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Giving Voice to LoveSong and Self-Expression from the Troubadours to Guillaume de Machaut$
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Judith A. Peraino

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199757244

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757244.001.0001

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Delinquent Descorts and Medieval Lateness

Delinquent Descorts and Medieval Lateness

(p.76) 2 Delinquent Descorts and Medieval Lateness
Giving Voice to Love

Judith A. Peraino

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the emergence of the descort in troubadour and trouvère repertories and its particularly self-conscious play with form, genre, and performance. Disruption and belatedness define the descort, which is a heterostrophic lyric genre that expresses the idea of “discord” in formal and melodic ways by orchestrating conflicts between sense and sound. Only four Occitan descorts survive with music, and three of these are late additions to the chansonnier trouv. M (P-BNF fr. 844), which contains the largest single collection of notated French descorts as well. Here we can see an exchange of ideas among various scribes who “interpreted” descorts at different stages of the manuscript’s production. Musical and paleographical evidence further suggests the influence of these late Occitan descorts on the lais and chansons added to the manuscript at some point after the Occitan descorts. Thus the descorts began a domino effect of musical composition within trouv. M that appears to be self-consciously discordant with the musical tradition of the chanson.

Keywords:   descorts, sirventes, lais, chansons, Aimeric de Peguilhan, Guilhem Augier Novella, Raimbaut de Vaqueiras, manuscrit du roi, lateness

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