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Consciousness and the Prospects of Physicalism$
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Derk Pereboom

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199764037

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764037.001.0001

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Robust Nonreductive Physicalism

Robust Nonreductive Physicalism

Chapter:
(p.123) 7 Robust Nonreductive Physicalism
Source:
Consciousness and the Prospects of Physicalism
Author(s):

Derk Pereboom (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764037.003.0007

Chapter 7 sets out a robust conception of nonreductive physicalism in which mental entities, either type or token, are not identical with neural or microphysical entities, and mental causes are causally efficacious as mental. I then examine whether nonreductive physicalism can finesse the causal exclusion problem that Jaegwon Kim has pressed. I claim that it can, and that one way it to do so is by grounding the mental in the neural and the microphysical by a constitution relation. I then set out my version of this position and differentiate it from other nonreductive physicalist views. Subsequently I argue that there are significant differences between the controversial sort of emergentism and a plausible sort of nonreductive physicalism, and that nonreductive physicalist need not be emergentist in this sense.

Keywords:   nonreductive physicalism, reductionism, causal exclusion, identity, token identity, constitution, realization, causal power, emergence, Jaegwon Kim, Lynne Baker

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