Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
When Sparrows Became HawksThe Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Purnima Dhavan

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199756551

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756551.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 16 December 2018

The Making of a Sikh Sardar

The Making of a Sikh Sardar

Two Jassa Singhs and The Place of Sikhs in the Eighteenth-Century Military Labor Market

(p.74) 4 The Making of a Sikh Sardar
When Sparrows Became Hawks

Purnima Dhavan

Oxford University Press

Two martial traditions existed by the mid-eighteenth century within the Khalsa. Peasants had had a history of earning livelihoods as soldiers in the armies of local chiefs and Mughal officers. As Khalsa Sikhs began to define their own code of conduct for soldiers, they came to view such paid mercenary service (naukari) as contemptible. Texts written to instruct Khalsa Sikhs attempted to reduce the complicated choices facing Sikh soldiers and commanders or sardars to a stark moral view that valorized fidelity to the Khalsa while strongly condemning any collaborations with non-Sikhs. By examining how two chiefs in this time period attempted to navigate the complicated realities of surviving the civil conflict while still demonstrating respect for Khalsa ethical injunctions (rahit), this chapter highlights the complex ways in which such competing pressures shaped the actions of Sikh chiefs.

Keywords:   Jassa Singh Ahluwalia, Jassa Singh Ramgarhia, naukari, military labor market, Khalsa Sikhs, sardar, rahit

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .