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Trouble in the WestEgypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC$
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Stephen Ruzicka

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199766628

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.001.0001

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Loss and Recovery of the Middle Territory, 350–345

Loss and Recovery of the Middle Territory, 350–345

(p.164) chapter 17 Loss and Recovery of the Middle Territory, 350–345
Trouble in the West

Stephen Ruzicka

Oxford University Press

Literary evidence, coins, and Persian records of prisoner transfers allow us to reconstruct the story of Phoenician and Cypriot revolt in reaction to Persian efforts to mount another Egyptian campaign as quickly as possible after the 351 failure. By 348, Phoenician cities, having gained promises of support from Nectanebo, king of Egypt, revolted and succeeded in driving off the Persian response led by Mazaeus. Cypriot revolt followed. Artaxerxes moved slowly and carefully, amassing a huge force to deal with Phoenician cities and Egypt and creating another force led by the Athenian Phocion to deal with Cyprus. The great size of the Persian army carried the day in 345, impelling the surrender of the Sidonian king. Artaxerxes had Sidon burned with great loss of life. This served to bring about surrender of other rebel cities.

Keywords:   Sidon, Tennes, Phoenician Revolt, Cypriot Revolt, Mentor, Artaxerxes III, Bagoas

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