . Virtue, Learning and the Scottish Enlightenment: Ideas of Scholarship in Early Modern History. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1993.

Allison, C. F. The Rise of Moralism: The Proclamation of the Gospel from Hooker to Baxter. 1966. Vancouver, B. C.: Regent College Publishing, 2003.

Amory, Hugh, and David H. Hall, eds. A History of the Book in America: Volume 1: The Colonial Book in the Atlantic World. (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.)

Annas, Julia. “Stoic Epistemology.” In Epistemology, edited by Stephen Everson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990, 184–203.

Anson, Peter F. Underground Catholicism in Scotland, 1622–1878. Montrose: Standard Press, 1970.

Baldwin, Ebenezer. Annals of Yale College, from Its Foundation, to the Year 1831. 2nd ed. New Haven: B. & W. Noyes, 1838.

Barney, Rachel. “A Puzzle in Stoic Ethics.” In Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, edited by David Sedley. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003, 303–40.

Bebbington, David. Victorian Nonconformity. Bangor: Headstart History Papers, 1992.

—— . “Evangelical Christianity and the Enlightenment.” Crux 25 (1989): 29–36.

—— . Evangelicalism in Modern Britain: A History from the 1730s to the 1980s. London: Routledge, 1993.

—— . “Evangelicalism in Modern Britain and America.” In Amazing Grace: Evangelicalism in Australia, Britain, Canada, and the United States, edited by George A Rawlyk and Mark A. Noll. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1993, 183–212.

—— . “Evangelicalism in Modern Scotland.” Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology 9 (1991): 4–12.

—— . “Remembered Around the World: The International Scope of Edwards's Legacy.” In Jonathan Edwards at Home and Abroad: Historical Memories, Cultural Movements, Global Horizons, edited by David W. Kling and Douglas A. Sweeney. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2003, 177–200.

—— . “The Reputation of Edwards Abroad.” In Cambridge Companion to Jonathan Edwards, edited by Stephen J. Stein. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, 239–61.

—— . “Revival and Enlightenment in Eighteenth-Century England.” In On Revival: A Critical Examination, edited by Andrew Walker and Kristin Aune. Carlisle: Paternoster Press, 2003, 71–86.

Beck, Lewis White. Early German Philosophy: Kant and His Predecessors. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1969.

Becker, George. “Pietism's Confrontation with Enlightenment Rationalism: An Examination of the Relation between Ascetic Protestantism and Science.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 30 (1991): 139–58.

Becker, Lawrence C. A New Stoicism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.

(p.277) Beiser, Frederick C. The Sovereignty of Reason: The Defense of Rationality in the Early English Enlightenment. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Bell, Whitfield J. “Scottish Emigration to America: A Letter of Dr. Charles Nisbet to John Witherspoon, 1784.” William and Mary Quarterly 11 (1954): 276–89.

Bellesheim, Alphons. History of the Catholic Church of Scotland: From the Introduction of Christianity to the Present Day. Vol. 4. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1890.

Beveridge, David. Culross and Tulliallan: Or Perthshire on Forth: Its History and Antiquities. 2 vols. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1885.

Bien, David D. “Religious Persecution in the French Enlightenment.” Church History 30 (1961): 325–33.

Blaikie, William Garden. The Preachers of Scotland from the Sixth to the Nineteenth Century: Twelfth Series of the Cunningham Lectures. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1888.

Blom, Hans W., and Laurens C. Winkel, eds. Grotius and the Stoa. Netherlands: Royal Van Gorcum, 2004.

Blondel, Maurice. “What is Faith?” Communio 14 (1987): 162–92.

Bower, Alexander. A History of the University of Edinburgh. 3 vols. Edinburgh: Waugh & Innes, 1817–30.

Boyer, Ernest. “Schleiermacher, Shaftesbury, and the German Enlightenment.” Harvard Theological Review 96 (2003): 181–204.

Bracken, James K., and Joel Silver, eds. The British Literary Book Trade, 1700–1820. Vol. 154 of Dictionary of Literary Biography. Detroit: Gayle Research, 1995.

Bradley, James E. “The British Public and the American Revolution: Ideology, Interest and Opinion.” In Britain and the American Revolution, edited by H.T. Dickinson. London: Longman, 1998, 124–54.

Bradley, James E., and Dale K. Van Kley, eds. Religion and Politics in Enlightenment Europe. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2001.

Broadie, Alexander. The Scottish Enlightenment: The Historical Age of the Historical Nation. Edinburgh: Birlinn, 2001.

Brooke, John Hedley. “Science and Theology in the Enlightenment.” In Religion and Science: History, Method, Dialogue, edited by W. Mark Richardson and Wesley J. Wildman. London: Routledge, 1996, 7–27.

Brouwer, Rene. “Sagehood and the Stoics.” In Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, edited by David Sedley. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, 181–224.

Brown, Callum G. “Religion.” In Modern Scottish History: 1707 to the Present, edited by Anthony Cooke, Ian Donnachie, Anne MacSween, and Christopher Whatley. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1998, 63–85.

—— . “Religion and Social Change.” In People and Society in Scotland, edited by T. M. Devine and Rosalind Mitchison. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1988, 143–62.

—— . Religion and Society in Scotland Since 1707. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1997.

Brown, J. Irwin. Short Sketch of the History of the Scotch Church, Rotterdam. Rotterdam: Gebr. Tuinzing, 1903.

(p.278) Brown, Stewart J. “William Robertson (1721–1793) and the Scottish Enlightenment.” In William Robertson and the Expansion of the Empire, edited by Stewart J. Brown. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997, 7–35.

Brown, W. E. M. “Hervey: A Study of an Eighteenth-Century Ideal.” In The Polished Shaft: Studies in the Purpose and Influence of the Christian Writer in the Eighteenth Century. London: S.P.C.K., 1950, 3–62.

Buckroyd, Julia. Church and State in Scotland 1660–1681. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1980.

Bumsted, J. M. The People's Clearance: Highland Emigration to British North America, 1770–1815. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1982.

Butler, D. John Wesley and George Whitefield in Scotland. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1898.

Butt, John. “The Scottish Cotton Industry during the Industrial Revolution, 1780–1840.” In Comparative Aspects of Scottish and Irish Economic and Social History: 1600–1900, edited by L. M. Cullen and T. C. Smout. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1977, 116–28.

Butterfield, L. H. “The American Interests in the Firm of E. and C. Dilly, with Their Letters to Benjamin Rush, 1770–1795.” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 45 (1951): 283–332.

—— . John Witherspoon Comes to America. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1953.

Callahan, William J., and David Higgs, eds. Church and Society in Catholic Europe of the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Cameron, James K. “Theological Controversy: A Factor in the Origins of the Scottish Enlightenment.” In The Origins and Nature of the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by R. H. Campbell and Andrew S. Skinner. 1982. Edinburgh: John Donald, 2003, 116–30.

Cameron, Nigel M. de S., David F. Wright, David C. Lachman, and Donald E. Meek, eds. Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1993.

Camic, Charles. Experience and Enlightenment: Socialization for Cultural Change in Eighteenth-Century Scotland. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1983.

Campbell, R. H. “An Economic History of Scotland in the Eighteenth Century.” Scottish Journal of Political Economy 11 (1964): 17–24.

—— . “The Enlightenment and the Economy.” In The Origins and Nature of the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by R. H. Campbell and Andrew S. Skinner. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1982, 8–25.

—— . “The Industrial Revolution: A Revision Article.” Scottish Historical Review 46 (1967): 37–55.

—— . “The Landed Classes.” In People and Society in Scotland, edited by T. M. Devine and Rosalind Mitchison. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1988, 91–108.

—— . Scotland since 1707: The Rise of an Industrial Society. Oxford: Blackwell, 1965.

—— . “The Scottish Improvers and the Course of Agrarian Change in the Eighteenth Century.” In Comparative Aspects of Scottish and Irish Economic and Social History: 1600–1900, edited by L. M. Cullen and T. C. Smout. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1977, 204–15.

(p.279) Campbell, Ted A. “Evangelical Institutionalization and Evangelical Sectarianism in Early Nineteenth-Century Britain and America.” In Amazing Grace: Evangelicalism in Australia, Britain, Canada, and the United States, edited by George A Rawlyk and Mark A. Noll. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1993, 108–23.

Cannon, John, ed. The Oxford Companion to British History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.

—— . “The Loss of America.” In Britain and the American Revolution, edited by H. T. Dickinson. London: Longman, 1998, 233–57.

—— . Parliamentary Reform, 1640–1832. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.

Carter, Ian. “Marriage Patterns and Social Sectors in Scotland Before the Eighteenth Century.” Scottish Studies 17 (1973): 51–60.

Chambers, Robert, ed. A Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen. Glasgow: Blackie & Son, 1870.

Champion, L. G. “The Letters of John Newton to John Ryland.” Baptist Quarterly 27 (1977): 157–63.

Chappell, Vere. “Locke's Theory of Ideas.” In The Cambridge Companion to Locke, edited by Vere Chappell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994, 26–55.

Chitnis, Anand C. “Provost Drummond and the Origins of Edinburgh Medicine.” In The Origins and Nature of the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by R. H. Campbell and Andrew S. Skinner. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1982, 86–97.

—— . The Scottish Enlightenment: A Social History. London: Croom Helm, 1976.

Christie, Ian R. “The Changing Nature of Parliamentary Politics, 1742–1789.” In British Politics and Society from Walpole to Pitt, 1742–1789, edited by Jeremy Black. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990, 101–22.

—— . “Conservatism and Stability in British Society.” In The French Revolution and British Popular Politics, edited by Mark Philp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991, 169–87.

—— . Stress and Stability in Late Eighteenth-Century Britain: Reflections on the British Avoidance of Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Clark, Arthur Melville. Sir Walter Scott: The Formative Years. William Blackwood: Edinburgh and London, 1969.

Clark, J. C. D. English Society, 1688–1832: Ideology, Social Structure and Political Practice During the Ancien Regime. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

—— . The Language of Liberty, 1660–1832: Political Discourse and Social Dynamics in the Anglo-American World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Clifford, Alan C. Atonement and Justification: English Evangelical Theology, 1640–1790: An Evaluation. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990.

—— . “The Christian Mind of Philip Doddridge (1702–1751): The Gospel According to an Evangelical Congregationalist.” Evangelical Quarterly 56 (1984): 227–42.

