Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Luck of the DrawThe Role of Lotteries in Decision Making$

Peter Stone

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199756100

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756100.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 26 February 2017

(p.179) Bibliography

(p.179) Bibliography

Source:
The Luck of the Draw
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Abramson, Jeffrey. We, the Jury: The Jury System and the Ideal of Democracy. New York: Basic Books, 1994.

Ackerman, Bruce A. Social Justice in the Liberal State. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1980.

Adams, John. “Letter to John Penn.” In Works, Vol. IV. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1851.

Alford, C. Fred. “The ‘Iron Law of Oligarchy’ in the Athenian Polis…and Today.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 18, no. 2 (June 1985): 295–312.

Allen, Nick. “Michael Jackson: Online Lottery for Memorial Service Tickets.” Telegraph, July 3, 2009.

Alloy, Lauren B., and Lyn Y. Abramson, “Judgment of Contingency in Depressed and Nondepressed Students: Sadder but Wiser?” Journal of Experimental Psychology 108, no. 4 (1979): 441–85.

Amar, Akhil Reed. “Choosing Representatives by Lottery Voting,” Yale Law Journal 93 (1984): 1283–308.

Anscombe, G. E. M. “Modern Moral Philosophy.” Philosophy 33 (January 1958): 1–19.

Archibold, Randal C. “Election at a Draw, Arizona Town Cuts a Deck.” New York Times, June 17, 2009.

Associated Press. “N. Dakota Town Has Coin Flip Vote.” Associated Press Online, June 22, 1998.

Astin, Alexander W. “Total View of Campus Unrest.” Science n.s. 166, no. 3908 (November 21, 1969): 945.

Aubert, Vilhelm. “Chance in Social Affairs.” Inquiry 2 (Spring 1959): 1–24.

Aumann, Robert J. “Agreeing to Disagree.” Annals of Statistics 4, no. 6 (November 1976): 1236–39.

Austen-Smith, David, and Jeffrey S. Banks. Positive Political Theory I. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999.

Barber, Benjamin. Strong Democracy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

Barnett, Anthony, and Peter Carty. The Athenian Option: Radical Reform for the House of Lords, 2nd ed. Exeter: Imprint Academic, 2008.

Barry, Brian. Justice as Impartiality. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995.

Becker, Ted, Paul Szep, and Dwight Ritter. Un-Vote for a New America. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1976.

Beitz, Charles R. Political Equality: An Essay in Democratic Theory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Bellhouse, D. R., and J. Franklin. “The Language of Chance.” International Statistical Review 65, no. 1 (1997): 73–85.

Belluck, Pam. “Coin Takes a Jersey Bounce in a Little Town on the Prairie.” New York Times, July 25, 1998, p. A6.

(p.180) Borges, Jorge Luis. “The Lottery in Babylon.” In Labyrinths: Selected Stories & Other Writings. New York: New Directions, 1964.

Boyle, Conall. “Organizations Selecting People: How the Process Could Be Made Fairer by the Appropriate Use of Lotteries.” Statistician 47, no. 2 (1998): 291–321.

Broome, John. “Selecting People Randomly.” Ethics 95 (October 1984): 38–55.

Broome, John. “Fairness.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, n.s., 91 (1990–1991): 87–102.

Brown, Mark B. “Citizen Panels and the Concept of Representation.” Journal of Political Philosophy 14, no. 2 (2006): 203–25.

Buchstein, Hubertus, and Michael Hein. “Randomizing Europe: The Lottery as a Decision-Making Procedure for Policy Creation in the EU.” Critical Policy Studies 3, no. 1 (April 2009): 29–57.

Burnheim, John. Is Democracy Possible?, 2nd ed. Sydney: Sydney University Press, 2006.

Cahn, Edmond. The Moral Decision: Right and Wrong in the Light of American Law. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1955.

Calabresi, Guido, and Philip Bobbitt. Tragic Choices. New York: W.W. Norton, 1978.

