Strategies for African Development
This chapter lays out the premise for the rest of the volume which addresses the central question of what needs to be done to sustain and accelerate the recent improvement in the economic performance of Sub-Saharan Africa. This revival remains too dependent on booming commodity prices whilst sustained, poverty-reducing growth requires structural transformation. The type of learning, industrial, and technology policies recommended here are informed by the lessons of success, especially in East Asia. Such policies are needed not only for industrialization but also agriculture. Both the constraints of geography and governance and their policy implications have been misunderstood in the dominant discourse and can be overcome by a transformation of the mainstream reform agenda. Reforms of the state and governance should move away from what has emerged as the “good governance” recipe and towards “growth-enhancing governance” aimed at facilitating an appropriate balance between the state and the market.
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