—— . The Good Doctor: Philip Doddridge of Northampton: A Tercentenary Tribute. Norwich: Charenton, 2002.

Cokayne, George E. Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant. 8 Vols. London: G. Bell & Sons, 1887–98.

(p.280) Coffey, John. “Puritanism, Evangelicalism and the Evangelical Protestant Tradition.” In The Emergence of Evangelicalism: Exploring Historical Continuities, edited by Michael A. Haykin and Kenneth J. Stewart. Nottingham: Apollos, 2008, 252–77.

Colley, Linda. “The Apotheosis of George III: Loyalty, Propaganda and the British Nation, 1760–1820.” Past and Present 102 (1984): 94–129.

—— . Britons: Forging the Nation, 1707–1837. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1992.

—— . “Whose Nation? Class and National Consciousness in Britain, 1750–1830.” Past and Present 133 (1986): 97–117.

Collins, Varnum Lansing. President Witherspoon: A Biography. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969.

Conforti, Joseph A. Samuel Hopkins and the New Divinity Movement. Grand Rapids: Christian University Press, 1981.

—— . “Samuel Hopkins and the New Divinity: Theology, Ethics, and Social Reform in Eighteenth-Century New England.” William and Mary Quarterly 34 (1977): 572–89.

Conway, Stephen. “British Governments and the Conduct of the American War.” In Britain and the American Revolution, edited by H. T. Dickinson. London: Longman, 1998, 155–79.

Cookson, J.E. The Friends of Peace: Anti-War Liberalism in England, 1793–1815. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Cooper, John M. Knowledge, Nature, and the Good: Essays on Ancient Philosophy. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Cosh, Mary. Edinburgh: The Golden Age. Edinburgh: John Donald. 2003.

Cottrell, Stella. “The Devil on Two Sticks: Franco-Phobia in 1803.” In Patriotism: The Making and Unmaking of British National Identity, edited by R. Samuel. London: Routledge, 1989, 259–74.

Cowan, Ian B. The Scottish Covenanters, 1660–1688. London: Victor Gollancz, 1976.

—— . The Scottish Reformation: Church and Society in Sixteenth Century Scotland. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1982.

Cragg, G. R. From Puritanism to the Age of Reason: A Study of Changes in Religious Thought within the Church of England, 1660 to 1700. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1950.

Craig, Charlotte M. “Nicolai and the Occult.” In Subversive Sublimities: Undercurrents of the German Enlightenment, edited by Eitel Timm. Columbia, Camden House, 1992, 70–5.

Crawford, Michael J. “New England and the Scottish Religious Revivals in 1742.” American Presbyterian 69 (1991): 23–32.

—— . Seasons of Grace: Colonial New England's Revival Tradition in Its British Context. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Cregeen, Eric. “The Changing Role of the House of Argyll in the Scottish Highlands.” In Scotland in the Age of Improvement, edited by N. T. Phillipson and Rosalind Mitchison. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1970, 5–23.

Cross, Anthony R. “The Evangelical Sacrament: baptisma semper reformandum,” Evangelical Quarterly 80 (2008), 195–217.

(p.281) Cullen, L. M., T. C. Smout, and A. Gibson. “Wages and Comparative Development in Ireland and Scotland, 1565–1780.” In Economy and Society in Scotland and Ireland, 1500–1939, edited by Rosalind Mitchison and Peter Roebuck. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1988, 105–16.

Culross, James. The Three Rylands: A Hundred Years of Various Christian Service. London: Elliot Stock, 1897.

Cunningham, Andrew S. Culross: Past and Present and Torryburn and Valleyfield. Leven: Perves & Cunningham, 1910.

—— . Romantic Culross, Torryburn, Carnock, Cairneyhill, Saline and Pitfirrane. Dunfermline: W. Clark & Son, 1902.

D'Elia, Donald J. “Benjamin Rush: Philosopher of the American Revolution.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 64 (1974): 1–113.

Daiches, David. “The Scottish Enlightenment.” In The Scottish Enlightenment, 1730–1790: A Hotbed of Genius, edited by David Daiches, Peter Jones, and Jean Jones. Edinburgh: The Saltire Society, 1986, 1–42.

Darnton, Robert. George Washington's False Teeth: An Unconventional Guide to the Eighteenth Century. New York and London: W. W. Norton, 2003.

Darragh, James. The Catholic Hierarchy of Scotland: A Biographical List, 1653–1985. Glasgow: John S. Burns & Sons, 1986.

—— . “The Catholic Population of Scotland since the Year 1680.” Innes Review 4 (1953): 49–59.

Davies, Horton. Worship and Theology in England: From Watts and Wesley to Martineau, 1690–1900. 1961–75. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1996.

Deconinck-Brossard, Françoise. “The Art of Preaching.” In Preaching, Sermon and Cultural Change in the Long Eighteenth Century, edited by Joris van Eijnatten. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2009, 95–130.

De Jong, James A. “John Erskine: A Scottish Footnote to the American Revolution.” Pro Rege 5 (1979): 18–28.

Derry, John. “Government Policy and the American Crisis, 1760–1776.” In Britain and the American Revolution, edited by H. T. Dickinson. London: Longman, 1998, 44–63.

—— . “The Opposition Whigs and the French Revolution, 1789–1815.” In Britain and the French Revolution, 1789–1815, edited by H. T. Dickinson. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1989, 39–60.

Devine, T. M. “Colonial Commerce and the Scottish Economy, c. 1730–1815.” In Comparative Aspects of Scottish and Irish Economic and Social History: 1600–1900, edited by L. M. Cullen and T. C. Smout. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1977, 177–90.

—— . “An Eighteenth-Century Business Elite: Glasgow-West India Merchants, c.1750–1815.” Scottish Historical Review 57 (1978): 40–67.

—— . “The Failure of Radical Reform in Scotland in the Late Eighteenth Century: The Social and Economic Context.” In Conflict and Stability in Scottish Society, 1700–1850: Proceedings of the Scottish Historical Studies Seminar, University of Strathclyde, 1988–89, edited by T. M. Devine. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1990, 51–64.

(p.282) Devine, T. M. “Glasgow Merchants and the Collapse of the Tobacco Trade 1775–1783.” Scottish Historical Review 52 (1973): 50–74.

—— . “Highland Migration to Lowland Scotland, 1760–1860.” The Scottish Historical Review 62 (1983): 137–49.

—— . “The Merchant Class of the Larger Scottish Towns in the Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth Centuries.” In Scottish Urban History, edited by George Gordon and Brian Dicks. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1983, 92–111.

—— . “The Scottish Merchant Community, 1680–1740.” In The Origins and Nature of the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by R. H. Campbell and Andrew S. Skinner. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1982, 26–41.

—— . The Scottish Nation: 1700–2000. London: The Penguin Press, 1999.

—— . The Tobacco Lords: A Study of the Tobacco Merchants of Glasgow and Their Trading Activities c. 1740–90. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1975.

—— . The Transformation of Rural Scotland: Social Change and the Agrarian Economy, 1660–1815. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1999.

—— . “Unrest and Stability in Rural Ireland and Scotland, 1760–1840.” In Economy and Society in Scotland and Ireland, 1500–1939, edited by Rosalind Mitchison and Peter Roebuck. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1988, 126–39.

—— . “Urbanisation.” In People and Society in Scotland, edited by T. M. Devine and Rosalind Mitchison. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1988, 27–52.

Dickinson, H. T. “Britain's Imperial Sovereignty: The Ideological Case Against the American Colonists.” In Britain and the American Revolution, edited by H. T. Dickinson. London: Longman, 1998, 64–96.

—— . “The British Constitution.” In A Companion to Eighteenth-Century Britain, edited by H. T. Dickinson. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002, 3–18.

—— . “The Eighteenth-Century Debate on the Glorious Revolution.” History 61 (1976): 28–45.

—— . “The Eighteenth-Century Debate on the Sovereignty of Parliament.” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 25 (1976): 189–210.

—— . “Introduction: The Impact on Britain of the French Revolution and the French Wars, 1789–1815.” In Britain and the French Revolution, 1789–1815, edited by H. T. Dickinson. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1989, 1–20.

—— . Liberty and Property: Political Ideology in Eighteenth-Century Britain. London: Methuen, 1977.

—— . The Politics of the People in Eighteenth-Century Britain. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995.

—— . “Popular Loyalism in Britain in the 1790s.” In The Transformation of Political Culture: England and Germany in the Late Eighteenth Century, edited by Eckhart Hellmuth. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990, 503–34.

—— . “Radicals and Reformers in the Age of Wilkes and Wyvill.” In British Politics and Society from Walpole to Pitt, 1742–1789, edited by Jeremy Black. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990, 123–46.

—— . “‘The Friends of America’: British Sympathy with the American Revolution.” In Radicalism and Revolution in Britain, 1775–1848, edited by Michael T. Davis. London: Macmillan Press, 2000, 1–29.

(p.283) Dickson, A., and W. Speirs. “Changes in Class Structure in Paisley, 1750–1845.” Scottish Historical Review 59 (1980): 54–72.

Dickson, David. The Sum of Saving Knowledge. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1886.

Dingwall, Helen M. A History of Scottish Medicine: Themes and Influences. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2003.

—— . Late Seventeenth-Century Edinburgh: A Demographic Study. Aldershot: Scholar Press, 1994.

Dinwiddy, John. “England.” In Nationalism in the Age of the French Revolution, edited by Otto Dann and John Dinwiddy. London and Ronceverte: Hambledon Press, 1988, 53–70.

—— . “Interpretations of Anti-Jacobitism.” In The French Revolution and British Popular Politics, edited by Mark Philp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991, 38–49.

Ditchfield, G. M. The Evangelical Revival. London: Routledge, 2003.

—— . George III: An Essay in Monarchy. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

Dixon, James. “Methodism in the Scottish Capital.” Methodist Review 89 (1907): 195–202.

Dodgshon, Robert A. From Chiefs to Landlords: Social and Economic Change in the Western Highlands and Islands, c.1493–1820. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1998.

Donaldson, Gordon, general editor. Scotland: James V – James VII. 1965. The Edinburgh History of Scotland. Edinburgh: Mercat Press, 1994.

—— . “Covenant to Revolution.” In Studies in the History of Worship in Scotland, edited by Duncan Forrester and Douglas Murray. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1984, 52–64.

—— . The Faith of the Scots. London: B. T. Batsford, 1990.