Callenbach, Ernest, and Michael Phillips. “A Citizen Legislature.” In A People's Parliament/A Citizen Legislature, Keith Sutherland, Ernest Callenbach, and Michael Phillips. Exeter: Imprint Academic, 2008.

Carroll, Lewis. “What the Tortoise Said to Achilles.” Mind, n.s. 4, no. 14 (April 1895): 278–80.

Carson, Lyn, and Brian Martin. Random Selection in Politics. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1999.

Chaitin, Gregory J. “On the Difficulty of Computations.” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory IT 16, no. 1 (January 1970): 5–9.

Chaitin, Gregory J. “Randomness and Mathematical Proof.” Scientific American 232 (1975): 47–52.

Chang, Ruth, ed. Incommensurability, Incomparability, and Practical Reason. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Childress, James. “Who Shall Live When Not All Can Live?” Soundings 43, no. 4 (1970): 339–55.

Cobb, Humphrey. Paths of Glory. New York: Viking, 1935.

Cohen, G. A. Rescuing Justice and Equality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.

Cohen, Joshua. “Democratic Equality.” Ethics 99 (1989): 727–51.

Constant, Benjamin. “The Liberty of the Ancients Compared with That of the Moderns.” In Political Writings. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Coons, John E. “Approaches to Court Imposed Compromise: The Uses of Doubt and Reason.” Northwestern University Law Review 58, no. 6 (January/February 1964): 750–94.

Coote, Anna, and Jo Lenaghan. Citizens’ Juries: Theory into Practice. London: Institute for Public Policy Research, 1997.

Cooter, Robert, and Stephen Marks, with Robert Mnookin. “Bargaining in the Shadow of the Law: A Testable Model of Strategic Behavior.” Journal of Legal Studies 11 (1982): 225–51.

Crick, Francis. What Mad Pursuit: A Personal View of Scientific Discovery. New York: Basic Books, 1988.

Crosby, Ned. “Citizens Juries: One Solution for Difficult Environmental Questions.” In Fairness and Competence in Citizen Participation, edited by Ortwin Renn, Thomas Webler, and Peter Wiedemann. Boston: Kluwer, 1995.

Cuéllar, Mariano-Florentino. “Auditing Executive Discretion.” Notre Dame Law Review 82 (2006–2007): 227–311.

Curtis, Polly. “Universities Use ‘Lottery System’ to Select Candidates.” Guardian, April 27, 2004.

Dahl, Robert A. After the Revolution? Authority in a Good Society. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1970.

Daniels, Norman, Donald W. Light, and Ronald L. Caplan. Benchmarks of Fairness for Health Care Reform. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

DeLong, Howard. A Refutation of Arrow's Theorem. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1991.

(p.181) Department of Education. “Charter Schools Program Title V, Part B: Non-Regulatory Guidance.” Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, July 2004.

Dewey, John. The Public & Its Problems. Athens, OH: Swallow Press, 1954.

Dienel, Peter C., and Ortwin Renn. “Planning Cells: A Gate to ‘Fractal’ Mediation.” In Fairness and Competence in Citizen Participation: Evaluating Models for Environmental Discourse, edited by Ortwin Renn, Thomas Webler, and Peter Wiedemann. Boston: Kluwer, 1995.

Dowlen, Oliver. The Political Potential of Sortition. Exeter: Imprint Academic, 2008a.

Dowlen, Oliver. Sorted: Civic Lotteries and the Future of Public Participation. Toronto: MASS LBP, 2008b.

Dowlen, Oliver. “Sorting Out Sortition: A Perspective on the Random Selection of Political Officers.” Political Studies 57 (2009): 298–315.

Duckett, Beth. “Candidate Draws Card to Win Cave Creek Council Seat.” Arizona Republic, June 16, 2009.

Duxbury, Neil. Random Justice: On Lotteries and Legal Decision-Making. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999.

Dworkin, Ronald. Sovereign Virtue. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002.

