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Exit Strategies and State Building$
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Richard Caplan

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199760114

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199760114.001.0001

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Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone

(p.100) 6 Sierra Leone
Exit Strategies and State Building

Alhaji Sarjoh Bah

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the strategies (or lack thereof) employed by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the UN for their exits from Sierra Leone. It compares ECOWAS’s lack of an exit strategy and its dependence on one troop contributor, Nigeria, with the UN Mission in Sierra Leone, which had an exit strategy that was based on key benchmarks—the most successful exit process by the UN to date. ECOWAS’s exit from Sierra Leone was dictated largely by domestic political developments in Nigeria, which proved problematic. While progress in revamping Sierra Leone’s security and political institutions has been relatively easy to achieve, the same cannot be said for revitalizing Sierra Leone’s postwar economy. This points to a huge deficit in international responses to postconflict reconstruction, despite the establishment of the Peacebuilding Commission, which in its initial period has fallen short of expectations.

Keywords:   Sierra Leone, Revolutionary United Front, ECOWAS/ECOMOG, UNAMSIL, benchmarks, UNIOSIL

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