—— . “Reformation to Covenant.” In Studies in the History of Worship in Scotland, edited by Duncan Forrester and Douglas Murray. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1984, 33–51.

—— . Scottish Church History. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1985.

—— . The Scottish Reformation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960.

Donaldson, Gordon, and Robert S. Morpeth. Who's Who in Scottish History. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1973.

Donovan, Robert Kent. “Evangelical Civic Humanism in Glasgow: The American War Sermons of William Thom.” In The Glasgow Enlightenment, edited by Andrew Hook and Richard B. Sher. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1995, 227–45.

—— . No Popery and Radicalism: Opposition to Roman Catholic Relief in Scotland, 1778–1782. New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1987.

—— . “The Popular Party of the Church of Scotland and the American Revolution.” In Scotland and America in the Age of Enlightenment, edited by Richard B. Sher and Jeffrey R. Smitten. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990, 81–99.

—— . “Voices of Distrust: The Expression of Anti-Catholic Feeling in Scotland, 1778–1781.” Innes Review 30 (1979): 62–76.

Dreyer, Frederick. “Faith and Experience in the Thought of John Wesley.” American Historical Review 88 (1983): 12–30.

(p.284) Drummond, Andrew L. The Kirk and the Continent. Edinburgh: The Saint Andrew Press, 1956.

Drummond, Andrew L., and James Bulloch. The Scottish Church 1688–1843: The Age of the Moderates. Edinburgh: The Saint Andrew Press, 1973.

Duckham, Baron F. A History of the Scottish Coal Industry, Volume 1: 1700–1815: A Social and Industrial History. Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1970.

—— . “Life and Labour in a Scottish Colliery 1698–1755.” Scottish Historical Review 47 (1968): 109–28.

Dunn, John. “From Applied Theology to Social Analysis: The Break between John Locke and the Scottish Enlightenment.” In Wealth and Virtue: The Shaping of Political Economy in the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by Istvan Hont and Michael Ignatieff. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983, 119–35.

Dupré, Louis. The Enlightenment and the Intellectual Foundations of Modern Culture. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2004.

Durie, Alastair J. The Scottish Linen Industry in the Eighteenth Century. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1979.

—— . “The Scottish Linen Industry in the Eighteenth Century; Some Aspects of Expansion.” In Comparative Aspects of Scottish and Irish Economic and Social History: 1600–1900, edited by L. M. Cullen and T. C. Smout. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1977, 88–99.

Dwyer, John. The Age of the Passions: An Interpretation of Adam Smith and the Scottish Enlightenment Culture. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1998.

—— . Virtuous Discourse: Sensibility and Community in Late Eighteenth-Century Scotland. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1987.

Dybikowski, James. “The Critique of Christianity.” In The Enlightenment World, edited by Martin Fitzpatrick, Peter Jones, Christa Knellwolf, and Ian McCalman. London and New York: Routledge, 2007, 41–56.

Eastwood, David. “Local Government and Local Society.” In A Companion to Eighteenth-Century Britain, edited by H. T. Dickinson. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002, 40–54.

—— . “Patriotism and the English State in the 1790s.” In The French Revolution and British Popular Politics, edited by Mark Philp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991, 146–68.

Eisenhart, Luther P. “Walter Minto and the Earl of Buchan.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 94 (1950): 282–96.

Ella, George M. James Hervey: Preacher of Righteousness. Durham: Go Publications, 1997.

Elliott, Marianne. “Ireland and the French Revolution.” In Britain and the French Revolution, 1789–1815, H.T. Dickinson. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1989, 83–102.

Elwell, Walter A., ed. Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1984.

Emerson, Roger L. “The Context of the Scottish Enlightenment.” In The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by Alexander Broadie. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003, 9–30.

(p.285) —— . “Politics and the Glasgow Professors, 1690–1800.” In The Glasgow Enlightenment, edited by Andrew Hook and Richard B. Sher. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1995, 21–39.

—— . “Science and Moral Philosophy in the Scottish Enlightenment.” In Studies in the Philosophy of the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by M. A. Stewart. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990, 11–36.

—— . “The Scottish Literati and America, 1680–1800.” In Nation and Province in the First British Empire: Scotland and the Americas, 1600–1800, edited by Ned C. Landsman. Lewisburg and London: Bucknell University Press and Associated University Presses, 2001, 183–220.

—— . “Scottish Universities in the Eighteenth Century, 1690–1800.” Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century 168 (1977): 453–73.

Emerton, Norma. “The Argument from Design in Early Modern Natural Theology.” Science and Christian Belief 1 (1989): 129–47.

Emsley, Clive. British Society and the French Wars, 1793–1815. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1979.

Engberg-Pedersen, Troels. “Stoicism in the Apostle Paul: A Philosophical Reading.” In Stoicism: Traditions and Transformations, edited by Steven K. Strange and Jack Zupko. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, 52–75.

Fagerstrom, Dalphy I. “Scottish Opinion and the American Revolution.” William and Mary Quarterly 11 (1954): 252–75.

Fawcett, Arthur. The Cambuslang Revival: The Scottish Evangelical Revival of the Eighteenth Century. London: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1971.

Fenton, Alexander. The Northern Isles: Orkney and Shetland. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1978.

Ferguson, William. Scotland: 1689 to the Present. 1965. The Edinburgh History of Scotland. Edinburgh: Mercat Press, 1994.

—— . Scotland: 1689 to the Present. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd, 1968.

Ferm, Robert L. A Colonial Pastor: Jonathan Edwards the Younger: 1745–1801. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1976.

Fiering, Norman. Jonathan Edwards's Moral Thought and Its British Context. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981.

Fieser, James, ed. Early Responses to Hume's Moral, Literary and Political Writings. 2nd ed. Bristol: Thoemmes Press, 2005.

Finlay, Richard J. “Keeping the Covenant: Scottish National Identity.” In Eighteenth Century Scotland: New Perspectives, edited by T. M. Devine and J. R. Young. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1999, 121–33.

Fitzpatrick, Martin. “Toleration and the Enlightenment Movement.” In Toleration in Enlightenment Europe, edited by Ole Peter Grell and Roy Porter. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000, 23–68.

Flinn, Michael, ed. Scottish Population History: From the 17th Century to the 1930s. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Flower, Milton E. John Dickinson: Conservative Revolutionary. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1983.

(p.286) Forbes-Leith, William. Memoirs of Scottish Catholics during the XVIIth and XVIIIth Centuries. London: Longmans, Green, 1909.

Foster, John. “The Bicentenary of Jonathan Edwards's ‘Humble Attempt.’” International Review of Missions 37 (1948): 375–81.

Foster, Walter Roland. Bishop and Presbytery: The Church of Scotland. London: S.P.C.K., 1958.

—— . The Church before the Covenants: The Church of Scotland 1596–1638. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1975.

Fraser, W. Hamish. “Patterns of Protest.” In People and Society in Scotland, edited by T. M. Devine and Rosalind Mitchison. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1988, 268–91.

—— . “Social Class.” In Modern Scottish History: 1707 to the Present, edited by Anthony Cooke, Ian Donnachie, Anne MacSween, and Christopher Whatley. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1988, 203–29.

Frede, Michael. “On the Stoic Conception of the Good.” In Topics in Stoic Philosophy, edited by Katerina Ierodiakonou. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999, 71–94.

Frishman, Judith. “The Jews' Refusal to Believe 19th Century Dutch Polemics Concerning the Jews and Their Fate.” In Jewish Studies at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Proceedings of the 6th EAJS Congress, Toledo, July 1998: Volume II: Judaism from the Renaissance to Modern Times, edited by Judit Targarona Borras and Angel Saenz-Badillos. Leiden, Boston and Koln: Brill, 1999, 293–99.

Fry, Michael. The Dundas Despotism. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1992.

—— . The Union: England, Scotland and the Treaty of 1707. Edinburgh: Berlinn, 2006.

Gay, Peter. The Enlightenment: An Interpretation: The Rise of Modern Paganism. New York and London: W. W. Norton, 1977.

Giffin, John. “Scriptural Standards in Religion: John Wesley's Letters to William Law and James Hervey.” Studia Biblica et Theologica 16 (1998): 143–68.

Golden, James L., and Edward P. J. Corbett, eds. The Rhetoric of Blair, Campbell, and Whately. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1968.

Goldie, Mark. “Common Sense Philosophy and Catholic Theology in the Scottish Enlightenment.” In Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century, Vol. 302. Oxford: Voltaire Foundations, 1992, 281–320.

—— . “The Nonjurors, Episcopacy, and the Origins of the Convocation Controversy.” In Ideology and Conspiracy: Aspects of Jacobitism, 1689–1759, edited by Eveline Cruickshanks. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1982 15–35.

—— . “The Scottish Catholic Enlightenment.” Journal of British Studies 30 (1991): 20–62.

Gould, Eliga H. “American Independence and Britain's Counter-Revolution.” Past and Present 154 (1997): 107–41.

Graham, Henry Grey. The Social Life of Scotland in the Eighteenth Century. London: Adam and Charles Black, 1906.

—— . Scottish Men of Letters. London: Adam and Charles Black, 1901.

Grant, Alexander. The Story of the University of Edinburgh. 2 vols. London: Longmans, Green, and, 1884.

(p.287) Grave, S. A. The Scottish Philosophy of Common Sense. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1973.

Gura, Philip F. Jonathan Edwards: America's Evangelical. New York: Hill and Wang, 2005.

Haakonssen, Knud. “Enlightenment Dissent: An Introduction.” In Enlightenment and Religion in Eighteenth-Century Britain, edited by Knud Haakonssen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 1–11.

Halloran, S. Michael. “Hugh Blair's Use of Quintilian and the Transformation of Rhetoric in the 18th Century.” In Rhetoric and Pedagogy: Its History, Philosophy, and Practice, edited by Winifred Bryan Horner and Michael Leff. Mahwah: L. Erlbaum, 1995, 183–96.

Hamilton, Ian. The Erosion of Calvinist Orthodoxy: Seceders and Subscription in Scottish Presbyterianism. Edinburgh: Rutherford House, 1990.

Hampson, Norman. The Enlightenment. London: Penguin Books, 1990.

Harlan, David C. “The Travail of Religious Moderation: Jonathan Dickinson and the Great Awakening.” Journal of Presbyterian History 61 (1983): 411–26.

