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Post-IslamismThe Changing Faces of Political Islam$
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Asef Bayat

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199766062

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766062.001.0001

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Syria’s Unusual “Islamic Trend”:

Syria’s Unusual “Islamic Trend”:

Political Reformists, the Ulema, and Democracy

(p.321) 12Syria’s Unusual “Islamic Trend”:

Thomas Pierret

Oxford University Press

Analysing the Syrian religious scene through the concept of post-Islamism might entail two problems. First, looking for a recent break with past ideological stances may lead to overlook the fact that such “post-Islamist” principles as parliamentary rule, political pluralism and the citizenship of non-Muslims were adopted by the Syrian Muslim brothers as early as the 1950s. Second, whereas Asef Bayat sees duties and rights as the respective focuses of Islamists and post-Islamists, I argue that in fact they constitute relatively permanent centers of interests of two categories of Syrian Islamic actors throughout modern history, namely, the ulama and lay political activists. Building on the assumption made in the second section, I argue in the third part that political reform is a precondition to religious reform, not the opposite.

Keywords:   Syria, Islamism, Muslim Brotherhood, Ulema

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