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Muslims, Scholars, SoldiersThe Origin and Elaboration of the Ibadi Imamate Traditions$
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Adam Gaiser

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199738939

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738939.001.0001

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(p.3) Introduction
Muslims, Scholars, Soldiers

Adam R. Gaiser

Oxford University Press

The introduction presents a solution to the problem of Khārijite “exceptionalism” whereby Khārijite notions of political legitimacy are treated as either unique or archaic. This tendency remains the main weakness in many studies of the Khārijites and, by extension, the Ibāḍiyya. To counter this trend, this study examines the Khārijite and Ibāḍī Imāmate traditions as products of a specifically Islamic milieu—that is, as connected to pre-Islamic and early Islamic notions of legitimate political authority—and uses the concept of the masālik al-dīn (“stages of religion”) as an organizing principle. Finally, it briefly surveys the major textual traditions of the Ibāḍī corpus.

Keywords:   Khārijites, Ibāḍiyya, imāmate, masālik al-dīn, political theory

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