Harris, Bob. Politics and the Nation: Britain in the Mid-Eighteenth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Harrison, Wilmot. Memorable Edinburgh Houses. Edinburgh and London: Oliphant, Anderson and Ferrier, 1898.

Hatch, Nathan O. The Democratization of American Christianity. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

Hatfield, Edwin F. History of Elizabeth, New Jersey. New York: Carlton & Lanahan, 1868.

Haydon, Colin. Anti-Catholicism in Eighteenth-Century England, c. 1714–80: A Political and Social Study. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1993.

—— . “‘I Love My King and My Country, but a Roman Catholic I Hate’: Anti-Catholicism, Xenophobia and National Identity in Eighteenth-Century England.” In Protestantism and National Identity, Britain and Ireland, c. 1650–c. 1850, edited by Tony Claydon and Ian McBride. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998, 33–52.

Haykin, Michael. “‘A Habitation of God, Through the Spirit’: John Sutcliff (1752–1814) and the Revitalization of the Calvinistic Baptists in the Late Eighteenth Century.” Baptist Quarterly 34 (1992): 304–19.

—— . One Heart and One Soul: John Sutcliff of Olney, His Friends and His Times. Darlington: Evangelical Press, 1994.

Hellmuth, Eckhart. “The British State.” In A Companion to Eighteenth-Century Britain, edited by H. T. Dickinson. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002, 19–29.

Henderson, G. D. The Burning Bush: Studies in Scottish Church History. Edinburgh: The Saint Andrew Press, 1957.

—— . The Claims of the Church of Scotland. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1951.

—— . Presbyterianism. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1954.

—— . The Scottish Ruling Elder. London: James Clarke, 1935.

Henderson, Ian. Scotland: Kirk and People. Edinburgh: Lutterworth Press, 1969.

Henry, John. “Science and the Coming of Enlightenment.” In The Enlightenment World, edited by Martin Fitzpatrick, Peter Jones, Christa Knellwolf, and Ian McCalman. London and New York: Routledge, 2007, 10–26.

(p.288) Herdt, Jennifer A. “Cudworth, Autonomy and the Love of God: Transcending Enlightenment (and Anti-Enlightenment) Christian Ethics.” Annual of the Society of Christian Ethics 19 (1999): 47–68.

Herman, Arthur. How the Scots Invented the Modern World: The True Story of How Western Europe's Poorest Nation Created Our World & Everything in It. New York: Crown Publishers, 2001.

Hesse, Carla. “Print Cultures in the Enlightenment.” In The Enlightenment World, edited by Martin Fitzpatrick, Peter Jones, Christa Knellwolf, and Iain McCalman. London and New York: Routledge, 2004, 366–80.

Heyd, Michaell. “Be Sober and Reasonable”: The Critique of Enthusiasm in the Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth Centuries. Brill: Leiden, 1995.

Hill, Brian. “Parliament, Parties and Elections (1688–1760).” In A Companion to Eighteenth-Century Britain, H. T. Dickinson. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002, 55–68.

Hindmarsh, D. Bruce. “‘I Am a Sort of Middle-Man’: The Politically Correct Evangelicalism of John Newton.” In Amazing Grace: Evangelicalism in Australia, Britain, Canada, and the United States, edited by George A Rawlyk and Mark A. Noll. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1993, 29–55.

—— . The Evangelical Conversion Narrative: Spiritual Autobiography in Early Modern England. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

—— . John Newton and the English Evangelical Tradition. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2001.

—— . “The Reception of Jonathan Edwards by Early Evangelicals in England.” In Jonathan Edwards at Home and Abroad: Historical Memories, Cultural Movements, Global Horizons, edited by David W. Kling and Douglas A. Sweeney. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2003, 201–21.

Hindson, Edward. “Introduction to the Puritans.” In Introduction to Puritan Theology: A Reader, edited by Edward Hindson. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1976, 17–27.

Hobsbawm, E. J. “Methodism and the Threat of Revolution in Britain.” History Today 7 (1957): 115–24.

Hoefinagel, Dick, and Virginia L. Close. “Charles N. Haskins and the Woodward Room at Baker Library.” Dartmouth College Library Bulletin 39 (1998): 14–25.

Hoeveler, J. David. Creating the American Mind: Intellect and Politics in the Colonial Colleges. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002.

Hogue, William M. “The Religious Conspiracy Theory of the American Revolution: Anglican Motive.” Church History 45 (1976): 277–92.

Holifield, E. Brooks. “Edwards as a Theologian.” In Cambridge Companion to Jonathan Edwards, edited by Stephen J. Stein. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, 144–61.

Holmes, Geoffrey. “The Sacheverell Riots: The Crowd and the Church in Early Eighteenth Century London.” Past and Present 72 (1976): 55–85.

Hook, Andrew. Scotland and America: A Study of Cultural Relations, 1750–1835. Glasgow and London: Blackie, 1975.

—— . “‘The First American Intellectual History’: Samuel Miller's A Brief Retrospect of the Eighteenth Century and Its Scottish Context.” In Nation and Province in the (p.289) First British Empire: Scotland and the Americas, 1600–1800, edited by Ned C. Landsman. Lewisburg and London: Bucknell University Press and Associated University Presses, 2001, 265–79.

—— . “Scotland and America Revisited.” In Scotland, Europe and the American Revolution, edited by Owen Dudley Edwards and George Shepperson. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Student Publications, 1976, 83–88.

Hoppit, Julian. A Land of Liberty? England, 1689–1727. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Horn, D. B. A Short History of the University of Edinburgh. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1967.

Horner, Winifred Bryan, and Shelley Aley, “George Campbell (1719–1796),” in Eighteenth-Century British and American Rhetorics and Rhetoricians: Critical Studies and Sources, edited by Michael G. Moran. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1994.

Houff, Kathy M. “François De Salignac de la Mothe- Fénelon.” In Eighteenth-Century British and American Rhetorics and Rhetoricians: Critical Studies and Sources, edited by Michael G. Moran. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1994, 80–88.

Houston, R. A. “The Consistory of the Scots Church, Rotterdam: An Aspect of ‘Civic Calvinism,’ c. 1600–1800.” Archiv Für Reformationsgeschichte 87 (1996): 362–92.

—— . “The Demographic Regime.” In People and Society in Scotland, edited by T. M. Devine and Rosalind Mitchison. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1988, 9–26.

—— . “The Literacy Myth: Illiteracy in Scotland 1630–1760.” Past and Present 96 (1982): 81–102.

—— . “Scottish Education and Literacy, 1600–1800: An International Perspective.” In Improvement and Enlightenment: Proceedings of the Scottish Historical Studies Seminar, University of Strathclyde, 1987–88, edited by T. M. Devine. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1989, 43–61.

Howell, Wilbur S. Eighteenth-Century British Logic and Rhetoric. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1971.

Hunter, Ian. Rival Enlightenments: Civil and Metaphysical Philosophy in Early Modern Germany. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Hunter, James. The Making of the Crofting Community. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1996.

Hutchison, Andrew Fleming. The Lake of Menteith: Its Island and Vicinity: With Historical Accounts of the Priory of Inchmahome and the Earldom of Menteith. Stirling: Eneas Mackay, 1899.

Hutton, Guthrie. Old Kirkintilloch. Catrine, Ayrshire: Stenlake Publishing, 2004.

Hylson-Smith, Kenneth. High Churchmanship in the Church of England: From the Sixteenth Century to the Late Twentieth Century. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1993.

Ihalainen, Pasi. “The Enlightenment Sermon: Towards Practical Religion and a Sacred National Community.” In Preaching, Sermon and Cultural Change in the Long Eighteenth Century, edited by Joris van Eijnatten. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2009, 219–60.

Immerwahr, John. “Hume's Essays on Happiness.” Hume Studies 15 (1989): 307–24.

Israel, Jonathan. The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall, 1477–1806. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995.

(p.290) Israel, Jonathan. Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man, 1670–1752. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

—— . Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity, 1650–1750. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Jackson, Thomas, ed. Lives of Early Methodist Preachers, Chiefly Written by Themselves. 6 vols. London: Wesleyan Conference Office, 1865–66.

Johnson, Christine. Developments in the Roman Catholic Church in Scotland, 1789–1829. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1983.

—— . “Secular Clergy of the Lowland District, 1732–1829.” Innes Review 34 (1983): 66–87.

Johnson, Thomas H. “Jonathan Edwards's Background Reading.” Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts 28 (1931): 193–222.

Jones, David Ceri. “A Glorious Work in the World”: Welsh Methodism and the International Evangelical Revival, 1735–1750. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2004.

Jones, Peter. “The Scottish Professoriate and the Polite Academy, 1720–46.” In Wealth and Virtue: The Shaping of Political Economy in the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by Istvan Hont and Michael Ignatieff. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983, 89–117.

Jones, T. S. The Life of the Right Honourable Willielma, Viscountess Glenorchy, Containing Extracts from Her Diary and Correspondence. Edinburgh: William Whyte and, 1822.

Jones, Timothy Paul. “The Necessity of Objective Assent in the Act of Christian Faith.” Bibliotheca Sacra 162 (2005): 150–57.

Kennedy, George A. Classical Rhetoric and Its Christian and Secular Tradition from Ancient to Modern Times. London: Croom Helm, 1980.

Kennedy, Thomas D. “William Leechman, Pulpit Eloquence and the Glasgow Enlightenment.” In The Glasgow Enlightenment, edited by Andrew Hook and Richard B. Sher. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1995, 56–72.

Kernan, Alvin. Samuel Johnson and the Impact of Print. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Kidd, Colin. “Subscription, the Scottish Enlightenment and the Moderate Interpretation of History.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 55 (2004): 502–19.

Kidd, Thomas S. The Great Awakening: The Roots of Evangelical Christianity in Colonial America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007.

Kirk, James. Patterns of Reform: Continuity and Change in the Reformation Kirk. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1989.

Kirkby, Arthur H. Andrew Fuller, 1765–1815. London: Independent Press, 1961.

Klemme, Heiner F. “Scepticism and Common Sense.” In The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by Alexander Broadie. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003, 117–35.

Korty, Margaret Barton. “Benjamin Franklin and Eighteenth-Century American Libraries.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 55 (1965): 1–83.

Lachman, David C. The Marrow Controversy. Edinburgh: Rutherford House, 1988.

Lagree, Jacqueline. “Constancy and Coherence.” In Stoicism: Traditions and Transformations, edited by Steven K. Strange and Jack Zupko. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, 148–76.

