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Restoring Trust in Organizations and LeadersEnduring Challenges and Emerging Answers$
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Roderick M. Kramer and Todd L. Pittinsky

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199756087

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756087.001.0001

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Breaking the Vicious Cycle of Low Trust in Decision-Making Authorities

Breaking the Vicious Cycle of Low Trust in Decision-Making Authorities

It’s What They Do and How They Do It

Chapter:
(p.257) 12 Breaking the Vicious Cycle of Low Trust in Decision-Making Authorities
Source:
Restoring Trust in Organizations and Leaders
Author(s):

Joel Brockner

Emily C. Bianchi

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756087.003.0013

Employees typically respond negatively to decision-making authorities they do not trust, manifested in their being unwilling to support the authorities’ decisions, the authorities, and the organization as a whole. Moreover, low trust in decision-making authorities tends to be self-perpetuating and therefore difficult to overturn or reverse. We consider when and why employees may respond relatively positively to organizational authorities they do not trust, and thereby begin to break the vicious cycle of low trust. Drawing on recent research, we suggest that employees react relatively positively to untrusted decision-making authorities when the authorities deliver favorable outcomes that are accompanied by fair processes. Moreover, favorable outcomes and fair processes have multiplicative effects: both are necessary to elicit relatively positive reactions to untrusted authorities, whereas either one alone is less likely to do so. We speculate that favorable outcomes and fair processes signal the extent to which previously untrusted authorities are seen as motivated and able to behave in a more trust-engendering way. Theoretical implications for the trust literature are discussed, as are directions for future research.

Keywords:   trust, fairness, justice, procedural justice, organizational commitment, decision making

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