Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Passionate StatesmanErõs and Politics in Plutarch's Lives$

Jeffrey Beneker

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199695904

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695904.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 26 February 2017

(p.226) Bibliography

(p.226) Bibliography

The Passionate Statesman
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Aalders, G. J. D. (1982), Plutarch's Political Thought (Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afd. Letterkunde, 116: Amsterdam, Oxford, and New York).

Adkins, A. W. H. (1984), ‘The Connection between Aristotle's Ethics and Politics’, Political Theory 12: 29–49.

—— (1993), ‘Review of S. Broadie, Ethics with Aristotle (Oxford and New York, 1991)’, CPh 88: 349–53.

Almeida, J. A. (2003), Justice as an Aspect of the Polis Idea in Solon's Political Poems: A Reading of the Fragments in Light of the Researches of New Classical Archaeology (Mnemosyne, Bibliotheca Classica Batava, Supplementum 243: Leiden and Boston).

Anderson, A. R. (1930), ‘Bucephalas and his Legend’, AJPh 51: 1–21.

Annas, J. (1977), ‘Plato and Aristotle on Friendship and Altruism’, Mind 86: 532–54.

Anton, J. P., and Kustas, G. L. (eds.) (1971), Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy (Albany).

Babcock, C. L. (1965), ‘The Early Career of Fulvia’, AJPh 86: 1–32.

Babiniotis, G. D. (1998), Λέξικο της Νέας Ελληνικής Γλώσσας (Athens).

Babut, D. (1969a), Plutarque: De la vertu éthique, introduction, texte, traduction et commentaire (Paris).

—— (1969b), ‘La Nature de l'âme et les passions chez Plutarque’, in Association Guillaume Budé: Actes du VIIIe congrès, Paris, 5–10 avril 1968 (Paris), 530–2.

—— (1969c), Plutarque et le stoïcisme (Paris).

Badian, E. (1958), ‘The Eunuch Bagoas: A Study in Method’, CQ NS 8: 144–57.

Bandini, M., and Dorion, L.‐A. (2003), Xénophon, Mémorables, Tome I: Introduction générale, Livre I (Paris).

Bartsch, S. (2006), The Mirror of the Self: Sexuality, Self‐Knowledge, and the Gaze in the Early Roman Empire (Chicago).

Bauman, R. A. (1992), Women and Politics in Ancient Rome (London and New York).

Baynham, E. (1998), Alexander the Great: The Unique History of Quintus Curtius (Ann Arbor).

Becchi, F. (1978), ‘Aristotelismo funzionale nel De virtute morali di Plutarco’, Prometheus 4: 261–75.

—— (1990), Plutarco: La virtù etica (Corpus Plutarchi Moralium 5: Naples).

(p.227) Becher, I. (1966), Das Bild der Kleopatra in der griechischen und lateinischen Literatur (Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Schriften der Sektion für Altertumswissenschaft 51: Berlin).

Beck, M. (1999), ‘Plato, Plutarch, and the Use and Manipulation of Anecdotes in the Lives of Lycurgus and Agesilaus’, in Pérez Jiménez, García López, and Aguilar (1999), 173–87.

Beneker, J. (2005a), ‘Plutarch on the Rise and Fall of Pompey’, in Pérez Jiménez and Titchener (2005), 69–82.

—— (2005b), ‘Thematic Correspondences in Plutarch's Lives of Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus’, in L. de Blois, J. Bons, T. Kessels, and D. M. Schenkeveld (eds.), The Statesman in Plutarch's Works, Volume II: The Statesman in Plutarch's Greek and Roman Lives (Mnemosyne, Bibliotheca Classica Batava, Supplementum 250: Leiden and Boston), 315–25.

—— (2009), ‘Drunken Violence and the Transition of Power in Plutarch's Alexander’, in J. Ribeiro Ferreira, D. Leão, M. Tröster, and P. Barata Dias (eds.), Symposion and Philanthropia in Plutarch (Coimbra), 193–200.

—— (2010), ‘Asêmotatos or Autokratôr? Obscurity and Glory in Plutarch's Sertorius’, in N. Humble (2010), 103–19.

—— (2011), ‘The Crossing of the Rubicon and the Outbreak of Civil War in Cicero, Lucan, Plutarch, and Suetonius’, Phoenix 65: 74–99.

Blomqvist, K. (1997), ‘From Olympias to Aretaphila: Women in Politics in Plutarch’, in Mossman (1997), 73–97.

Bolotin, D. (1979), Plato's Dialogue on Friendship: An Interpretation of the Lysis, with a New Translation (Ithaca).

Bos, A. P. (1999), ‘Plutarch's Testimony to an Earlier Explanation of Aristotle's Definition of the Soul’, in Pérez Jiménez, García López, and Aguilar (1999), 535–48.

Bosworth, A. B. (1988), Conquest and Empire: The Reign of Alexander the Great (Cambridge).

Braund, S. H. (1992), Lucan: Civil War (Oxford).

Brenk, F. E. (1992), ‘Plutarch's Life “Markos Antonios”: A Literary and Cultural Study’, ANRW II.33.6: 4347–469 and (indices) 4895–915.

Broadie, S. (1991), Ethics with Aristotle (Oxford and New York).

—— and Rowe, C. (2002), Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics (Oxford).

Brown, T. S. (1949), Onesicritus: A Study in Hellenistic Historiography (University of California Publications in History 39: Berkeley and Los Angeles).

Brunt, P. A. (1975), ‘Alexander, Barsine and Heracles’, RFIC 103: 22–34.