Elster, Jon. Explaining Technical Change. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Elster, Jon. Ulysses and the Sirens, rev. ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Elster, Jon. Solomonic Judgments. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Elster, Jon. Local Justice: How Institutions Allocate Scarce Goods and Necessary Burdens. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1992.

Elster, Jon. “Introduction: The Idea of Local Justice.” In Jon Elster, ed. Local Justice in America. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1995.

Engelstad, Fredrik. “The Assignment of Political Office by Lot.” Social Science Information 28 (1989): 23–50.

Estlund, David M. Democratic Authority: A Philosophical Framework. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008.

Finlay, Robert. Politics in Renaissance Venice. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1980.

Fishkin, James S. Justice, Equal Opportunity, and the Family. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1983.

Fishkin, James S. Democracy and Deliberation. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1991.

Fishkin, James S. The Voice of the People. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

Fishkin, James S. When the People Speak: Deliberative Democracy and Public Consultation. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Føllesdal, Dagfinn. “The Status of Rationality Assumptions in Interpretation and in the Explanation of Action.” Dialectica 36, no. 4 (1982): 301–16.

Fuller, Jon. “Playing the Selection Lottery: Jon Fuller Explains why Queen Mary Has Become the First College to Choose Medical Students at Random.” London Times, September 14, 2003.

Fustel de Coulanges, Numa Denis. The Ancient City. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980.

Gangale, Thomas. “The California Plan: A 21st Century Method for Nominating Presidential Candidates.” PS: Political Science and Politics 37, no. 1 (2004): 81–87.

Gataker, Thomas. The Nature and Use of Lotteries, 2nd ed. Exeter: Imprint Academic, 2008.

Gauthier, David. Morals by Agreement. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.

Gert, Joshua. “Requiring and Justifying: Two Dimensions of Normative Strength.” Erkenntnis 59 (2003): 5–36.

Gert, Joshua. “Normative Strength and the Balance of Reasons.” Philosophical Review 116, no. 4 (2007): 533–62.

Gibbard, Allan. “Manipulation of Schemes that Mix Voting with Chance.” Econometrica 45, no. 3 (April 1977): 665–81.

Gobert, James. Justice, Democracy and the Jury. Aldershot: Ashgate, 1997.

Goodin, Robert E. Reasons for Welfare: The Political Theory of the Welfare State. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988.

(p.182) Goodin, Robert E. “Democracy, Justice and Impartiality.” In Justice & Democracy: Essays for Brian Barry, edited by Keith Dowding, Robert E. Goodin, and Carole Pateman. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Goodwin, Barbara. Justice by Lottery, 2nd ed. Charlottesville, VA: Imprint Academic, 2005.

Greely, Hank. “The Equality of Allocation by Lot.” Harvard Civil Rights–Civil Liberties Law Review 12 (1977): 113–41.

Greene, Graham. The Tenth Man. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1985.

Greene, Susan. “Nader's Solution to Florida Standoff: Flip a Coin. Green Party Candidate Suggests Global Telecast for Event.” Denver Post, November 22, 2000, p. A11.

Gross, Charles. “The Early History of the Ballot in England.” American Historical Review 3 (April 1898): 456–63.

Haberman, Shir. “School Board Race Decided by Coin Toss.” http://www.seacoastonline.com/articles/20100311-NEWS-3110393 (accessed April 13, 2010).

Hansen, Mogens Herman. The Athenian Democracy in the Age of Demosthenes, 2nd ed. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1999.

Hapgood, Fred. “Chances of a Lifetime.” Working Papers for a New Society 3 (1975): 37–42.

Harsanyi, John C. “Cardinal Welfare, Individualistic Ethics, and Interpersonal Comparisons of Utility.” Journal of Political Economy 63 (1955): 309–21.

Harvard Study Group. “On the Draft.” Public Interest 9 (1967): 93–99.

Haspel, Abraham E. “Drilling for Dollars: The Federal Oil-Lease Lottery Program.” Regulation: American Enterprise Institute Journal on Government and Society 9, no. 4 (1985): 25–31.

