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The Formation of the Hebrew BibleA New Reconstruction$
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David M. Carr

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199742608

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742608.001.0001

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The Hasmonean Period

The Hasmonean Period

Finalization of Scripture in an Increasingly Greek World

(p.152) (p.153) 5 The Hasmonean Period
The Formation of the Hebrew Bible

David M. Carr

Oxford University Press

This chapter starts with a brief historical overview of the Hasmonean monarchy. Next comes a discussion of separate texts that are most likely to be dated to this period (e.g. 1 and 2 Maccabees, Judith) in an attempt to form an initial profile of the sorts of texts being produced then. With this profile established, the balance of the chapter argues that the contours of the Torah-Prophets Hebrew biblical canon were initially fixed in this period as well. In particular, we can see the traces of what may be the “final redaction” of the (proto-Masoretic) Hebrew Bible in several documented late revisions distinctive of the proto-MT (particularly found in Deuteronomy, the former prophets, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Ezra-Nehemiah), revisions likely made during the Hasmonean period.

Keywords:   Hasmonean monarchy, canon, Deuteronomy, Jeremiah, Ezekiel

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