A Post-Islamist Turn?
Since the end of the civil war in 1990, the resistance movement Hizbullah transformed by altering its ideology and militant character of the 1980s – when it anathematized the political system and regarded the Lebanese state as an apostate – to a gradual integration process into political and public life. Within the domains of its infitah (‘opening-up’) project, Hizbullah implemented its integration (moderation) program through a bona fide policy shift that seemingly adheres to the wilayat al-faqih (guardianship of the jurisprudent) rhetoric, while in reality it has distanced itself from it by providing alternative reading, justification, and reinterpretation. Could Hizbullah’s infitah policy be interpreted as a post-Islamist trend or read as a bottom-up Islamization in disguise?
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