Haspel, Abraham E. “Drilling for Dollars: The New and Improved Federal Oil Lease Program.” Regulation: American Enterprise Institute Journal on Government and Society 13, no. 3 (Fall 1990): 62–68.

Hayes, Brian. “Randomness as a Resource.” American Scientist 89 (July–August 2001): 300–304.

Headlam, J. W. Election by Lot at Athens, 2nd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1933.

Hills, Pat. “Black Cab Lottery Draw Will ‘Discriminate against Muslims.” South Manchester Reporter, March 1, 2010.

Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan, rev. student ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Jacobs, Lesley A. Pursuing Equal Opportunities: The Theory and Practice of Egalitarian Justice. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Kant, Immanuel. Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, 3rd ed. Trans. by James W. Ellington. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1993.

Karabel, Jerome. “The New College Try.” New York Times, September 24, 2007.

Katz, Al. “Process Design for Selection of Hemodialysis and Organ Transplant Recipients.” Buffalo Law Review 22 (1973): 373–418.

Kilner, John F. “A Moral Allocation of Scarce Lifesaving Medical Resources.” Journal of Religious Ethics 9, no. 2 (1981): 245–85.

Kishlansky, Mark A. Parliamentary Selection: Social and Political Choice in Early Modern England. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Knag, Sigmund. “Let's Toss for It: A Surprising Curb on Political Greed.” Independent Review 3, no. 2 (Autumn 1998): 199–209.

Knight, Frank H. Risk, Uncertainty and Profit. Washington, DC: Beard Books, 2002.

Knight, Jack. “Justice and Fairness.” Annual Review of Political Science 1 (1998): 425–49.

Kornhauser, Lewis A., and Lawrence G. Sager. “Just Lotteries.” Social Science Information 27 (1988): 483–516.

Krosnick, Jon A. “In the Voting Booth, Bias Starts at the Top.” New York Times, November 4, 2006, p. A19.

Lake, David A. “Who's on First? Listing Authors by Relative Contribution Trumps the Alphabet.” PS: Political Science & Politics 43, no. 1 (January 2010): 43–47.

Landhuis, Esther. “Lifelong Debunker Takes on Arbiter of Neutral Choices.” Stanford Report, June 7, 2004. Available online at http://news-service.stanford.edu/news/2004/june9/diaconis-69.html.

(p.183) Lasswell, Harold D. Politics: Who Gets What, When and How. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1936.

Lieb, Ethan J. Deliberative Democracy in America: A Proposal for a Popular Branch of Government. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2004.

Leiman, Sid Z. “The Ethics of Lottery.” Kennedy Institute Quarterly Report 4 (Summer 1978): 8–11.

Lerner, Michael. The Left Hand of God. New York: Harper Collins, 2006.

Levi, Isaac. Hard Choices: Decision Making under Unresolved Conflict. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Levi, Margaret. Consent, Dissent, and Patriotism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Lewis, C. S. The Horse and His Boy. New York: HarperCollins, 1954.

Lewis, David. “A Subjectivist's Guide to Objective Chance.” In Philosophical Papers, Vol. II. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Lewis, H. W. Why Flip a Coin? The Art and Science of Good Decisions. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1997.

Lindbeck, Assar. “Stabilization Policy in Open Economies with Endogenous Politicians.” American Economic Review 66, no. 2 (May 1976): 1–19.

Lippmann, Walter. Public Opinion. New York: Free Press, 1922.

Lockard, Alan A. “Decision by Sortition: A Means to Reduce Rent-Seeking.” Public Choice 166, no. 3–4 (September 2003): 435–51.

Manin, Bernard. The Principles of Representative Government. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Mansbridge, Jane. “Should Blacks Represent Blacks and Women Represent Women? A Contingent ‘Yes.’ ” Journal of Politics 61, no. 3 (August 1999): 628–57.

Matloff, Norman. “Why Not a Lottery to Get into UC?” Los Angeles Times, January 24, 1995.

