(Newspaper and magazine articles referenced in notes only.)
Alpert, Hollis. The Life and Times of Porgy and Bess. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1990.
Axtell, Katherine. “Maiden Voyage: The Genesis and Reception of Show Boat, 1926–1932.” PhD diss., University of Rochester, 2009.
Banfield, Stephen. Jerome Kern. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006.
Block, Geoffrey. “The Melody (and the Words) Linger On: American Musical Comedies of the 1920s and 1930s.” In The Cambridge Companion to the Musical, 2nd ed. Edited by William A. Everett and Paul R. Laird. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Block, Geoffrey. Enchanted Evenings: The Broadway Musical from Show Boat to Sondheim. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Bordman, Gerald. Jerome Kern: His Life and Music. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.
Bordman, Gerald. American Operetta: From H.M.S. Pinafore to Sweeney Todd. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981.
Boyle, Sheila Tully, and Andrew Bunie. Paul Robeson: The Years of Promise and Achievement. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2001.
Breon, Robin. “Show Boat: The Revival, The Racism.” Drama Review 39 (Summer 1995): 86–105.
Brown, Jayna. Babylon Girls: Black Women Performers and the Shaping of the Modern. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2008.
Cantor, Eddie. Ziegfeld: The Great Glorifier. New York: A. H. King, 1934.
Colvan, Zeke. Face the Footlights!: A New and Practical Approach to Acting. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1940.
Cox, Karen L. Dreaming of Dixie: How the South Was Created in American Popular Culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.
Curtis Burlin, Natalie. “Negro Music at Birth.” Musical Quarterly 5, no. 1 (January 1919): 86–89.
Curtis, James. James Whale: A New World of Gods and Monsters. Boston: Faber and Faber, 1998.
Davidson, Donald. The Spyglass: Views and Reviews, 1924–1930. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 1963.
Decker, Todd. “Black/White Encounters on the American Musical Stage and Screen (1924–2005).” PhD diss., University of Michigan, 2007.
Decker, Todd. “‘Do you want to hear a Mammy song?’: A Historiography of Show Boat.” Contemporary Theatre Review 19, no. 1 (February 2009): 8–21.
Decker, Todd. Music Makes Me: Fred Astaire and Jazz. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011.
Decker, Todd. “Race, Ethnicity, Performance.” In The Oxford Handbook of the American Musical. Edited by Raymond Knapp, Mitchell Morris, and Stacy Wolf. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
(p.288) DeFrantz, Thomas F. Dancing Revelations: Alvin Ailey’s Embodiment of African American Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Dickinson, Rogers. Edna Ferber: A Biographical Sketch with a Bibliography. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran and Co., 1925.
Drabinsky, Garth, with Marq de Villiers. Closer to the Sun: An Autobiography. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1995.
Duberman, Martin Bauml. Paul Robeson. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1988.
Emery, Lynne Fauley. Black Dance: From 1619 to Today. 2nd rev. ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Book Company, 1988.
Everett, William A. Sigmund Romberg. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007.
Ferber, Edna. Show Boat. New York: Doubleday, Page and Co., 1926.
Ferber, Edna. A Peculiar Treasure. New York: Doubleday, 1939.
Fields, Armond. Women Vaudeville Stars: Eighty Biographical Profiles. Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company, 2006.
Foley, Neil. The White Scourge: Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.
Forbes, Camille F. Introducing Bert Williams: Burnt Cork, Broadway, and the Story of America’s First Black Star. New York: Basic Books, 2008.
Fordin, Hugh. M-G-M’s Greatest Musicals: The Arthur Freed Unit. New York: Da Capo Press, 1996.
Foulkes, Julia L. Modern Bodies: Dance and American Modernism from Martha Graham to Alvin Ailey. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.
Frost, Jennifer. Hedda Hopper’s Hollywood: Celebrity Gossip and American Conservatism. New York: New York University Press, 2011.
Gabler, Neal. Walt Disney: The Triumph of the American Imagination. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006.
Gatiss, Mark. James Whale: A Biography or The Would-Be Gentleman. New York: Cassell, 1995.
Giesberg, Robert I., Carl Cunningham, and Alan Rich. Houston Grand Opera at Fifty. Houston, TX: Herring Press, 2005.
Graziano, John. “Images of African Americans: African-American Musical Theatre, Show Boat and Porgy and Bess.” In The Cambridge Companion to the Musical. Edited by William A. Everett and Paul R. Laird. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Hammerstein, Oscar Andrew. The Hammersteins: A Musical Theatre Family. New York: Black Dog and Leventhal Publishers, 2010.
Hammerstein, Oscar II. Lyrics. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1949.
Hammerstein, Oscar II. Lyrics (1949). Edited by William Hammerstein. New York: Hal Leonard Books, 1985.
Hammerstein, Oscar II. The Complete Lyrics of Oscar Hammerstein II. Edited by Amy Asch. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2008.
Hardwicke, Cedric. Let’s Pretend: Recollections and Reflections of a Lucky Actor. London: Grayson and Grayson, 1932.
Harkins, Anthony. Hillbilly: A Cultural History of an American Icon. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
(p.289) Helm, MacKinley. Angel Mo’ and her Son, Roland Hayes. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1942.
Hirsch, Foster. Harold Prince and the American Musical Theatre. 2nd ed. New York: Applause Books, 2005.
Hughes, Langston, and Milton Meltzer. Black Magic: A Pictorial History of the African-American in the Performing Arts. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1967.
