Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Giving Voice to LoveSong and Self-Expression from the Troubadours to Guillaume de Machaut$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Judith A. Peraino

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199757244

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757244.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 18 February 2019

Machaut's Turn to Monophony

Machaut's Turn to Monophony

(p.235) 5 Machaut's Turn to Monophony
Giving Voice to Love

Judith A. Peraino

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with the question: Why did Guillaume de Machaut write so many monophonic virelais? Of the thirty-three virelais, twenty-five are monophonic, while only eight are polyphonic (seven for two voices, one for three voices); even not counting these polyphonic virelais, the twenty-five monophonic virelais constitute the second most numerous genre in his musical oeuvre. The chapter examines the expressive meaning of both monophony and the virelai form, which is the only forme fixe to feature a substantial refrain, in the context of the Remede de Fortune, the Voir Dit, and his “collected works” manuscripts; and it considers their possible genealogical ties to Occitan dansas and their relationship to Machaut’s other monophonic—and decidedly archaic—genre, the lai. Furthermore, a series of Machaut’s lais alternate male and female voices, and a few but significant examples of his virelais follow suit. As both nostalgic and new, the monophonic virelai participates in Machaut’s programmatic exploration of the expressive lyric voice that also involves an exploration of the gendered voice.

Keywords:   virelai, lai, dansa, chanson baladée, cantigas, zajal, Guillaume de Machaut, Jehan de Lescurel, Roman de Fauvel, Remede de Fortune, Voir Dit

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .