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Trouble in the WestEgypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC$
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Stephen Ruzicka

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199766628

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.001.0001

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The Egyptian War and the King's Peace, 387–386

The Egyptian War and the King's Peace, 387–386

(p.77) Chapter 8 The Egyptian War and the King's Peace, 387–386
Trouble in the West

Stephen Ruzicka

Oxford University Press

From the Persian perspective, the situation in Egypt and in the Aegean deteriorated during 388 as Acoris regained sole power and thus freedom of movement and as both Athens and Sparta were engaged in territorial aggrandizement and, in need of additional resources, might be drawn into cooperation with Egypt in return for subsidies. Such concerns explain Artaxerxes’ adoption of a pro-Spartan stance, his peace with Sparta, and his determination to impose a common peace on the Greek world. To gain leverage, the Athenians operated aggressively, sending a force to campaign with Evagoras on Cyprus. Though Persian-Spartan control of the Hellespont and the Black Sea–Aegean grain route compelled Athenian assent to peace terms, the ensuing King's Peace granted the Athenians exemptions from the prohibition against impinging on the autonomy of Greek states, which allowed them to hold on to important islands near the mouth of the Hellespont. The King's Peace represented a new Persian strategy to ensure there would be no mainland Greek support for Egypt.

Keywords:   Acoris, Artaxerxes II, Sparta, King's Peace, Antalcidas, Evagoras

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