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Trouble in the WestEgypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC$
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Stephen Ruzicka

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199766628

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.001.0001

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Tachos: Campaign and Collapse, 360–359

Tachos: Campaign and Collapse, 360–359

(p.145) chapter 14 Tachos: Campaign and Collapse, 360–359
Trouble in the West

Stephen Ruzicka

Oxford University Press

In 360/59, the Egyptian king Tachos led in person an enormous offensive (unaffected by the resumption of loyalty on the part of rebel satraps in Anatolia) aimed at laying claim to the whole of Syria-Palestine. Tachos’ nephew Nectanebo commanded the native machimoi, the Spartan king Agesilaus commanded the mercenary force, and the Athenian Chabrias commanded the fleet. There was no Persian opposition to the advancing force, and Nectanebo's force penetrated into Syria, probably heading for the Euphrates. This all collapsed, however, as a result of dynastic challenge back in Egypt by the Mendesian line of Acoris. Tachos’ own brother and regent in Egypt repudiated him and persuaded Nectanebo to lay claim to kingship. Tachos fled, making his way to Artaxerxes (and hoping to regain the kingship with Persian backing). Nectanebo gained the support of Agesilaus and, abandoning the offensive, turned back to Egypt to contend with the Mendesian claimant.

Keywords:   Tachos, Nectanebo, Agesilaus, Chabrias, Mendes, Artaxerxes II

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