McCabe, Donald F. “Choose House by Lot.” New York Times, March 15, 1991, p. A32.

Mnookin, Robert H., and Lewis Kornhauser. “Bargaining in the Shadow of the Law: The Case of Divorce.” Yale Law Journal 88 (1979): 950–97.

Mueller, Dennis C., Robert D. Tollison, and Thomas D. Willett. “Representative Democracy via Random Selection.” Public Choice 12 (1972): 57–68.

Mulgan, Richard G. “Lot as a Democratic Device of Selection.” Review of Politics 46 (October 1984): 539–60.

Najemy, John M. Corporatism and Consensus in Florentine Electoral Politics, 1280–1400. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1982.

Noguchi, Sharon. “Coin Toss to Fill Berryessa School Board Spot Sparks Protest.” San Jose Mercury News, September 19, 2007a.

Noguchi, Sharon. “Special Election for Berryessa School Post.” San Jose Mercury News, September 28, 2007b.

Nozick, Robert. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. New York: Basic Books, 1974.

Ober, Josiah, and Charles W. Hedrick, eds. The Birth of Democracy: An Exhibition Celebrating the 2500th Anniversary of Democracy. Washington, DC: American School of Classical Studies at Athens and the National Archives, 1993.

Okin, Susan Moller. Justice, Gender, and the Family. New York: Basic Books, 1989.

O'Leary, Kevin. Saving Democracy: A Plan for Real Representation in America. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2006.

Ollman, Bertell. Class Struggle Is the Name of the Game: True Confessions of a Marxist Businessman. New York: William Morrow, 1983.

Ostrom, Elinor. Governing the Commons. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Owen, Glen, and Tony Halpin. “Universities to Pick Students by Lottery.” The Times, September 6, 2003.

Paine, Thomas. Rights of Man, Common Sense and Other Political Writings. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Passell, Peter. “Managing the Airwaves for Productivity and Profits.” New York Times, March 9, 1995, p. D2.

(p.184) Paulos, John Allen. “We're Measuring Bacteria with a Yardstick.” New York Times, November 22, 2000, p. A27.

Paulos, John Allen. Innumeracy: Mathematical Illiteracy and Its Consequences, paperback ed. New York: Hill and Wang, 2001.

Pear, Robert. “Lottery Planned for Test of Medicare's New Drug Coverage.” New York Times, June 25, 2004, p. A16.

Peonidis, Filimon. “Corresponding Citizens.” International Journal on World Peace 26, no. 1 (March 2009): 51–68.

Peonidis, Filimon. “Bringing Direct Democracy in a Representative Assembly: The Case of Allotted MPs.” Paper presented at “Democracy as Idea and Practice,” Oslo, Norway, January 2010.

Pitkin, Hanna Fenichel. The Concept of Representation. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967.

Pollack, Andrew. “TV Licensing with a Lottery.” New York Times, September 8, 1983, p. D2.

Rabelais, François. Gargantua and Pantagruel. New York: Penguin, 1955.

Rae, Douglas. Equalities. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Rangel, Charles B. “Bring Back the Draft.” New York Times, December 31, 2002, p. A19.

Rawls, John. “Outline of a Decision Procedure for Ethics.” Philosophical Review 60, no. 2 (April 1951): 177–97.

Rawls, John. “Justice as Fairness.” Philosophical Review 67, no. 2 (April 1958): 164–94.

Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice, rev. ed. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 1999.

Rawls, John. Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2001.

Rawls, John. Political Liberalism, expanded ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005.

Regan, Donald H. Review of Social Justice in the Liberal State by Bruce A. Ackerman. Philosophical Review 92, no. 4 (October 1983): 604–607.

Rehfeld, Andrew. The Concept of Constituency: Political Representation, Democratic Legitimacy, and Institutional Design. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Rescher, Nicholas. “The Allocation of Exotic Lifesaving Medical Therapy.” Ethics 79, no. 3 (1969): 173–86.

Reuters. “National News Briefs: A Coin, then Cards and Finally a Mayor.” New York Times, March 8, 1998.

Rhinehart, Luke. The Dice Man, rev. ed. New York: Dell, 1983.

Rhinehart, Luke. The Search for the Dice Man. New York: Overlook Press, 2002.

Rosner, Fred. Modern Medicine and Jewish Ethics, 2nd ed. New York: Yeshiva University Press, 1991.

Ryan, Cheyney C. The Chickenhawk Syndrome: War, Sacrifice, and Personal Responsibility. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2009.

Samaha, Adam M. “Randomization in Adjudication.” William and Mary Law Review 51, no. 1 (2009): 1–86.

Saunders, Ben. “The Equality of Lotteries.” Philosophy 83 (2008): 359–72.

Scanlon, T. M. “Preference and Urgency.” Journal of Philosophy 72, no. 19 (November 6, 1975): 655–69.

Scanlon, T. M. “Contractualism and Utilitarianism.” In Utilitarianism and Beyond, edited by Amartya Sen and Bernard Williams. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

“Scarce Medical Resources.” Columbia Law Review 69 (1969): 621–92.

Scheffler, Samuel, ed. Consequentialism and Its Critics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Schwartz, Barry. “Top Colleges Should Select Randomly from a Pool of ‘Good Enough.’ ” Chronicle of Higher Education, February 25, 2005, p. B20.

Seba, Erwin. “Coin Toss Reverses Political Fortune.” Lawrence Journal-World, August 5, 2000.

Shepart, Chuck. “News of the Weird.” City Newspaper, January 17–23, 2001, p. 33.

Sher, George. “What Makes a Lottery Fair?” Noûs 14 (1980): 203–16.

Sher, George. Approximate Justice: Studies in Non-Ideal Theory. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997.

(p.185) Simpson, A. W. Brian. Cannibalism and the Common Law: The Story of the Tragic Last Voyage of the Mignonette and the Strange Legal Proceedings to Which It Gave Rise. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

Staveley, E. S. Greek and Roman Voting and Elections. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1972.

Stewart, John, Elizabeth Kendall, and Anna Coote. Citizen's Juries. London: Institute for Public Policy Research, 1994.

Stiglitz, Joseph E. “Self-Selection and Pareto Efficient Taxation.” Journal of Public Economics 17 (1982a): 213–40.

Stiglitz, Joseph E. “Utilitarianism and Horizontal Equity: The Case for Random Taxation.” Journal of Public Economics 18 (1982b): 1–33.

Stone, Peter. “The Luck of the Draw: Revisiting the Lot as a Democratic Institution.” PhD dissertation, University of Rochester, 2000.

Stone, Peter. “Conceptualizing Lotteries.” Working Paper No. 16, Political Concepts: A Working Paper Series of the Committee on Concepts and Methods, International Political Science Association, September 2007a.

Stone, Peter. “How to Settle Tie for Berryessa School Board: Flip a Coin.” San Jose Mercury News, September 25, 2007b, p. 12A.

Stone, Peter. “Why Lotteries Are Just.” Journal of Political Philosophy 15, no. 3 (2007c): 276–95.

Stone, Peter. “On Fair Lotteries.” Social Theory and Practice 34, no. 4 (October 2008a): 573–90.

Stone, Peter. “Picking and Choosing Revisited.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, 2008b.

Stone, Peter. “Voting, Lotteries, and Justice.” Polity 40, no. 2 (2008c): 246–53.

Stone, Peter. “What Can Lotteries Do for Education?” Theory and Research in Education 6, no 3 (November 2008d): 267–82.

Stone, Peter. “The Logic of Random Selection” Political Theory 37, no. 3 (June 2009a): 375–97.

Stone, Peter. “Lotteries, Education, and Opportunity.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, 2009b.

Stone, Peter. “Lotteries, Justice, and Probability.” Journal of Theoretical Politics, 21, no. 3 (July 2009c), 395–409.