Buszard, B. (2008), ‘Caesar's Ambition: A Combined Reading of Plutarch's Alexander–Caesar and Pyrrhus–Marius’, TAPhA 138: 185–215.

—— (2010), ‘A Plutarchan Parallel to Arrian Anabasis 7.1’, GRBS 50: 565–85.

Bywater, I. (1894), Aristotelis Ethica Nicomachea (Oxford).

(p.228) Candau Morón, J. M. (1999), ‘La Vida de Demetrio como Biografía Negativa’, in J. G. Montes, M. Sánchez, and R. J. Gallé (eds.), Plutarco, Dioniso y el vino (Madrid), 139–44.

—— (2000), ‘Plutarch's Lysander and Sulla: Integrated Characters in Roman Historical Perspective’, AJPh 121: 453–78.

Carawan, E. M. (1984), ‘The Tragic History of Marcellus and Livy's Characterization’, CJ 80: 131–41.

Carney, E. D. (2000), Women and Monarchy in Macedonia (Norman).

Carter, J. M. (1982), Suetonius: Divus Augustus (Bristol).

Cartledge, P. (2004), Alexander the Great: The Hunt for a New Past (Woodstock and New York).

Caskey, E. G. (1974), ‘Again—Plato's Seventh Letter’, CPh 69: 220–7.

Castellani, V. (2002), ‘Plutarch's “Roman” Women’, in E. N. Ostenfeld (ed.), Greek Romans and Roman Greeks: Studies in Cultural Interaction (Aarhus), 142–55.

Cohen, D. (1991), Law, Sexuality, and Society: The Enforcement of Morals in Classical Athens (Cambridge).

Connor, W. R. (1984), Thucydides (Princeton).

Cook, B. L. (2001), ‘Plutarch's Use of λέγεται: Narrative Design and Source in Alexander’, GRBS 42: 329–60.

Cooper, J. M. (1977), ‘Aristotle on the Forms of Friendship’, RMeta 30: 619–48; repr. in Cooper (1999), 312–35.

—— (1984), ‘Plato's Theory of Human Motivation’, HPhQ 1: 3–21; repr. in Cooper (1999), 118–37.

—— (1988), ‘Some Remarks on Aristotle's Moral Psychology’, Southern Journal of Philosophy 27 (Supplement), 25–42; repr. in Cooper (1999), 237–52.

—— (1999), Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory (Princeton).

Coventry, L. (1989), ‘Philosophy and Rhetoric in the Menexenus’, JHS 109: 1–15.

Crawford, M. B. (1999), ‘Amatorius: Plutarch's Platonic Departure from the Peri Gamou Literature’, in Pérez Jiménez, García López, and Aguilar (1999), 287–97.

Damasio, A. R. (1994), Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain (New York).

Davidson, J. (1997), Courtesans and Fishcakes: The Consuming Passions of Classical Athens (London).

de Blois, L. (1979), ‘Some Notes on Plato's Seventh Epistle’, Mnemosyne 32: 268–83.

—— (1997), ‘Political Concepts in Plutarch's Dion and Timoleon’, AncSoc 28: 209–24.

(p.229) —— (2006), ‘Plutarch's Solon: A Tissue of Commonplaces or a Historical Account?’, in J. H. Blok and A. P. M. H. Lardinois (eds.), Solon of Athens: New Historical and Philological Approaches (Leiden and Boston), 429–40.

—— and Bons, J. A. E. (1992), ‘Platonic Philosophy and Isocratean Virtues in Plutarch's Numa’, AncSoc 23: 159–88.

de Lacy, P. (1952), ‘Biography and Tragedy in Plutarch’, AJPh 73: 159–71.

Dillery, J. (1995), Xenophon and the History of his Times (London and New York).

Dillon, J. M. (1977), The Middle Platonists: 80 B.C. to A.D. 220 (Ithaca); revised with a new afterword, 1996.

—— (1988a), ‘ “Orthodoxy” and “Eclecticism”: Middle Platonists and Neo‐Pythagoreans’, in J. M. Dillon and A. A. Long (eds.), The Question of ‘Eclecticism’: Studies in Later Greek Philosophy (Hellenistic Culture and Society 3: Berkeley), 103–25.

—— (1988b), ‘Plutarch and Platonist Orthodoxy’, ICS 13: 357–64.

Donini, P. (1974), Tre studi sull'aristotelismo nel II secolo d. C. (Historica politica philosophica 7: Turin).

—— (1982), Le scuole, l'anima, l'imperio: la filosofia antica da Antioco a Plotino (Turin).

Dover, K. J. (1974), Greek Popular Morality in the Time of Plato and Aristotle (Oxford).

—— (1989), Greek Homosexuality. Updated and with a New Postscript (Cambridge, Mass.).

Due, B. (1996), ‘Xenophon of Athens: The Cyropaedia’, in G. Schmeling (ed.), The Novel in the Ancient World (Leiden and Boston), 581–99; revised edn., 2003.

Duff, T. E. (1999a), Plutarch's Lives: Exploring Virtue and Vice (Oxford).

—— (1999b), ‘Plutarch, Plato and “Great Natures” ’, in Pérez Jiménez, García López, and Aguilar (1999), 313–32.

—— (2004), ‘Plato, Tragedy, the Ideal Reader and Plutarch's Demetrios and Antony’, Hermes 132: 271–91.

—— (2008a), ‘How Lives Begin’, in Nikolaidis (2008), 187–207.

—— (2008b), ‘Models of Education in Plutarch’, JHS 128: 1–26.

—— (2008c), ‘The Opening of Plutarch's Life of Themistokles’, GRBS 48: 159–79.

—— (2009), ‘ “Loving too much”: The Text of Plutarch, Themistokles 2.3’, Philologus 153: 149–58.

—— (2010), ‘Plutarch's Themistocles and Camillus’, in N. Humble (2010), 45–86.

Eckstein, A. M. (1995), Moral Vision in The Histories of Polybius (Berkeley).

Edelstein, L. (1966), Plato's Seventh Letter (Philosophia Antiqua 14: Leiden).

Einarson, B. (1954), Review of R. Flacelière, Plutarque: Dialogue sur l'Amour (Eroticos) (Paris, 1952), CPh 49: 278–9.

(p.230) Flacelière, R., and Chambry, E. (1966), Plutarque: Vies IV, Timoléon–Paul Emile, Pélopidas–Marcellus (Paris).

—— —— (1973), Plutarque: Vies VIII, Sertorius–Eumène, Agésilas–Pompée (Paris).

—— —— (1975), Plutarque: Vies IX, Alexandre–César (Paris).

—— —— (1977), Plutarque: Vies XIII, Démétrios–Antoine (Paris).

—— —— (1978), Plutarque: Vies XIV, Dion–Brutus (Paris).

—— and Cuvigny, M. (1980), Plutarque, Œuvres morales, Tome X: Dialogue sur l'amour, Histoires d'amour (Paris).

Fornara, C. W. (1983), The Nature of History in Ancient Greece and Rome (Berkeley).

Fortenbaugh, W. W. (1975), Aristotle on Emotion: A Contribution to Philosophical Psychology, Rhetoric, Poetics, Politics and Ethics (London); repr. with new epilogue, 2002.

Foucault, M. (1985), The History of Sexuality, Volume 2: The Use of Pleasure (New York), trans. R. Hurley; 1st pub. as L'Usage des plaisirs (Paris, 1984).

—— (1986), The History of Sexuality, Volume 3: The Care of the Self (New York), trans. R. Hurley; 1st pub. as Le Souci de soi (Paris, 1984).

Frazier, F. (1996), Histoire et morale dans les Vies parallèles de Plutarque (Collection d'études anciennes 124: Paris).

—— (1998), ‘L'Érotikos: un éloge du Dieu Éros?’, IL 50: 3–20.

Frontisi‐Ducroux, F. (1994), ‘Athéna et l'invention de la flûte’, Musica e storia 2: 239–67.

—— (1996), ‘Eros, Desire, and the Gaze’, in N. B. Kampen (ed.), Sexuality in Ancient Art: Near East, Egypt, Greece, and Italy (Cambridge), 81–100.

Gelzer, M. (1968), Caesar: Politician and Statesman (Cambridge, Mass.), trans. P. Needham.

Georgiadou, A. (1992), ‘Bias and Character‐Portrayal in Plutarch's Lives of Pelopidas and Marcellus’, ANRW II.33.6: 4222–57.

—— (1997), Plutarch's Pelopidas: A Historical and Philological Commentary (Beiträge zur Altertumskunde 105: Stuttgart).

Gera, D. L. (1993), Xenophon's Cyropaedia: Style, Genre, and Literary Technique (Oxford).

Gill, C. (1983), ‘The Question of Character‐Development: Plutarch and Tacitus’, CQ NS 33: 469–87.

—— (2003), ‘Is Rivalry a Virtue or a Vice?’, in Konstan and Rutter (2003), 29–51.

—— (2006), The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought (Oxford).

Goldhill, S. (2002), ‘The Erotic Experience of Looking: Cultural Conflict and the Gaze in Empire Culture’, in Nussbaum and Sihvola (2002), 374–99.

Gonzalez, F. J. (2000), ‘Socrates on Loving One's Own: A Traditional Conception of ΦΙΛΙΑ Radically Transformed’, CPh 95: 379–98.

Gould, T. (1963), Platonic Love (London).

(p.231) Gray, V. J. (1986), ‘Xenophon's Hiero and the Meeting of the Wise Man and Tyrant in Greek Literature’, CQ NS 36: 115–23.

—— (1998), The Framing of Socrates: The Literary Interpretation of Xenophon's Memorabilia (Hermes Einzelschriften 79: Stuttgart).

Green, P. (1974), Alexander of Macedon, 356–323 B.C.: A Historical Biography (Harmondsworth).

—— (1978), ‘Caesar and Alexander: Aemulatio, Imitatio, Comparatio’, AJAH 3: 1–26.

Gruen, E. S. (1974), The Last Generation of the Roman Republic (Berkeley).

—— (2003), ‘Cleopatra in Rome: Facts and Fantasies’, in D. Braund and C. Gill (eds.), Myth, History and Culture in Republican Rome: Studies in Honour of T. P. Wiseman (Exeter), 257–74.

Gulley, N. (1972), ‘The Authenticity of the Platonic Epistles’, in K. von Fritz (ed.), Pseudepigrapha (Geneva), 105–43.

Guthrie, W. K. C. (1969), A History of Greek Philosophy, Volume III: The Fifth‐Century Enlightenment (Cambridge).

Halperin, D. M. (1985), ‘Platonic Erôs and What Men Call Love’, AncPhil 5: 161–204.

Hamilton, C. D. (1994), ‘Plutarch and Xenophon on Agesilaus’, AncW 25: 205–12.

Hamilton, J. R. (1969), Plutarch: Alexander, A Commentary (Oxford).

—— (1973), Alexander the Great (London).

Hammond, N. G. L. (1997), The Genius of Alexander the Great (Chapel Hill).

Harris, W. V. (2001), Restraining Rage: The Ideology of Anger Control in Classical Antiquity (Cambridge, Mass.).

