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Poetry of KingsThe Classical Hindi Literature of Mughal India$
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Allison Busch

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199765928

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765928.001.0001

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Rīti Literature at the Mughal Court

Rīti Literature at the Mughal Court

(p.130) 4 Rīti Literature at the Mughal Court
Poetry of Kings

Allison Busch

Oxford University Press

This chapter looks at the lives and texts of important Brajbhasha writers who were associated with the Mughal court. Although this court is most often linked to Persian literature, a surprising number of Brajbhasha poets also attracted the notice of Mughal patrons. Their achievements have been largely lost to the historical record; thus, uncovering the nature of the social, political and cultural interactions that the Mughal patronage of Brajbhasha represents opens up new perspectives on the period. Brajbhasha writers—prominent figures include Kavindracharya Sarasvati, Sundar, and Vrind—performed a variety of functions for the court. They could be teachers, poets, musicians, even ambassadors. Some members of the Mughal political establishment, such as Rahim, also tried their hand at Hindi literary composition. Contrary to conventional wisdom, this pattern continued into the reign of Aurangzeb and beyond.

Keywords:   Mughalcourt, Brajbhasha, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb, Kavindracharya Sarasvati, Sundar, Rahim, Vrind

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