Ilson, Carol. Harold Prince: A Director’s Journey. New York: Limelight Editions, 2000.
Keel, Howard, with Joyce Spizer. Only Make Believe: My Life in Show Business. Fort Lee, NJ: Barricade Books, 2005.
Kirle, Bruce. Unfinished Show Business: Broadway Musicals as Works-in-Process. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2005.
Knapp, Raymond. The American Musical and the Formation of National Identity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005.
Knapp, Raymond. “Performance, Authenticity, and the Reflexive Idealism of the American Musical.” In The Oxford Handbook of the American Musical. Edited by Raymond Knapp, Mitchell Morris, and Stacy Wolf. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Kobal, John. People Will Talk. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1985.
Krasner, David. A Beautiful Pageant: African American Theatre, Drama, and Performance in the Harlem Renaissance, 1910–1927. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.
Kreuger, Miles. Show Boat: The Story of a Classic American Musical. New York: Oxford University Press, 1977.
Kreuger, Miles. “Some Words about Show Boat.” Liner note for Show Boat, conducted by John McGlinn. EMI-Angel, 1988.
Laine, Cleo. Cleo. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994.
Lerner, Michael A. Dry Manhattan: Prohibition in New York City. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.
Lovensheimer, Jim. South Pacific: Paradise Rewritten. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Manning, Susan. Modern Dance, Negro Dance: Race in Motion. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.
Maxwell, Gilbert. Helen Morgan: Her Life and Legend. New York: Hawthorn Books, 1974.
Mazo, Joseph H. Prime Movers: The Makers of Modern Dance in America. 2nd ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Book Company, 2000.
McMillin, Scott. “Paul Robeson, Will Vodery’s ‘Jubilee Singers,’ and the Earliest Script of the Kern-Hammerstein Show Boat.” Theatre Survey 41, no. 2 (November 2000): 51–70.
Mordden, Ethan. Make Believe: The Broadway Musical in the 1920s. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Most, Andrea. Making Americans: Jews and the Broadway Musical. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.
Murray, Albert. Stomping the Blues. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976.
Parker, Dorothy. Complete Stories. New York: Penguin Books, 1995.
Patterson, Michelle Wick. Natalie Curtis Burlin: A Life in Native and African American Music. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2010.
(p.290) Peretti, Burton W. Nightclub City: Politics and Amusement in Manhattan. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007.
Perpener, John O. III. African-American Concert Dance: The Harlem Renaissance and Beyond. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2001.
Peterson, Bernard L. A Century of Musicals in Black and White: An Encyclopedia of Musical Stage Works By, About, or Involving African Americans. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993.
Peterson, Bernard L. Profiles of African American Stage Performers and Theatre People, 1816–1960. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001.
Philip, M. Nourbese. Showing Grit: Showboating North of the 44th Parallel. Toronto: Poui Publications, 1993.
Randall, James. “Becoming Jerome Kern: The Early Songs and Shows, 1903–1915.” PhD diss., University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 2004.
Ries, Frank W. D. “Sammy Lee: The Broadway Career.” Dance Chronicle 9, no. 1 (1986): 1–95.
Robeson, Eslanda Goode. Paul Robeson, Negro. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1930.
S. D., Trav. No Applause—Just Throw Money: The Book that Made Vaudeville Famous. New York: Faber and Faber, 2005.
Schwartz, Peggy, and Murray Schwartz. The Dance Claimed Me: A Biography of Pearl Primus. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2011.
Sergeant, Elizabeth Shepley, and E. O. Hoppé. Fire under the Andes: A Group of North American Portraits. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1927.
Smyth, J. E. Edna Ferber’s Hollywood: American Fictions of Gender, Race, and History. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010.
Sokol, Martin. The New York City Opera: An American Adventure. New York: Macmillan, 1981.
Stearns, Marshall, and Jean Stearns. Jazz Dance: The Story of American Vernacular Dance. New York: Macmillan, 1968.
Stempel, Larry. Showtime: A History of the Broadway Musical Theater. New York: W. W. Norton, 2010.
Swain, Joseph P. The Broadway Musical: A Critical and Musical Survey. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Tamiris, Helen. “Tamiris in Her Own Voice: Draft of an Autobiography (transcribed, edited, and annotated by Daniel Nagrin).” Studies in Dance History 1, no. 1 (Fall/Winter 1989): 1–64.
Telotte, J. P. The Mouse Machine: Disney and Technology. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008.
Tinkcom, Matthew. “‘Dozing Off During History’: Hairspray’s Iterations and the Gift of Black Music.” In The Sound of Musicals. Edited by Steven Cohan. NewYork: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
Traubner, Richard. Operetta: A Theatrical History. New York: Routledge, 2003.
Tucker, Mark. “In Search of Will Vodery.” Black Music Research Journal 16, no. 1 (Spring 1996): 123–82.
Van Gelder, Robert. Writers and Writing. New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1946.
(p.291) White, Walter. “The Paradox of Color.” In The New Negro: An Interpretation. Edited by Alain Locke. New York: Albert and Charles Boni, 1925.
Williams, Linda. Playing the Race Card: Melodramas of Black and White from Uncle Tom to O. J. Simpson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001.
Wilson, Christopher P. White Collar Fictions: Class and Social Representation in American Literature, 1885–1925. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1992.
Woll, Allen L. Black Musical Theatre: From Coontown to Dreamgirls. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989.
Ziegfeld, Richard, and Paulette Ziegfeld. The Ziegfeld Touch: The Life and Times of Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr. New York: H. N. Abrams, 1993. (p.292)