Harrison, G. W. M. (1995), ‘The Semiotics of Plutarch's Συγκρίσεις: The Hellenistic Lives of Demetrius–Antony and Agesilaus–Pompey’, RBPh 73: 91–104.

Heckel, W. (2006), Who's Who in the Age of Alexander the Great: Prosopography of Alexander's Empire (Malden, Mass., and Oxford).

Heftner, H. (1995), Plutarch und der Aufstieg des Pompeius: ein historischer Kommentar zu Plutarchs Pompeiusvita, Teil I: Kap. 1–45 (Europäische Hochschulschriften, Reihe III, Geschichte und ihre Hilfswissenschaften 639: Frankfurt am Main).

Henry, M. M. (1995), Prisoner of History: Aspasia of Miletus and her Biographical Tradition (Oxford and New York).

Herbert, K. (1957), ‘The Identity of Plutarch's Lost Scipio’, AJPh 78: 83–8.

Hershbell, J. P. (1982), ‘Plutarch and Anaxagoras’, ICS 7: 141–58.

Hertzoff, A. (2008), ‘Eros and Moderation in Plutarch's Life of Solon’, Review of Politics 70: 339–69.

Higgins, W. E. (1977), Xenophon the Athenian: The Problem of the Individual and the Society of the Polis (Albany).

(p.232) Hillman, T. P. (1994), ‘Authorial Statements, Narrative, and Character in Plutarch's Agesilaus–Pompeius’, GRBS 35: 255–80.

Hindley, C. (1999), ‘Xenophon on Male Love’, CQ NS 49: 74–99.

—— (2004), ‘Sophron Eros: Xenophon's Ethical Erotics’, in C. Tuplin (ed.), Xenophon and his World: Papers from a conference held in Liverpool in July 1999 (Stuttgart), 125–46.

Hornblower, S. (1991), A Commentary on Thucydides, Volume I: Books I–III (Oxford).

Humbert, S. (1991), ‘Plutarque, Alexandre et “Hellénisme” ’, in S. Saïd (ed.), ΕΛΛΗΝΙΣΜΟΣ: Quelques jalons pour une histoire de l'identité grecque. Actes du Colloque de Strasbourg, 25–27 octobre 1989 (Travaux du Centre de Recherche sur le Proche‐Orient et la Grèce antiques 11: Leiden and New York), 169–82.

Humble, N. (ed.) (2010), Plutarch's Lives: Parallelism and Purpose (Swansea and London).

Huzar, E. G. (1986), ‘Mark Antony: Marriages vs. Careers’, CJ 81: 97–111.

Ingenkamp, H. G. (2008), ‘Moralia in the Lives: The Charge of Rashness in Pelopidas/Marcellus’, in Nikolaidis (2008), 263–76.

Innes, D., Hine, H., and Pelling, C. (eds.) (1995), Ethics and Rhetoric: Classical Essays for Donald Russell on his Seventy‐Fifth Birthday (Oxford).

Irvine, W. B. (2006), On Desire: Why We Want What We Want (Oxford and New York).

Joachim, H. H. (1951), Aristotle: The Nicomachean Ethics, ed. D. A. Rees (Oxford).

Joly, R. (1968), Le Vocabulaire chrétien de l'amour est‐il original? Φιλεῖι̑ν et Ἀγαπᾶα̑ν dans le grec antique (Brussels).

Jones, C. P. (1966), ‘Towards a Chronology of Plutarch's Works’, JRS 56: 61–74; repr. in Scardigli (1995), 95–123.

Jones, R. M. (1916), The Platonism of Plutarch (Menasha, Wis.).

Karamanolis, G. E. (2006), Plato and Aristotle in Agreement? Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry (Oxford Philosophical Monographs: Oxford).

Klotz, A. (1934), ‘Die Quellen der plutarchischen Lebensbeschreibung des Marcellus’, RhM 83: 289–318.

Konstan, D. (1994), Sexual Symmetry: Love in the Ancient Novel and Related Genres (Princeton).

—— (1996), ‘Greek Friendship’, AJPh 117: 71–94.

—— (1997), Friendship in the Classical World (Key Themes in Ancient History: Cambridge).

—— (2006), The Emotions of the Ancient Greeks: Studies in Aristotle and Classical Literature (Toronto).

—— and Rutter, N. K. (eds.) (2003), Envy, Spite and Jealousy: The Rivalrous Emotions in Ancient Greece (Edinburgh Leventis Studies 2: Edinburgh).

(p.233) Kraft, K. (1967), ‘Zu Sueton, Divus Augustus 69, 2: M. Anton und Kleopatra’, Hermes 95: 496–9.

La Penna, A. (1976), ‘Il ritratto paradossale da Silla a Petronio’, RFIC 104: 270–93.

Leitao, D. (2002), ‘The Legend of the Sacred Band’, in Nussbaum and Sihvola (2002), 143–69.

Lendon, J. E. (2009), ‘Historians without History: Against Roman Historiography’, in A. Feldherr (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians (Cambridge), 41–61.

Levin, S. B. (2006), ‘Review of R. Hunter, Plato's Symposium (New York 2004)’, Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.3: 467–8.

Lorenz, H. (2006), The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle (Oxford).

Ludwig, P. W. (2002), Eros and Polis: Desire and Community in Greek Political Theory (Cambridge).

McClure, L. K. (2003), Courtesans at Table: Gender and Greek Literary Culture in Athenaeus (New York and London).

McGlew, J. F. (1993), Tyranny and Political Culture in Ancient Greece (Ithaca).

McJannet, L. (1993), ‘Antony and Alexander: Imperial Politics in Plutarch, Shakespeare, and Some Modern Historical Texts’, College Literature 20: 1–18.

McNamara, J. A. (1999), ‘Gendering Virtue’, in Pomeroy (1999), 151–61.

Manni, E. (1951), Demetrio Poliorcete (Rome).

Marincola, J. (1997), Authority and Tradition in Ancient Historiography (Cambridge).

Marrou, H. I. (1956), A History of Education in Antiquity (New York); trans. G. Lamb; 1st pub. as Histoire de l'éducation dans l'Antiquité (Paris, 1948).

Martin, H. (1960), ‘The Concept of Prāotēs in Plutarch's Lives’, GRBS 3: 65–73.

—— (1984), ‘Plutarch, Plato, and Eros’, CB 60: 82–8.

Martin, P. M. (1990), Antoine et Cléopâtre: La fin d'un rêve (Paris).

Minar, E. L., Sandbach, F. H., and Helmbold, W. C. (1961), Plutarch: Moralia, Volume IX (Loeb Classical Library 425: Cambridge, Mass.).

Moles, J. (1992), ‘Plutarch, Vit. Ant. 31.3 and Suetonius, Aug. 69.2’, Hermes 120: 245–7.

Momigliano, A. (1971), The Development of Greek Biography (Cambridge, Mass.); repr. with additional essay, 1993.

Moravcsik, J. M. E. (1971), ‘Reason and Eros in the “Ascent”‐Passage of the Symposium’, in Anton and Kustas (1971), 285–302.

Morgan, M. G. (1993), ‘Review of A. J. Woodman, Rhetoric in Classical Historiography (Portland, Oregon, and London and Sydney 1988)’, Ploutarchos 9: 34–7.

(p.234) Morrow, G. R. (1962), Plato's Epistles (Indianapolis).

Mossman, J. M. (1988), ‘Tragedy and Epic in Plutarch's Alexander’, JHS 108: 83–93; repr. in Scardigli (1995), 209–28.

—— (ed.) (1997), Plutarch and his Intellectual World (London).

—— (2006), ‘Travel Writing, History, and Biography’, in B. McGing and J. M. Mossman (eds.), The Limits of Ancient Biography (Swansea), 281–303.

Muccioli, F. (1999), Dionisio II: Storia e tradizione letteraria (Bologna).

Müller, H. (1876), De fontibus Plutarchi vitam Dionis enarrantis (Griefswald).

Myers, N. (2003), ‘Cicero's (S)Trumpet: Roman Women and the Second Philippic’, Rhetoric Review 22: 337–52.

Nadon, C. (2001), Xenophon's Prince: Republic and Empire in the Cyropaedia (Berkeley).

Nesselrath, H.‐G. (ed.) (2010), Plutarch, On the Daimonion of Socrates: Human Liberation, Divine Guidance, and Philosophy (SAPERE 16: Tübingen).

Nikolaidis, A. G. (1980) ‘Γύρω ἀπό τὴν ὀρθογραϕία τῶ̑ν λέξεων πρᾶ̑ος (πρ🭺ᾳ̑ος) καὶ ϕιλόνικος (ϕιλόνεικος)’, Hellenika 32: 364–70.

—— (1997), ‘Plutarch on Women and Marriage’, Wiener Studien 110: 27–88.

—— (2005), ‘Plutarch's Methods: His Cross‐references and the Sequence of the Parallel Lives’, in Pérez Jiménez and Titchener (2005), 281–323.

—— (ed.) (2008), The Unity of Plutarch's Work: ‘Moralia’ Themes in the ‘Lives’, Features of the ‘Lives’ in the ‘Moralia’ (Millennium Studies 19: Berlin and New York).

North, H. (1966), Sophrosyne: Self‐Knowledge and Self‐Restraint in Greek Literature (Cornell Studies in Classical Philology 35: Ithaca).

Nussbaum, M. C. (1986), The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy (Cambridge); repr. with a new preface, 2001.

—— and Sihvola, J. (eds.) (2002), The Sleep of Reason: Erotic Experience and Sexual Ethics in Ancient Greece and Rome (Chicago).

O'Brien, J. M. (1992), Alexander the Great: The Invisible Enemy (London and New York).

Opsomer, J. (1994), ‘L'Âme du monde et l'âme de l'homme chez Plutarque’, in M. García Valdés (ed.), Estudios sobre Plutarco: Ideas Religiosas (Actas del III Simposio Internacional sobre Plutarco, Oviedo 30 de abril a 2 de mayo de 1992) (Madrid), 33–49.

—— (2006), ‘Eros in Plutarchs moralischer Psychologie’, in H. Görgemanns (ed.), Plutarch: Dialog über die Liebe (SAPERE 10: Tübingen), 208–35.

—— (2007a), ‘Eros and Knowledge in Plutarch's Amatorius’, in J. M. Nieto Ibáñez and R. López López (eds.), El Amor en Plutarco (León), 149–68.

—— (2007b), ‘The Place of Plutarch in the History of Platonism’, in P. Volpe Cacciatore and F. Ferrari (eds.), Plutarco e la cultura della sua età: Atti del (p.235) X Convegno plutarcheo, Fisciano‐Paestum, 27–29 ottobre 2005 (Naples), 283–309.

Pakaluk, M. (1998), Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, Books VIII and IX (Clarendon Aristotle Series: Oxford).

—— (2005), Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics: An Introduction (Cambridge Introductions to Key Philosophical Texts: Cambridge).

