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Rethinking the GoodMoral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning$
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Larry S. Temkin

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199759446

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.001.0001

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On the Value of Utility and Two Models for Combining Ideals

On the Value of Utility and Two Models for Combining Ideals

(p.313) 10 On the Value of Utility and Two Models for Combining Ideals
Rethinking the Good

Larry S. Temkin

Oxford University Press

The previous chapters argued that we have a number of important beliefs that are inconsistent, and explored numerous objections, responses, and implications of this book's arguments. It was noted that often, in comparing outcomes, we adopt an additive-aggregationist approach, but often we adopt an anti-additive-aggregationist approach, and each approach seems plausible depending on the context. This chapter turns to important new issues, considering how such approaches fit with our understanding of the value of utility, and the relation between utility and other ideals. It explores different way of understanding the value of utility and two different models for combining ideals, one of which (seemingly) fits additive-aggregationist views and the other of which (seemingly) fits anti-additive-aggregationist views. Exploring the value of utility and the different models for combining ideals will shed significant new light on the nature of the good, and the relations, scope, and structure of ideals.

Keywords:   additive-aggregationist approach, anti-additive-aggregationist approach, utility, ideals

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