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Heaven on EarthThe Varieties of the Millennial Experience$
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Richard Landes

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199753598

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.001.0001

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Enraged Millennialism

Enraged Millennialism

Global Jihad (1400–1500 AH / 1979–2076 CE)

Chapter:
(p.421) 14 Enraged Millennialism
Source:
Heaven on Earth
Author(s):

Richard Landes

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0014

The chapter examines the role of apocalyptic in Islam. It begins with the mutation in Muslim apocalyptic literature at the approach of the year 2000, then goes back to Islamic origins as an apocalyptic movement in which Muhammad announced the imminent Last Judgment, and developed military jihad AU: MW and CMS both say lower case, and since you use lc elsewhere, I'm going to standardize to that. as a response to the humiliating disappointment of its non-arrival. After outlining the basic components of Islamic apocalyptic thinking, the chapter traces how Western modernity and, especially, Israel, revived apocalyptic Islam, in the form of global jihad, from 1979 (ah 1400) to the year 2000, from the Iranian (Shiite) revolution to Bin Laden, Hizbullah, and Hamas. Global jihad, in the terms of this book, represents an active, cataclysmic apocalyptic movement aiming at an imperial millennium—the most destructive force in human history.

Keywords:   Muhammad, Last Judgment, jihad, Dajjal, Islamic imperialism, Khomeini, Bin Laden, Hamas, Israel, Jerusalem, Intifada, suicide terrorism, genocide, Muslim Brotherhood

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