(p.291) Landsman, Ned. “Evangelists and Their Hearers: Popular Interpretation of Revivalist Preaching in Eighteenth-Century Scotland.” Journal of British Studies 28 (1989): 120–49.

—— . “Border Cultures, the Backcountry, and ‘North British’ Emigration to America.” William and Mary Quarterly 48 (1991): 253–59.

—— . “Nation, Migration, and the Province in the First British Empire: Scotland and the Americas, 1600–1800.” American Historical Review 104 (1999): 463–75.

—— . “Presbyterians and Provincial Society: The Evangelical Enlightenment in the West of Scotland, 1740–1775.” In Sociability and Society in Eighteenth-Century Scotland, edited by John Dwyer and Richard B. Sher. Edinburgh: The Mercat Press, 1993, 194–209.

—— . Scotland and Its First American Colony, 1683–1765. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.

—— . “Witherspoon and the Problem of Provincial Identity in Scottish Evangelical Culture.” In Scotland and America in the Age of Enlightenment, edited by Richard B. Sher and Jeffrey R. Smitten. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990, 29–45.

Larsen, Timothy. “Defining and Locating Evangelicalism.” In The Cambridge Companion to Evangelical Theology, edited by Timothy Larsen and Daniel J. Treier. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, 1–14.

Le Beau, Bryan F. Jonathan Dickinson and the Formative Years of American Presbyterianism. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1997.

Lee, Stephen M. “Parliament, Parties and Elections (1760–1815).” In A Companion to Eighteenth-Century Britain, edited by H. T. Dickinson. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002, 69–80.

Leighton, C. D. A. “Hutchinsonianism: A Counter-Enlightenment Reform Movement.” The Journal of Religious History 23 (1999): 168–84.

—— . “William Law, Behmenism, and Counter Enlightenment.” Harvard Theological Review 91 (1998): 301–20.

Lenman, Bruce. An Economic History of Modern Scotland, 1660–1976. London: B. T. Batsford, 1977.

—— . “The Scottish Episcopal Clergy and the Ideology of Jacobitism.” In Ideology and Conspiracy: Aspects of Jacobitism, 1689–1759, edited by Eveline Cruickshanks. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1982, 36–48.

Levine, Joseph M. “Latitudinarians, Neoplatonists, and the Ancient Wisdom.” In Philosophy, Science, and Religion in England, 1640–1700, edited by Richard Kroll, Richard Ashcraft, and Perez Zagorin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, 85–108.

Leyden, W. von. Seventeenth-Century Metaphysics. London: Gerald Duckworth, 1968.

Lieburg, Fred van. “Interpreting the Dutch Great Awakening (1749–1755).” Church History 77 (2008), 318–36.

Long, A. A. Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2002.

—— . “Freedom and Determinism in the Stoic Theory of Human Action.” In Problems in Stoicism, edited by A. A. Long. London: The Athlone Press, 1971, 173–99.

(p.292) Long, A. A. Hellenistic Philosophy: Stoics, Epicureans, Sceptics. 2nd edition. 1974. London: Duckworth, 2001.

—— . “Socrates in Hellenistic Philosophy.” Classical Quarterly 38 (1988): 150–71.

Losonsky, Michael. Enlightenment and Action from Descartes to Kant. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Lottes, Gunther. “Radicalism, Revolution and Political Culture: An Anglo-French Comparison.” In The French Revolution and British Popular Politics, edited by Mark Philp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991, 78–98.

Love, Dane. Scottish Covenanter Stories: Tales from the Killing Times. Glasgow: Neil Wilson Publishing, 2000.

Lovegrove, Deryck W. “Unity and Separation: Contrasting Elements in the Thought and Practice of Robert and James Alexander Haldane.” In Protestant Evangelicalism: Britain, Ireland, Germany and America, c. 1750–c. 1950: Essays in Honour of W. R. Ward, edited by Keith Robbins. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1990, 153–78.

Lynch, Michael, ed. The Oxford Companion to Scottish History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

—— , ed. “Calvinism in Scotland, 1559–1638.” In International Calvinism, edited by Menna Prestwich. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985, 225–55.

—— , ed. Edinburgh and the Reformation. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1981.

—— , ed. Scotland: A New History. London: Pimlico, 2005.

McAdoo, H. R. The Spirit of Anglicanism: A Survey of Anglican Theological Method in the Seventeenth Century. London: Adam & Charles Black, 1965.

McAnear, Beverly. “The Raising of Funds by the Colonial Colleges.” The Mississippi Valley Historical Review 38 (1952): 591–612.

McClymond, Michael J. “A Different Legacy? The Cultural Turn in Edwards's Later Notebooks and the Unwritten History of Redemption.” In Jonathan Edwards at Home and Abroad: Historical Memories, Cultural Movements, Global Horizons, edited by David W. Kling and Douglas A. Sweeney. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2003, 16–39.

McDermott, Gerald R. Jonathan Edwards Confronts the Gods: Christian Theology, Enlightenment Religion, and Non-Christian Faiths. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

McDougall, Warren. “Scottish Books for America in the Mid-18th Century.” In Spreading the Word: The Distribution Networks of Print, 1550–1850, edited by Robin Myers and Michael Harris. Winchester: St Paul's Bibliographies, 1990, 21–46.

McGowan, A.T.B. “Evangelicalism in Scotland from Knox to Cunningham.” In The Emergence of Evangelicalism: Exploring Historical Continuities, edited by Michael A. Haykin and Kenneth J. Stewart. Nottingham: Apollos, 2008, 63–83.

McGrath, Alister E. “The Emergence of the Anglican Tradition on Justification, 1600–1700.” Churchman 98 (1984): 28–43.

—— . Iustitia Dei: A History of the Christian Doctrine of Justification: Volume II: From 1500 to the Present Day. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

MacGregor, Geddes. “Is There an Intellectual Element in Christian Faith?” Anglican-Theological Review 52 (1970): 20–29.

(p.293) Macinnes, Allan I. “Highland Society in the Era of ‘Improvement.’” In Modern Scottish History: 1707 to the Present, edited by Anthony Cooke, Ian Donnachie, Anne MacSween, and Christopher Whatley. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1998, 177–202.

—— . “Scottish Gaeldom: The First Phase of Clearance.” In People and Society in Scotland, edited by T. M. Devine and Rosalind Mitchison. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1988, 70–90.

MacInnes, John. The Evangelical Movement in the Highlands of Scotland 1688 to 1800. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1951.

McIntosh, John R. Church and Theology in Enlightenment Scotland: The Popular Party, 1740–1800. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1998.

MacKendrick, Paul. The Philosophical Books of Cicero. London: Duckworth, 1989.

MacKillop, Andrew. “Highland Estate Change and Tenant Emigration.” In Eighteenth Century Scotland: New Perspectives, edited by T. M. Devine and J. R. Young. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1999, 237–58.

McLean, Hugh. “Robert Urie, Printer in Glasgow.” Records of the Glasgow Bibliographic Society 3 (1914): 89–108.

Maclean, John. History of the College of New Jersey: From Its Origin in 1746 to the Commencement of 1854. Vol. 2. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott &, 1877.

Macleod, Emma Vincent. “The Crisis of the French Revolution.” In A Companion to Eighteenth-Century Britain, edited by H. T. Dickinson. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002, 112–24.

—— . “The Responses of Scottish Churchmen to the French Revolution, 1789–1802.” The Scottish Historical Review 73 (1994): 191–215.

Macleod, John. Scottish Theology: In Relation to Church History Since the Reformation. 3rd edition. Edinburgh: Knox Press, 1974.

McMillan, James F. “Mission Accomplished? The Catholic Underground.” In Eighteenth-Century Scotland: New Perspectives, edited by T. M. Devine and J. R. Young. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1999, 90–105.

—— . “The Root of All Evil? Money and the Scottish Catholic Mission in the Eighteenth Century.” Studies in Church History 24 (1987): 267–82.

Macquiban, Tim. “John Wesley's Practice of Intra-Faith Love.” In Pure, Universal Love: Reflections on the Wesleys and Inter-Faith Dialogue, edited by Tim Macquiban. Oxford: Applied Theology Press, 1995, 33–43.

Makey, Walter. The Church of the Covenant, 1637–1651. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1979.

Mann, Alastair J. “Embroidery to Enterprise: The Role of Women in the Book Trade of Early Modern Scotland.” In Women in Scotland, c. 1100–c. 1750, edited by Elizabeth Ewan and Maureen M. Meikle. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1999, 136–51.

—— . The Scottish Book Trade, 1500–1720: Print Commerce and Print Control in Early Modern Scotland. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 2000.

Marsden, George. “Biography.” In Cambridge Companion to Jonathan Edwards, edited by Stephen J. Stein. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, 19–38.

—— . Jonathan Edwards: A Life. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2003.

(p.294) —— . “The Quest for the Historical Edwards: The Challenge of Biography.” In Jonathan Edwards at Home and Abroad: Historical Memories, Cultural Movements, Global Horizons, edited by David W. Kling and Douglas A. Sweeney. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2003, 3–15.

Marshall, John. John Locke, Toleration and Early Enlightenment Culture: Religious Intolerance and Arguments for Religious Toleration in Early Modern and “Early Enlightenment” Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Marshall, William. Historic Scenes in Perthshire. Edinburgh: William Oliphant, 1880.

Mason, Keith. “Britain and the Administration of the American Colonies.” In Britain and the American Revolution, edited by H. T. Dickinson. London: Longman, 1998, 21–43.

Mason, Roger. “Renaissance and Reformation: The Sixteenth Century.” In Scotland: A History, edited by Jenny Wormald. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, 107–42.

Maver, Irene. “Urbanisation.” In Modern Scottish History: 1707 to the Present, edited by Anthony Cooke, Ian Donnachie, Anne MacSween, and Christopher Whatley. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1998, 155–76.

Maxwell, Ian Douglas. “Civilization or Christianity?: The Scottish Debate on Mission Methods, 1750–1835.” In Christian Missions and the Enlightenment, edited by Brian Stanley. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2001, 123–40.

May, Henry F. The Enlightenment in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.

May, John Y. “Faith and Knowledge.” Evangelical Journal 8 (1990): 83–90.

Mechie, Stewart. “The Theological Climate in Early Eighteenth Century Scotland.” In Reformation and Revolution, edited by Duncan Shaw. Edinburgh: The Saint Andrew Press, 1967, 258–72.