Pangle, L. S. (2003), Aristotle and the Philosophy of Friendship (Cambridge).

Papadi, D. (2008), ‘Moralia in the Lives: Tragedy and Theatrical Imagery in Plutarch's Pompey’, in Nikolaidis (2008), 111–23.

Patterson, C. B. (1999), ‘Plutarch's Advice to the Bride and Groom: Traditional Wisdom through a Philosophic Lens’, in Pomeroy (1999), 128–37.

Pearson, L. (1960), The Lost Histories of Alexander the Great (Philological Monographs 20: New York).

Pelling, C. (1973), ‘Plutarch, Alexander and Caesar: Two New Fragments?’, CQ NS 23: 343–4.

—— (1980), ‘Plutarch's Adaptation of his Source‐Material’, JHS 100: 127–40; repr. in Scardigli (1995), 125–54, and with revisions in Pelling (2002a), 91–115.

—— (1986), ‘Synkrisis in Plutarch's Lives’, in F. E. Brenk and I. Gallo (eds.), Miscellanea Plutarchea (Quaderni del Giornale Filologico Ferrarese 8: Ferrara), 83–96; repr. with revisions in Pelling (2002a), 349–63.

—— (1988a), ‘Aspects of Plutarch's Characterisation’, ICS 13: 257–74; repr. with revisions in Pelling (2002a), 283–300.

—— (1988b), Plutarch: Life of Antony (Cambridge).

—— (1989), ‘Plutarch: Roman Heroes and Greek Culture’, in M. Griffin and J. Barnes (eds.), Philosophia Togata: Essays on Philosophy and Roman Society (Oxford), 199–232.

—— (1990a), ‘Childhood and Personality in Greek Biography’, in C. Pelling (ed.), Characterization and Individuality in Greek Literature (Oxford), 213–44; repr. with revisions in Pelling (2002a), 301–38.

—— (1990b), ‘Truth and Fiction in Plutarch's Lives’, in Russell (1990), 19–52; repr. with revisions in Pelling (2002a), 143–70.

—— (1995), ‘The Moralism of Plutarch's Lives’, in Innes, Hine, and Pelling (1995), 205–20; repr. with revisions in Pelling (2002a), 237–51.

—— (1996), ‘The Triumviral Period’, in A. K. Bowman, E. Champlin, and A. W. Lintott (eds.), The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 B.C.–69 A.D., 2nd edn. (Cambridge), 1–69.

—— (1997a), ‘Plutarch on Caesar's Fall’, in Mossman (1997), 215–32.

—— (1997b), Plutarco, Vite Parallele: Filopemene e Tito Flaminino (Biblioteca Universale Rizzoli: Milan), Italian trans. by F. Albini and E. Melandri.

—— (1999), ‘ “Making Myth Look like History”: Plato in Plutarch's Theseus–Romulus’, in Pérez Jiménez, García López, and Aguilar (1999), 431–43; repr. with revisions in Pelling (2002a), 171–95.

(p.236) Pelling, C.  (2000), Literary Texts and the Greek Historian (London and New York).

—— (2001), ‘Anything Truth Can Do, We Can Do Better: The Cleopatra Legend’, in S. Walker and P. Higgs (eds.), Cleopatra of Egypt: From History to Myth (Princeton), 292–301.

—— (2002a), Plutarch and History: Eighteen Studies (Swansea and London).

—— (2002b), ‘The Apophthegmata Regum et Imperatorum and Plutarch's Roman Lives’, in Pelling (2002a), 65–90.

—— (2004), ‘Do Plutarch's Politicians Never Learn?’, in L. de Blois, J. Bons, T. Kessels, and D. M. Schenkeveld (eds.), The Statesman in Plutarch's Works, Volume I: Plutarch's Statesman and his Aftermath: Political, Philosophical, and Literary Aspects (Mnemosyne, Bibliotheca Classica Batava, Supplementum 250: Leiden and Boston), 87–103.

—— (2009), ‘Biography’, in G. Boys‐Stones, B. Graziosi, and P. Vasunia (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies (Oxford), 608–16.

Penner, T., and Rowe, C. (2005), Plato's Lysis (Cambridge Studies in the Dialogues of Plato: Cambridge and New York).

Pérez Jiménez, A., and Titchener, F. B. (eds.) (2005), Historical and Biographical Values of Plutarch's Works: Studies Devoted to Professor Philip A. Stadter by the International Plutarch Society (Málaga and Logan, Ut.).

—— García López, J., and Aguilar, R. M. (eds.) (1999), Plutarco, Platón y Aristóteles, Actas del V Congreso Internacional de la I.P.S. (Madrid‐Cuenca, 4–7 de mayo de 1999) (Madrid).

Perrin, B. (1917), Plutarch's Lives V: Agesilaus and Pompey, Pelopidas and Marcellus (Loeb Classical Library 87: Cambridge, Mass.).

—— (1918), Plutarch's Lives VI: Dion and Brutus, Timoleon and Aemilius Paulus (Loeb Classical Library 98: Cambridge, Mass.).

—— (1920), Plutarch's Lives IX: Demetrius and Antony, Pyrrhus and Gaius Marius (Loeb Classical Library 101: Cambridge, Mass.).

Pinault, J. R. (1992), Hippocratic Lives and Legends (Studies in Ancient Medicine 4: Leiden).

Podlecki, A. J. (1987), Plutarch, Life of Pericles: A Companion to the Penguin Translation with Introduction and Commentary (Bristol).

Pomeroy, S. B. (1975), Goddesses, Whores, Wives, and Slaves: Women in Classical Antiquity (New York).

