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Trouble in the WestEgypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC$
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Stephen Ruzicka

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199766628

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.001.0001

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To Egypt: Preparations and Campaign, 391–387

To Egypt: Preparations and Campaign, 391–387

Chapter:
(p.66) Chapter 7 To Egypt: Preparations and Campaign, 391–387
Source:
Trouble in the West
Author(s):

Stephen Ruzicka

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0008

The first fourth-century Persian attack on Egypt most likely took place in 390/89–388/7. Security arrangements, in place by 391/0, involved use of Athens’ new fleet to deter any Spartan initiative in the west and installation on Cyprus of a force under Hecatomnus, the native satrap of Caria, to secure Cyprus and safeguard staging areas in Phoenicia. Despite lengthy preparations and the presence of experienced Persian generals, there is no evidence of any significant Persian-Egyptian battles in Egypt. This is best explained by noting that the Egyptian king, Acoris, faced with a usurper who had gained control of Upper Egypt and Memphis, dared not lose troops in battle and avoided engagement. The Persians, in turn, aware of the debilitating political situation, simply waited in the expectation that internal Egyptian discord would allow them to regain control of Egypt without fighting.

Keywords:   Persian Empire, Egypt, Acoris, Isocrates, Hecatomnus, Evagoras

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