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Exit Strategies and State Building$
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Richard Caplan

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199760114

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199760114.001.0001

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Exit and Military Occupations

Exit and Military Occupations

(p.197) 11 Exit and Military Occupations
Exit Strategies and State Building

Gregory H. Fox

Oxford University Press

Do the experiences of occupying powers provide any useful lessons for exit from multilateral state-building missions? The two share many characteristics: both have followed the end of an armed conflict, both intimately involve outsiders in questions of how a state is governed, and both would appear to share the objective of leaving behind a state at peace, one in which all major factions are sufficiently engaged in new political institutions to avoid a return to fighting. This chapter concludes that despite these similarities, substantial differences between occupation and multilateral state-building make direct comparisons difficult. Occupying powers have generally not used liberal social reforms—the primary objective of multilateral state-building missions—to secure the long-term peace, because their reasons for going to war in the first place generally did not involve ending internal strife within states and building cohesive societies. The exceptions—four cases of “transformative occupation”—can help illuminate when reformist missions, once undertaken, are likely to succeed.

Keywords:   belligerent, civil war, military occupation, international law, transformative occupation

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