Miller, Thomas P. “Francis Hutcheson and the Civic Humanist Tradition.” In The Glasgow Enlightenment, edited by Andrew Hook and Richard B. Sher. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1995, 40–55.

Mills, Frederick V. “The Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge in British North America, 1730–1775.” Church History 63 (1994): 15–30.

Milton, J. R. “Locke's Life and Times.” In The Cambridge Companion to Locke, edited by Vere Chappell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994, 5–25.

Mitchell, Christopher W. “Jonathan Edwards's Scottish Connection.” In Jonathan Edwards at Home and Abroad: Historical Memories, Cultural Movements, Global Horizons, edited by David W. Kling and Douglas A. Sweeney. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2003, 222–47.

Mitchison, Rosalind. A History of Scotland. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 1995.

—— . Lordship to Patronage: Scotland 1603–1745. 1983. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2003.

—— . “Who Were the Poor in Scotland, 1690–1830?” In Economy and Society in Scotland and Ireland, 1500–1939, edited by Rosalind Mitchison and Peter Roebuck. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1988, 140–48.

Moody, Josh. Jonathan Edwards and the Enlightenment: Knowing the Presence of God. Lanham: University Press of America, 2005.

(p.295) Morgan, Alexander. Edinburgh University Matriculation Roll: Arts, Law, Divinity. Vol. 1. Edinburgh, 1933–1904.

Morgan, Edmund S. “The Puritan Ethic and the American Revolution.” William and Mary Quarterly 24 (1967): 3–43.

Morris, Marilyn. The British Monarchy and the French Revolution. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998.

Mullan, David George. Scottish Puritanism: 1590–1638. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Muller, Richard A. After Calvin: Studies in the Development of a Theological Tradition. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Munck, Thomas. The Enlightenment: A Comparative Social History, 1721–1794. London: Arnold, 2000.

Murdoch, Alexander. “The Importance of Being Edinburgh: Management and Opposition in Edinburgh Politics, 1746–1784.” The Scottish Historical Review 62 (1983): 1–16.

—— . “Scotland and the Idea of Britain in the Eighteenth Century.” In Eighteenth-Century Scotland: New Perspectives, edited by T. M. Devine and J. R. Young. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1999, 106–21.

Murdoch, Alexander, and Richard B. Sher. “Literary and Learned Culture.” In People and Society in Scotland, edited by T. M. Devine and Rosalind Mitchison. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1988, 127–42.

Namier, Sir Lewis. Personalities and Power. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1955.

Nenadic, Stana. “The Rise of the Urban Middle Class.” In People and Society in Scotland, edited by T. M. Devine and Rosalind Mitchison. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1988, 109–26.

Nockles, Peter. “Church Parties in the Pre-Tractarian Church of England, 1750–1833: The ‘Orthodox’—Some Problems of Definition and Identity.” In The Church of England, c. 1689–c. 1833, edited by John Walsh, Colin Haydon, and Stephen Taylor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993, 334–59.

Noll, Mark A. America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

—— . “The American Revolution and Protestant Evangelicalism.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 23 (1993): 615–38.

—— . Christians in the American Revolution. Washington, D.C.: Christian University Press, 1977.

—— . “Common Sense Traditions and American Evangelical Thought.” American Quarterly 37 (1985): 216–38.

—— . “The Irony of the Enlightenment for Presbyterians in the Early Republic.” Journal of the Early Republic 5 (1985): 149–75.

—— . Princeton and the Republic, 1768–1822: The Search for a Christian Enlightenment in the Era of Samuel Stanhope Smith. Vancouver: Regent College Publishing, 2004.

—— . “Revival, Enlightenment, Civic Humanism, and the Evolution of Calvinism in Scotland and America, 1735–1843.” In Amazing Grace: Evangelicalism in Australia, (p.296) Britain, Canada, and the United States, edited by George A Rawlyk and Mark A. Noll. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1993, 73–107.

—— . “The Rise and Long Life of the Protestant Enlightenment in America.” In Knowledge and Belief in America: Enlightenment Traditions and Modern Religious Thought, edited by William M. Shea and Peter A. Huff. New York and Cambridge: Woodrow Wilson Center Press and Cambridge University Press, 1995, 88–124.

—— . The Rise of Evangelicalism: The Age of Edwards, Whitefield and the Wesleys. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2003.

Nuttall, Geoffrey. Calendar of the Correspondence of Philip Doddridge DD (1702–1751). London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1979.

—— . “Northamptonshire and The Modern Question: A Turning-Point in Eighteenth-Century Dissent.” Journal of Theological Studies 16 (1965): 101–23.

O'Brien, Patrick Karl. “Finance and Taxation.” In A Companion to Eighteenth-Century Britain, edited by H.T. Dickinson. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002, 30–39.

O'Brien, Susan. “A Study of the First Evangelical Magazines, 1740–1748.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 27 (1976): 255–75.

—— . “A Transatlantic Community of Saints: The Great Awakening and the First Evangelical Network, 1735–1755.” The American Historical Review 91 (1986): 811–32.

O'Gorman, Frank. The Long Eighteenth Century: British Political & Social History, 1688–1832. London: Hodder Arnold, 1997.

—— . “The Parliamentary Opposition to the Government's American Policy, 1760–1782.” In Britain and the American Revolution, edited by H.T. Dickinson. London: Longman, 1998, 97–123.

—— . “Pitt and the ‘Tory’ Reaction to the French Revolution, 1789–1815.” In Britain and the French Revolution, 1789–1815, edited by H.T. Dickinson. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1989, 21–38.

Outram, Dorinda. The Enlightenment. 2nd edition. 1995. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Oz-Salzberger, Fania. Translating the Enlightenment: Scottish Civic Discourse in Eighteenth-Century Germany. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1995.

Parker, Kim Ian. “John Locke and the Enlightenment Metanarrative: A Biblical Corrective to a Reasoned World.” Scottish Journal of Theology 49 (1996): 57–73.

Payne, Ernest A. The Prayer Call of 1784. Edinburgh: The World Mission of the Church: Scotland's Week of Witness, 1942.

Peirce, Benjamin. A History of Harvard University, from Its Foundation, in the Year 1636, to the Period of the American Revolution. Cambridge: Brown, Shattuck, and Company, 1833.

Philip, Adam. The Ancestry of Randall Thomas Davidson, D.D. (Archbishop of Canterbury): A Chapter in Scottish Biography. London: Elliot Stock, 1903.

Phillipson, N. T. “Lawyers, Landowners and the Civic Leadership of Post-Union Scotland.” Juridical Review 21 (1976): 97–120.

—— . “The Scottish Enlightenment.” In The Enlightenment in National Context, edited by Roy Porter and Mikuláš Teich. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981, 19–40.

(p.297) Philp, Mark. “The Fragmented Ideology of Reform.” In The French Revolution and British Popular Politics, edited by Mark Philp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991, 50–77.

Plomer, H. R., G. H. Bushnell, and E. R. McC.Dix. A Dictionary of the Printers and Booksellers Who Were at Work in England, Scotland and Ireland from 1726 to 1775. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1932.

Plumb, J. H. The Growth of Political Stability in England, 1675–1725. London: Macmillan, 1967.

Pocock, J. G. A. Barbarism and Religion: Volume 1: The Enlightenments of Edward Gibbon, 1737–1764. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Porter, Roy. The Creation of the Modern World: The Untold Story of the British Enlightenment. New York and London: W. W. Norton, 2000.

—— . English Society in the Eighteenth Century. London: Penguin, 1982.

—— . The Enlightenment. 2nd edition. Basingstroke: Palgrave, 2001.

—— . “The Enlightenment in England.” In The Enlightenment in National Context, edited by Roy Porter and Mikuláš Teich. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981, 1–18.

Prunier, Clotilde. “‘Aliens and Outlaws Rather Than Subjects and Citizens? The Image and Identity of Catholics in Eighteenth-Century Scotland.” Scottish Studies Review 1 (2000): 39–46.

—— . Anti-Catholic Strategies in Eighteenth-Century Scotland. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 2004.

Pryde, George S. The Scottish Universities and the Colleges of Colonial America. Glasgow: Jackson, Son & Company, 1957.

Rack, Henry D. Reasonable Enthusiast: John Wesley and the Rise of Methodism. Philadelphia: Trinity Press International, 1989.

Rankin, James. A Handbook of the Church of Scotland. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1871.

Rendall, Jane. The Origins of the Scottish Enlightenment. London and Basingstoke: The Macmillan Press, 1978.

Richards, Eric. A History of the Highland Clearances: Volume 2: Emigration, Protest, Reasons. London: Croom Helm, 1985.

Rist, J. M. Stoic Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969.

Rivers, Isabel. Reason, Grace, and Sentiment: A Study of the Language of Religion and Ethics in England, 1660–1780: Volume I: Whichcote to Wesley. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

—— . “Shaftesburian Enthusiasm and the Evangelical Revival.” In Revival and Religion since 1700: Essays for John Walsh, edited by Jane Garnett and Colin Matthew. London and Rio Grande: Hambledon Press, 1993, 21–40.

Robertson, John. The Case for the Enlightenment: Scotland and Naples, 1680–1760. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

—— . “The Scottish Contribution to the Enlightenment.” In The Scottish Enlightenment: Essays in Reinterpretation, edited by Paul Wood. Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 2000, 37–62.

(p.298) Roberts, J. M. The Mythology of the Secret Societies. London: Secker & Warburg, 1972.

Roebuck, Peter. “The Economic Situation and Functions of Substantial Landowners, 1660–1815: Ulster and Lowland Scotland Compared.” In Economy and Society in Scotland and Ireland, 1500–1939, edited by Rosalind Mitchison and Peter Roebuck. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1988, 81–92.

Rogal, Samuel J. “John Wesley at Edinburgh: 1751–1790.” Trinity Journal 4 (1983): 18–34.

—— . John Wesley's Mission to Scotland, 1751–1790. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, 1988.

Rogers, Nicholas. “Crowd and People in the Gordon Riots.” In The Transformation of Political Culture: England and Germany in the Late Eighteenth Century, edited by Eckhart Hellmuth. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990, 39–56.

—— . “Popular Protest in Early Hanoverian London.” Past and Present 79 (1978): 70–100.

