“One Body and Many Heads”
The Diffusion of Sacramentarian Ideas
Although all “sacramentarians” opposed belief in Christ's corporeal presence in the Lord's Supper, pamphlets printed in 1525 illustrate significant diversity within the sacramentarian movement. Many of the authors usually classified as Zwinglian were reluctant to reject Christ's corporeal presence in print and so refrained from a full public endorsement of Ulrich Zwingli's eucharistic theology. Nevertheless, they were important for spreading an understanding of the Lord's Supper that opposed that of Luther. By the end of 1525 the Silesians Kaspar Schwenckfeld and Valentin Crautwald had developed their own understanding of the Lord's Supper under the influence of Zwingli, Karlstadt, and the Hussites. The chapter summarizes in tabular form the most important differences between the chief contributors to the eucharistic controversy at the end of 1525: Cornelis Hoen, Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt, the Swiss, the Silesians, and Martin Luther.
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