—— (1994), Xenophon, Oeconomicus: A Social and Historical Commentary (Oxford).

—— (ed.) (1999), Plutarch's Advice to the Bride and Groom and A Consolation to his Wife (Oxford and New York).

Porter, W. H. (1952), Plutarch: Life of Dion (Dublin).

Preston, D. (2008), Cleopatra and Antony: The True Story of the Ancient World's Greatest Love Affair (London).

(p.237) Price, A. W. (1989), Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle (Oxford); repr. with new afterword, 1997.

Rackham, H. (1934), Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, 2nd edn. (Loeb Classical Library 73: Cambridge, Mass.).

Rademaker, A. (2005), Sophrosyne and the Rhetoric of Self‐Restraint: Polysemy and Persuasive Use of an Ancient Greek Value Term (Mnemosyne, Bibliotheca Classica Batava, Supplementum 259: Leiden and Boston).

Rawson, E. (1994), ‘Caesar: Civil War and Dictatorship’, in J. A. Crook, A. Lintott, and E. Rawson (eds.), The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 9: The Last Age of the Roman Republic, 146 – 43 B.C., 2nd edn. (Cambridge), 424–67.

Reeve, C. D. C. (1988), Philosopher‐kings: The Argument of Plato's Republic (Princeton); repr. Indianapolis, 2006.

—— (2004), Plato: Republic (Indianapolis).

Reichel, M. (1995), ‘Xenophon's Cyropaedia and the Hellenistic Novel’, in H. Hofmann (ed.), Groningen Colloquia on the Novel, vol. 6 (Groningen), 1–20.

Reinhold, M. (1988), From Republic to Principate: An Historical Commentary on Cassius Dio's Roman History, Books 49–52 (36–29 B.C.) (Atlanta).

Rist, J. M. (1969), Stoic Philosophy (Cambridge).

—— (2001), ‘Plutarch's Amatorius: A Commentary on Plato's Theories of Love?’, CQ NS 51: 557–75.

Roesch, P. (1989), ‘L'aulos et les aulètes en Béotie’, in H. Beister and J. Buckler (eds.), Boiotika: Vorträge vom 5. Internationalen Böetien‐Kolloquium zu Ehren von Professor Dr. Siegfried Lauffer. Institut für Alte Geschichte, Ludwig‐Maximilians‐Universität München, 13–17 Juni 1986 (Münchener Arbeiten zur alten Geschichte 2: Munich), 203–14.

Rondholz, A. (2009), ‘Crossing the Rubicon: A Historiographical Study’, Mnemosyne 62: 432–50.

Roskam, G. (2002), ‘A Παιδεία for the Ruler: Plutarch's Dream of Collaboration between Philosopher and Ruler’, in P. A. Stadter and L. van der Stockt (eds.), Sage and Emperor: Plutarch, Greek Intellectuals, and Roman Power in the Time of Trajan (98–117 A.D.) (Leuven), 175–89.

—— (2009), Plutarch's Maxime cum principibus philosopho esse disserendum: An Interpretation with Commentary (Leuven).

Rowe, C. (2000), ‘The Lysis and the Symposium: aporia and euporia?’, in T. M. Robinson and L. Brisson (eds.), Plato: Eythydemus,Lysis,Charmides: Proceedings of the V Symposium Platonicum, Selected Papers (Sankt Augustin), 204–16.

Russell, D. A. (1963), ‘Plutarch's Life of Coriolanus’, JRS 53: 21–8.

—— (1967), ‘Rhetoric and Criticism’, G&R 14: 130–44.

—— (ed.) (1990), Antonine Literature (Oxford).

—— (1993), Plutarch: Selected Essays and Dialogues (Oxford World's Classics: Oxford).

Sandbach, F. H. (1989), The Stoics, 2nd edn. (London).

(p.238) Sanders, L. J. (1987), Dionysius I of Syracuse and Greek Tyranny (London, New York, and Sydney).

Sansone, D. (1980), ‘Plutarch, Alexander, and the Discovery of Naphtha’, GRBS 21: 63–74.

Scardigli, B. (ed.) (1995), Essays on Plutarch's Lives (Oxford).

Schiff, S. (2009), ‘Who's Buried in Cleopatra's Tomb?’, New York Times, 22 Apr. 2009: A27.

Schmidt, M. G. (1986), Caesar und Cleopatra: Philologischer und historischer Kommentar zu Lucan 10,1–171 (Studien zur klassischen Philologie 25: Frankfurt).

Scott‐Kilvert, I. (1965), Makers of Rome: Nine Lives by Plutarch (London).

—— (1973), The Age of Alexander: Nine Greek Lives by Plutarch (London).

Scuderi, R. (1984), Commento a Plutarco, ‘Vita di Antonio’ (Florence).

Seager, R. (2002), Pompey the Great: A Political Biography, 2nd edn. (Oxford).

Sellars, J. (2006), Stoicism (Berkeley).

Shipley, D. R. (1997), A Commentary on Plutarch's Life of Agesilaos: Response to Sources in the Presentation of Character (Oxford).

Shrimpton, G. (1971), ‘Plutarch's Life of Epaminondas’, Pacific Coast Philology 6: 55–9.

Slings, S. R. (2003), Platonis Rempublicam (Oxford).

Smith, M. D. (2003–4), ‘Enkrateia: Plutarch on Self‐Control and the Politics of Excess’, Ploutarchos NS 1: 79–87.

Solomon, R. C. (2005), ‘Erotic Love as a Moral Virtue’, in S. M. Gardiner (ed.), Virtue Ethics, Old and New (Ithaca), 81–100.

