There is complete agreement among scholars that it is constitutionally permissible to teach about religion in public schools and universities. How to do this properly may be somewhat more controversial, though as suggested at the end of the last chapter, there is also a good deal of consensus about this. The governing virtue—in both the common-ground statements and in court rulings—is neutrality. Public schools and universities are to be neutral in matters of religion. But, as argued in Chapter 4, schools and universities are not now neutral. To be neutral they must take religion seriously. This chapter argues that, as the US Supreme Court now interprets the First Amendment, schools and universities are required to take religion seriously.
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