—— . “Riot and Popular Jacobitism in Early Hanoverian England.” In Ideology and Conspiracy: Aspects of Jacobitism, 1689–1759, edited by Eveline Cruickshanks. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1982, 70–88.

Rogerson, John. Old Testament Criticism in the Nineteenth Century: England and Germany. London: Fortress Press, 1984.

Rosenblatt, Helena. “The Christian Enlightenment.” In The Cambridge History of Christianity: Volume VII: Enlightenment, Reawakening and Revolution, 1660–1815, edited by Stewart J. Brown and Timothy Tackett. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006, 283–301.

Roxburgh, Kenneth B. E. Thomas Gillespie and the Origins of the Relief Church in 18th Century Scotland. Bern: Peter Lang, 1999.

Royle, Edward. Revolutionary Britannia?: Reflections on the Threat of Revolution in Britain, 1789–1848. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000.

Rupp, Gordon. Religion in England, 1688–1791. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.

Saastamoinen, Kari. “Pufendorf and the Stoic Model of Natural Law.” In Grotius and the Stoa, edited by Hans W. Blom and Laurens C. Winkel. Netherlands: Royal Van Gorcum, 2004, 257–69.

Sack, James J. From Jacobite to Conservative: Reaction and Orthodoxy in Britain, c. 1760–1832. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Sandbach, F. H. The Stoics. London: Chatto & Windus, 1975.

Saunders, J. L. Justus Lipsius: The Philosophy of Renaissance Stoicism. New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1955.

Saville, Richard. “Scottish Modernisation Prior to the Industrial Revolution, 1688–1763.” In Eighteenth Century Scotland: New Perspectives, edited by T. M. Devine and J. R. Young. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1999, 6–23.

Schmidt, Leigh Eric. Holy Fairs: Scotland and the Making of American Revivalism. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2001.

—— . “Jonathan Dickinson and the Making of the Moderate Awakening.” American Presbyterians 63 (1985): 341–53.

Schofield, Robert E. The Enlightenment of Joseph Priestley: A Study of His Life and Work from 1733–1773. University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997.

(p.299) Schouls, Peter. Descartes and the Enlightenment. Kingston and Montreal, McGill-Queen's University Press, 1989.

—— . “The Quest for Philosophical Certainty.” In The Enlightenment World, edited by Martin Fitzpatrick, Peter Jones, Christa Knellwolf, and Ian McCalman. London and New York: Routledge, 2007, 27–40.

Scott, Hew. Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae: The Succession of Ministers in the Church of Scotland from the Reformation. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1915.

Sefton, Henry. “‘Neu-Lights and Preachers Legall’: Some Observations on the Beginnings of Moderatism in the Church of Scotland.” In Church, Politics and Society: Scotland 1408–1929, edited by Norman MacDougall. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1983, 186–96.

Sellars, John. Stoicism. Chesham: Acumen, 2006.

Sellers, Charles Coleman. Dickinson College: A History. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 1973.

Selwyn, Pamela E. Everyday Life in the German Book Trade: Friedrich Nicolai as Bookseller and Publisher in the Age of Enlightenment, 1750–1810. University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000.

Sharp, L.W. “Charles Mackie, the First Professor of History at Edinburgh University.” Scottish Historical Review 41 (1962): 23–45.

Shepherd, Thomas H. Modern Athens! Displayed in a Series of Views: Or Edinburgh in the Nineteenth Century: Exhibiting the Whole of the New Buildings, Modern Improvements, Antiquities, and Picturesque Scenery, of the Scottish Metropolis and Its Environs, from Original Drawings. London: Jones, 1829.

Sher, Richard, and Alexander Murdoch. “Patronage and Party in the Church of Scotland, 1750–1800.” In Church, Politics and Society: Scotland 1408–1929, edited by Norman MacDougall. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1983, 197–220.

Sher, Richard. “The Book in the Scottish Enlightenment.” In The Culture of the Book in the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by Paul Wood. Toronto: Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, 2000, 40–60.

—— . Church and University in the Scottish Enlightenment: The Moderate Literati of Edinburgh. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1985.

—— . “Corporatism and Consensus in the Late Eighteenth-Century Book Trade: The Edinburgh Bookseller's Society in Comparative Perspective.” Book History 1 (1998): 32–93.

—— . The Enlightenment & the Book: Scottish Authors & Their Publishers in Eighteenth-Century Britain, Ireland & America. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

—— . “Professors of Virtue: The Social History of the Edinburgh Moral Philosophy Chair in the Eighteenth Century.” In Studies in the Philosophy of the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by M. A. Stewart. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990, 87–126.

—— . “Scotland Transformed: The Eighteenth Century.” In Scotland: A History, edited by Jenny Wormald. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, 177–208.

—— . “Witherspoon's Dominion of Providence and the Scottish Jeremiad Tradition.” In Scotland and America in the Age of Enlightenment, edited by Richard (p.300) B. Sher and Jeffrey R. Smitten. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990, 46–64.

Shores, Louis. Origins of the American College Library, 1638–1800. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1935.

Simonson, Harold P. “Jonathan Edwards and His Scottish Connections.” Journal of American Studies 21 (1987): 353–76.

Slaven, Anthony. The Development of the West of Scotland: 1750–1960. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975.

Sloan, Douglas. The Scottish Enlightenment and the American College Ideal. New York: Teachers College Press, 1971.

Smeaton, Oliphant. Edinburgh and Its Story. London: J. M. Dent, 1904.

Smith, John E. “Puritanism and Enlightenment: Edwards and Franklin.” In Knowledge and Belief in America: Enlightenment Traditions and Modern Religious Thought, edited by William M. Shea and Peter A. Huff. New York and Cambridge: Woodrow Wilson Center Press and Cambridge University Press, 1995, 195–226.

—— . “Religious Affections and the ‘Sense of the Heart.’” In The Princeton Companion to Jonathan Edwards, edited by Sang Hyun Lee. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2005, 103–14.

Smith, John Howard. The Perfect Rule of the Christian Religion: A History of Sandemanianism in the Eighteenth Century. Albany: SUNY Press, 2008.

Smout, T. C. “Born Again at Cambuslang: New Evidence on Popular Religion and Literacy in Eighteenth-Century Scotland.” Past and Present 97 (1982): 114–27.

—— . “Environment.” In Modern Scottish History: 1707 to the Present, edited by Anthony Cooke, Ian Donnachie, Anne MacSween, and Christopher Whatley. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1988, 230–52.

—— . “Famine and Famine-Relief in Scotland.” In Comparative Aspects of Scottish and Irish Economic and Social History: 1600–1900, edited by L. M. Cullen and T. C. Smout. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1977 21–31.

—— . A History of the Scottish People 1560–1830. 6th ed. 1969. London: Fontana Press, 1998.

—— . “Problems of Nationalism, Identity and Improvement in Later Eighteenth-Century Scotland.” In Improvement and Enlightenment: Proceedings of the Scottish Historical Studies Seminar, University of Strathclyde, 1987–88, edited by T. M. Devine. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1989, 1–21.

—— . “Scottish Landowners and Economic Growth, 1650–1850.” Scottish Journal of Political Economy 11 (1964): 218–34.

—— . “Where Had the Scottish Economy Got to by the Third Quarter of the Eighteenth Century?” In Wealth and Virtue: The Shaping of Political Economy in the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by Istvan Hont and Michael Ignatieff. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983, 45–72.

Smylie, James H. “Charles Nisbet: Second Thoughts on a Revolutionary Generation.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 98 (1974): 189–205.

Snyder, Alan K. “Foundations of Liberty: The Christian Republicanism of Timothy Dwight and Jedidiah Morse.” The New England Quarterly 56 (1983): 382–97.

(p.301) Sorabji, Richard. “Stoic First Movements in Christianity.” In Stoicism: Traditions and Transformations, edited by Steven K. Strange and Jack Zupko. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, 95–107.

Sorkin, David. The Religious Enlightenment: Protestants, Jews, and Catholics from London to Vienna. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008.

Stephen, Sir Leslie. History of English Thought in the Eighteenth Century. 2 vols. 1876. New York: Harbinger, 1962.

Steven, William. The History of the Scottish Church, Rotterdam. Dublin, London and Rotterdam: W. Curry, Whittaker and Van der Meer, 1833.

Stevens, Abel. The History of the Religious Movement of the Eighteenth Century, Called Methodism. 2 vols. London: William Tegg, 1864.

Stevenson, David. The Scottish Revolution 1637–1644: The Triumph of the Covenanters. 1973. Edinburgh: John Donald, 2003.

Stevenson, John. “Popular Radicalism and Popular Protest, 1789–1815.” In Britain and the French Revolution, 1789–1815, edited by H.T. Dickinson. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1989, 61–82.

Stewart, M. A. “Religion and Rational Theology.” In The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish Enlightenment, edited by Alexander Broadie. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003, 31–59.

—— . “The Stoic Legacy in the Early Scottish Enlightenment.” In Atoms, Pneuma, and Tranquillity: Epicurean and Stoic Themes in European Thought, edited by Margaret Osler. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991, 273–96.

Storrar, William. Scottish Identity: A Christian Vision. Edinburgh: The Handsel Press, 1990.

Stout, Harry S. T. The Divine Dramatist: George Whitefield and the Rise of Modern Evangelicalism. Grand Rapids: William. B. Eerdmans, 1991.

——  The New England Soul: Preaching and Religious Culture in Colonial New England. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

——  “The Puritans and Edwards.” In Jonathan Edwards and the American Experience, edited by Nathan O. Hatch and Harry S. Stout. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988, 142–59.

——  “Religion, Communications, and the Ideological Origins of the American Revolution.” William and Mary Quarterly 34 (1977): 519–41.

Striker, Gisela. “Following Nature: A Study in Stoic Ethics.” In Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, edited by Julia Annas. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991, 1–74.

Stromberg, Roland N. Religious Liberalism in Eighteenth-Century England. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1954.

Sweeney, Douglas A., and Brandon G. Withrow. “Jonathan Edwards: Continuator or Pioneer of Evangelical History?” In The Emergence of Evangelicalism: Exploring Historical Continuities, edited by Michael A. Haykin and Kenneth J. Stewart. Nottingham: Apollos, 2008, 278–301.

Swift, Wesley F. Methodism in Scotland: The First Hundred Years. London: Epworth Press, 1947.

