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Stereotype Threat
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Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Michael Inzlicht and Toni Schmader


Stereotype threat is defined as a situational predicament in which individuals are at risk of confirming negative stereotypes about their group. It is the resulting sense that one might be judged in terms of negative stereotypes about one’s group instead of on personal merit. Research over the past 15 years has shown that stereotype threat contributes to low performance among African Americans, Latinos, and the poor, but also among women in math and science, the elderly in memory, and even whites in athletics. This book examines this important topic not only at the level of basic processes and ... More

Keywords: stereotype threat, stigma, academic performance, black–white test score gap, male–female science gap, education policy

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780199732449
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael Inzlicht, author

Toni Schmader, author

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