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Exit Strategies and State Building$
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Richard Caplan

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199760114

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199760114.001.0001

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Competing Normative Visions of Exit

Competing Normative Visions of Exit

(p.261) 14 Competing Normative Visions of Exit
Exit Strategies and State Building

Ralph Wilde

Oxford University Press

This chapter offers a critical evaluation of two ideas in international law and public policy that offer mutually contrasting visions as to the basis on which foreign territorial administration—whether colonialism, administration by states under the League of Nations Mandate and UN Trusteeship systems, occupation by states, or territorial administration by international organizations—should be brought to an end. The first is the “trusteeship” model, whereby foreign territorial administration is understood in terms of remedying some kind of deficiency in local administration. Under this model, the duration of foreign territorial administration is ostensibly tied up with an improvement in the quality of local governance. The second is the “self-determination” model, according to which people have a right to be free from foreign control by virtue of their right to autonomy, regardless of whether local capacities for self-administration are deemed adequate. This chapter discusses the contrasting fortunes of each normative vision in mediating the treatment of foreign territorial administration and what is at stake in choosing between them when determining the basis for exits from foreign territorial administration operations today.

Keywords:   civilizing mission, colonial administration, international law, international territorial administration, mandates, occupation, self-determination, state-building, trusteeship

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