(p.302) Swinfen, D. B. “The American Revolution in the Scottish Press.” In Scotland, Europe and the American Revolution, edited by Owen Dudley Edwards and George Shepperson. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Student Publications, 1976, 66–74.

Thomas, Donald Serrell. Cochrane: Britannia's Sea Wolf. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2002.

Thomas, G. Michael. The Extent of the Atonement: A Dilemma for Reformed Theology from Calvin to the Consensus, 1536–1675. Carlisle: Paternoster, 1997.

Thomas, P. D. G. “George III and the American Revolution.” History 70 (2002): 16–31.

Thuesen, Peter J. ed. Jonathan Edwards Catalogues of Books. Vol. 26. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008.

—— . “Edwards' Intellectual Background.” In The Princeton Companion to Jonathan Edwards, edited by Sang Hyun Lee. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press 2005, 16–33.

Timperley, Loretta R., ed. A Directory of Landownership in Scotland, c. 1770. Edinburgh: Scottish Record Society, 1976.

Todd, Margo. The Culture of Protestantism in Early Modern Scotland. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.

—— . “The Problem of Scotland's Puritans.” In The Cambridge Companion to Puritanism, edited by John Coffey and Paul C. H. Lim. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008, 174–88.

—— . “Seneca and the Protestant Mind: The Influence of Stoicism on Puritan Ethics.” Archiv Fur Reformationsgeschichte 74 (1983): 182–200.

Torrance, Thomas F. Scottish Theology: From John Knox to John McLeod Campbell. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1996.

Tucker, Louis Leonard. The Massachusetts Historical Society: A Bicentennial History, 1791–1991. Boston: Published by the Society, 1995.

Tyerman, Luke. The Oxford Methodists: Memoirs of the Rev. Messrs. Clayton, Ingham, Gambold, Hervey, and Broughton, with Biographical Notices of Others. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1873.

Tyler, Moses Coit. “President Witherspoon in the American Revolution.” The American Historical Review 1 (1896): 671–79.

Tyson, Robert E. “Demographic Change.” In Eighteenth Century Scotland: New Perspectives, edited by T. M. Devine and J. R. Young. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1999, 195–209.

Valeri, Mark. Law and Providence in Joseph Bellamy's New England: The Origins of the New Divinity in Revolutionary America. New York and London: Oxford University Press, 1994.

—— . “The New Divinity and the American Revolution.” William and Mary Quarterly 46 (1989): 741–69.

Van Eijnatten, Joris. Liberty and Concord in the United Provinces: Religious Toleration and the Public in Eighteenth-Century Netherlands. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2003.

Van Gestel, Paul E. A. “Coleridge, Priestley and Dissent.” In “A Natural Delineation of Human Passions”: The Historic Moment of Lyrical Ballads, edited by C. C. Barfoot. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004, 129–36.

(p.303) —— . “‘De verbasteringen van het Christendom’: Joseph Priestley (1733–1804) en de Nederlandse Verlichting.” De Achttiende Eeuw 30 (1998): 3–30.

Vartanian, Pershing. “Cotton Mather and the Puritan Transition into the Enlightenment.” Early American Literature 7 (1972): 213–24.

Wahrman, Dror. “The English Problem of Identity in the American Revolution.” The American Historical Review 106 (2001): 1236–62.

Walker, James. Theology and Theologians of Scotland, 1560–1750. 2nd ed. 1872. Edinburgh: Knox Press, 1982.

Wallace, Dewey D. “Socinianism, Justification by Faith, and the Sources of John Locke's The Reasonableness of Christianity.” Journal of the History of Ideas 45 (1984): 49–66.

Wallace, Mark I. “The European Enlightenment.” In Spirituality and the Secular Quest, edited by Peter H. Van Ness. London: SCM Press, 1996, 75–101.

Walsh, John, and Stephen Taylor. “The Church and Anglicanism in the ‘Long’ Eighteenth Century.” In Church of England, c. 1689–c. 1833: From Toleration to Tractarianism, edited by John Walsh, Colin Haydon, and Stephen Taylor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993, 1–66.

Walzer, Arthur E. George Campbell: Rhetoric in the Age of Enlightenment. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003.

Watson, Thomas. Kirkintilloch: Town and Parish. Glasgow: John Smith and Son, 1859.

Watts, Michael R. The Dissenters: From the Reformation to the French Revolution. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978.

Webb, R. K. “The Emergence of Rational Dissent.” In Enlightenment and Religion in Eighteenth-Century Britain, edited by Knud Haakonssen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 12–41.

—— . “Rational Piety.” In Enlightenment and Religion in Eighteenth-Century Britain, edited by Knud Haakonssen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 287–311.

Weber, Donald. “The Recovery of Jonathan Edwards.” In Jonathan Edwards and the American Experience, edited by Nathan O. Hatch and Harry S. Stout. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988, 50–70.

Webster, J. M. History of Carnock. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood & Sons, 1938.

Webster, Richard. A History of the Presbyterian Church in America, from Its Origin until the Year 1760. Philadelphia: Joseph M. Wilson, 1857.

Weeks, Lyman Horace. Book of Bruce: Ancestors and Descendants of King Robert of Scotland. New York: Americana Society, 1907.

Welch, Claude. “Samuel Taylor Coleridge.” In Nineteenth Century Religious Thought in the West, edited by Ninian Smart, John Clayton, Steven T. Katz, and Patrick Sherry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985, 1–28.

Wells, Roger. “English Society and Revolutionary Politics in the 1790s: The Case for Insurrection.” In The French Revolution and British Popular Politics, edited by Mark Philp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991, 188–226.

(p.304) Whaley, Joachim. “The Protestant Enlightenment in Germany.” In The Enlightenment in National Context, edited by Roy Porter and Mikuláš Teich. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981, 106–26

Whatley, Christopher. “The Union of 1707.” In Modern Scottish History: 1707 to the Present, edited by Anthony Cooke, Ian Donnachie, Anne MacSween, and Christopher Whatley. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1998, 1–22.

Whatley, Christopher A. “Economic Causes and Consequences of the Union of 1707: A Survey.” Scottish Historical Review 68 (1989): 150–81.

—— . “How Tame Were the Scottish Lowlanders during the Eighteenth Century?” In Conflict and Stability in Scottish Society, 1700–1850: Proceedings of the Scottish Historical Studies Seminar, University of Strathclyde, 1988–89, edited by T. M. Devine. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1990, 1–30.

—— . The Industrial Revolution in Scotland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

—— . The Scots and the Union. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006.

—— . Scottish Society 1707–1830: Beyond Jacobitism, Towards Industrialisation. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000.

White, Gavin. “‘Highly Preposterous’: Origins of Scottish Missions.” Records of the Scottish Church History Society 19 (1976): 111–24.

Whyte, I. D., and K. A. Whyte. “Debt and Credit, Poverty and Prosperity in a Seventeenth-Century Scottish Rural Community.” In Economy and Society in Scotland and Ireland, 1500–1939, edited by Rosalind Mitchison and Peter Roebuck. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1988, 70–80.

Whyte, Ian. “Rural Transformation and Lowland Society.” In Modern Scottish History: 1707 to the Present, edited by Anthony Cooke, Ian Donnachie, Anne MacSween, and Christopher Whatley. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1998, 86–107.

—— . “Urbanisation in Eighteenth-Century Scotland.” In Eighteenth Century Scotland: New Perspectives, edited by T. M. Devine and J. R. Young. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1999, 176–94.

Wilby, Noel Macdonald. “ ‘The Encreasce of Popery’ in the Highlands, 1714–1747.” Innes Review 17 (1966): 91–115.

Williams, D.E. “Morals, Markets and English Crowd in 1766.” Past and Present 104 (1984): 56–73.

Williams, Stephen. “Theologians in Pursuit of the Enlightenment.” Theology 89 (1986): 368–74.

Williams, Stephen N. “John Locke on the Status of Faith.” Scottish Journal of Theology 40 (1987): 591–606.

Wilson, Kathleen. The Sense of the People: Politics, Culture and Imperialism in England, 1715–1785. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Withrington, Donald J. “What Was Distinctive about the Scottish Enlightenment?” In Aberdeen and the Enlightenment: Proceedings of a Conference Held at the University of Aberdeen, edited by Jennifer J. Carter and Joan H. Pittock. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1987, 9–19.

Wojcik, Jan W. Robert Boyle and the Limits of Reason. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

(p.305) Wolffe, John. The Expansion of Evangelicalism: The Age of Wilberforce, More, Chalmers and Finney. Nottingham: InterVarsity Press, 2006.

Wolterstorff, Nicholas. “Locke's Philosophy of Religion.” In The Cambridge Companion to Locke, edited by Vere Chappell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994, 172–98.

Wood, A. Skevington. “Methodism in Scotland.” In A History of the Methodist Church in Great Britain, Vol. 3, edited by Rupert Davies, A. Raymond George, and Gordon Rupp. London: Epworth Press, 1983, 265–78.

Woodbridge, John D. “Some Misconceptions of the Impact of the ‘Enlightenment’ on the Doctrine of Scripture.” In Hermeneutics, Authority and Canon, edited by D. A. Carson and John D. Woodbridge. Leicester: InterVarsity Press, 1986, 241–70.

Wormald, Jenny. “Confidence and Perplexity: The Seventeenth Century.” In Scotland: A History, edited by Jenny Wormald. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, 143–76.

—— . Court, Kirk, and Community: Scotland 1470–1625. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1981.

Wykes, David L. “The Contribution of the Dissenting Academy to the Emergence of Rational Dissent.” In Enlightenment and Religion in Eighteenth-Century Britain, edited by Knud Haakonssen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 99–139.

Yeager, Jonathan. “John Erskine (1721–1803): A Scottish Evangelical Minister,” Records of the Scottish Church History Society, 38 (2008): 23–44.

—— . “John Wesley's Conflict with James Hervey and Its Effects in Scotland,” Journal of Religious History 34 (2010): 398–413.

—— . “The Letters of John Erskine to the Rylands,” Eusebeia: The Journal of the Andrew Fuller Center for Baptist Studies 9 (2008), 183–195.

—— . “Puritan or Enlightened? John Erskine and the Transition of Scottish Evangelical Theology,” Evangelical Quarterly 80 (2008): 237–53.

Young, B. W. Religion and Enlightenment in Eighteenth-Century England. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998.

Youngs, William T. God's Messengers: Religious Leadership in Colonial New England, 1700–1750. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976. (p.306)