Stone, Peter. “Sortition and Democratic Legitimacy.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Public Choice Society, Las Vegas, 2009d.

Stone, Peter. “Lotteries and Probability Theory.” In Sortition: Theory and Practice, edited by Gil Delannoi and Oliver Dowlen. Exeter: Imprint Academic, 2010a.

Stone, Peter. Review of The Political Potential of Sortition by Oliver Dowlen. Philosophical Quarterly, 60, no. 240 (July 2010b): 664–666.

Stone, Peter. “Three Arguments for Lotteries.” Social Science Information, 40 no. 2 (June 2010c):147–163.

Stone, Peter. “A Renaissance for Random Selection?” History of Political Thought, forthcoming.

Sturm, Susan, and Lani Guinier. “The Future of Affirmative Action.” Boston Review, December 2000–January 2001.

Sunstein, Cass R., and Edna Ullmann-Margalit. “Second-Order Decisions.” Ethics 110, no. 1 (October 1999): 5–31.

Sutherland, Keith. “A People's Parliament.” In A People's Parliament/A Citizen Legislature, Keith Sutherland, Ernest Callenbach, and Michael Phillips. Exeter: Imprint Academic, 2008.

Taurek, John M. “Should the Numbers Count?” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 6, no. 4 (Summer 1977): 293–316.

Thaler, Richard H. “Illusions and Mirages in Public Policy.” Public Interest 73 (Fall 1983): 60–74.

Thayer, H.S. and Burneat, M.F. “I.F. Stone's Socrates,” New York Review of Books, November 24, 1988.

Thomas, J. D. “The Jackpot in Television's Future.” New York Times, March 21, 1993.

Thomas, Keith. Religion and the Decline of Magic. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Ullmann-Margalit, Edna, and Sidney Morgenbesser. “Picking and Choosing.” Social Research 44 (1977): 757–85.

(p.186) Vermeule, Adrian. Mechanisms of Democracy: Institutional Design Writ Small. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Vonnegut, Kurt, Jr. “Harrison Bergeron.” In Equality: Selected Readings, edited by Louis P. Pojman and Robert Westmoreland. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Waldron, Jeremy. “Legislation and Moral Neutrality.” In Liberal Neutrality, edited by Robert E. Goodin and Andrew Reeve. New York: Routledge, 1989.

Walker, Douglas, and Graham Walker. The Official Rock Paper Scissors Strategy Guide. New York: Fireside, 2004.

Walzer, Michael. Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality. New York: Basic Books, 1983.

Waring, Duff. Medical Benefit and the Human Lottery. Dordrecht: Springer, 2004.

Warren, Mark E., and Hilary Pearse, eds. Designing Deliberative Democracy: The British Columbia Citizens’ Assembly. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Wasserman, David. “Let Them Eat Chances: Probability and Distributive Justice.” Economics and Philosophy 12 (1996): 29–49.

Williams, Bernard. “The Idea of Equality.” In Philosophy, Politics and Society, 2nd series, edited by Peter Laslett and W. G. Runciman. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1962.

Williams, George C. Sex and Evolution. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1975.

Wilms, Douglas C. “Georgia's Land Lottery of 1832.” Chronicles of Oklahoma 52 (Spring 1974): 52–60.

Wiskari, Werner. “Law by Lottery Looms in Sweden.” New York Times, January 12, 1959.

Wolfle, Dael. “Chance, or Human Judgment?” Science, February 27, 1970, p. 1201.

Wolfson, Arthur M. “The Ballot and Other Forms of Voting in the Italian Communes.” American Historical Review 5 (October 1899): 1–21.

Wright, Robert. “Watson & Crick.” Time, March 29, 1999, pp. 172–178.

Wright, Wilbur, and Orville Wright. The Papers of Wilbur and Orville Wright. Volume One: 1899–1905. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1953.

Zwick, Rebecca. “College Admissions in Twenty-First-Century America: The Role of Grades, Tests, and Games of Chance.” Harvard Educational Review 77, no. 4 (Winter 2007).