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Trouble in the WestEgypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC$
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Stephen Ruzicka

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199766628

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.001.0001

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Securing the Eastern Mediterranean, 400–395

Securing the Eastern Mediterranean, 400–395

(p.41) Chapter 5 Securing the Eastern Mediterranean, 400–395
Trouble in the West

Stephen Ruzicka

Oxford University Press

With the whole of Egypt and all Egyptian resources, including ships, in native hands, Artaxerxes had to plan a much different and larger campaign than that prepared in 403–401. Though Greek sources are unaware of Artaxerxes’ real concerns and thus his strategic aims, we can detect in Greek sources’ accounts of Persian naval preparations and activities the features of a Persian security system developed by Artaxerxes II which involved the creation of a two-tiered maritime guard force intended to prevent any interference with the large-scale Persian preparations for an attack on Egypt. The security system comprised an interior maritime guard of Phoenician ships which patrolled the eastern Mediterranean and an outer or western maritime guard force of Cypriot ships manned largely by Athenian crews and commanded by the Athenian Conon, which ultimately took up position opposite Rhodes to intercept any Spartan thrust into the eastern Mediterranean and then, displacing the Spartans, occupied Rhodes.

Keywords:   Conon, Spartan-Persian War, Agesilaus, Evagoras, Pharnabazus, Tissaphernes, Phoenicia

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