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Trouble in the WestEgypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC$
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Stephen Ruzicka

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199766628

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.001.0001

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Artaxerxes III: King and Commander, 358–350

Artaxerxes III: King and Commander, 358–350

(p.154) chapter 16 Artaxerxes III: King and Commander, 358–350
Trouble in the West

Stephen Ruzicka

Oxford University Press

Ochus (as Artaxerxes III) succeeded Artaxerxes II in still disputed circumstances. He sought to exterminate all remaining potential rivals, including many brothers and other relatives, most notably Artabazus, offspring of Pharnabazus and a daughter of Artaxerxes II and presently satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia. It took until 353, when Artabazus fled to Macedonia. Artaxerxes III then prepared and led a new campaign against Egypt. No certain details survive about this campaign beyond its failure. It is possible that the loss of many troops to the quicksand region known as “the Pits,” which Diodorus connects with Artaxerxes’ next campaign, actually took place at this time and contributed to Persian failure.

Keywords:   Artaxerxes III, Mercenaries Decree, Artabazus, Social War, Chares, Pammenes, Mazaeus, Nectanebo II

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