Managing Ecosystems for Change
This chapter reviews the current literature on the ecological outcomes of various fisheries management strategies from a climate change perspective. Management of the fisheries capture process can be categorized into six main restrictive actions. These include restrictions on the area where people can fish (such as marine protected areas), the times that people are allowed to fish (seasons), the size of targeted fish (minimum or maximum), the types of species targeted, the gear used, and the amount of fishing effort. This chapter reviews the empirical research on how these various strategies: 1) impact local resource users; 2) affect the local ecology; and 3) build ecological resilience in the context of climatic disturbances.
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