Stadter, P. A. (1965), Plutarch's Historical Methods: An Analysis of the Mulierum Virtutes (Cambridge, Mass.).

—— (1975), ‘Plutarch's Comparison of Pericles and Fabius Maximus’, GRBS 16: 77–85.

—— (1987), ‘The Rhetoric of Plutarch's Pericles’, AncSoc 18: 251–69.

—— (1988), ‘The Proems of Plutarch's Lives’, ICS 13: 275–95.

—— (1989), A Commentary on Plutarch's Pericles (Chapel Hill).

—— (1991a), ‘Fictional Narrative in the Cyropaideia’, AJPh 112: 461–91.

—— (1991b), ‘Pericles among the Intellectuals’, ICS 16: 111–24.

—— (1995), ‘ “Subject to the Erotic”: Male Sexual Behaviour in Plutarch’, in Innes, Hine, and Pelling (1995), 221–36.

—— (1996), ‘Anecdotes and the Thematic Structure of Plutarchean Biography’, in J. A. Fernández Delgado and F. Pordomingo Pardo (eds.), Estudios sobre Plutarco: Aspectos Formales, Actas del IV Simposio Español sobre Plutarco, Salamanca, 26 a 28 de mayo de 1994 (Madrid), 291–303.

—— (1997), ‘Plutarch's Lives: The Statesman as Moral Actor’, in C. Schrader, V. Ramón, and J. Vela (eds.), Plutarco y la Historia: Actas del V Simposio (p.239) Español sobre Plutarco, Zaragoza, 20–22 de junio de 1996 (Monografías de Filología Griega 8: Zaragoza), 65–81.

—— (1999a), ‘Philosophos kai Philandros: Plutarch's View of Women in the Moralia and Lives’, in Pomeroy (1999), 173–82.

—— (1999b), ‘Antony: Introduction’, in Waterfield (1999), 360–4.

—— (2010), ‘Parallels in Three Dimensions’, in Humble (2010), 197–216.

Stalley, R. F. (1983), An Introduction to Plato's Laws (Oxford).

Swain, S. (1988) ‘Plutarch's Philopoemen and Flamininus’, ICS 13: 335–47.

—— (1990a), ‘Cultural Interchange in Plutarch's Antony’, QUCC NS 34: 151–7.

—— (1990b), ‘Hellenic Culture and the Roman Heroes of Plutarch’, JHS 110: 126–45.

—— (1990c), ‘Plutarch's Lives of Cicero, Cato, and Brutus’, Hermes 118: 192–203.

—— (1992), ‘Novel and Pantomime in Plutarch's “Antony” ’, Hermes 120: 76–82.

—— (ed.) (2000), Dio Chrysostom: Politics, Letters, and Philosophy (Oxford).

Syme, R. (1939), The Roman Revolution (Oxford).

—— (1980), ‘Biographers of the Caesars’, MH 37: 104–28.

Tatum, J. (1989), Xenophon's Imperial Fiction: On The Education of Cyrus (Princeton).

Teixeira, E. (1988), ‘Plutarque et la tyrannie’, Annales de la Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Dakar 18: 45–56.

Trapp, M. B. (1990), ‘Plato's Phaedrus in Second‐Century Greek Literature’, in Russell (1990), 141–73.

—— (1997), Maximus of Tyre: The Philosophical Orations (Oxford).

Trego, K. M. (2009), ‘Plutarch's Story of Agesilaos: A Narratological Commentary’, dissertation, Cincinnati.

Tuplin, C. (1984), ‘Pausanias and Plutarch's Epaminondas’, CQ NS 34: 346–58.

Vander Waerdt, P. A. (1985), ‘Peripatetic Soul‐Division, Posidonius, and Middle Platonic Moral Psychology’, GRBS 26: 373–94.

Viano, C. (2003), ‘Competitive Emotions and thumos in Aristotle's Rhetoric’, in Konstan and Rutter (2003), 85–97.

Vlastos, G. (1973), ‘The Individual as an Object of Love in Plato’, in Platonic Studies (Princeton), 3–42.

von Fritz, K. (1971), ‘The Philosophical Passage in the Seventh Platonic Letter and the Problem of Plato's “Esoteric” Philosophy’, in Anton and Kustas (1971), 408–47.

Vout, C. (2007), Power and Eroticism in Imperial Rome (Cambridge).

Walbank, F. W. (1967), A Historical Commentary on Polybius, Volume II: Commentary on Books VII–XVIII (Oxford).

Walcot, P. (1998), ‘Plutarch on Sex’, G&R 45: 166–87.

(p.240) Walcot, P.  (1999), ‘Plutarch on Women’, Symbolae Osloenses 74: 163–83.

Wallace‐Hadrill, A. (1983), Suetonius: The Scholar and his Caesars (London).

Walsh, J. J. (1992), ‘Syzygy, Theme, and History: A Study in Plutarch's Philopoemen and Flamininus’, Philologus 136: 208–33.

Wardman, A. E. (1955), ‘Plutarch and Alexander’, CQ NS 5: 96–107.

Warner, R. (1972), Fall of the Roman Republic: Six Lives by Plutarch (London).

Waterfield, R. (1998), Plutarch: Greek Lives, A Selection of Nine Greek Lives (Oxford).

—— (1999), Plutarch: Roman Lives, A Selection of Eight Roman Lives (Oxford).

West, M. L. (1978), Hesiod: Works & Days (Oxford).

Westlake, H. D. (1945/46), ‘Dion: A Study in Liberation’, DUJ NS 7: 37–44; repr. in Essays on the Greek Historians and Greek History (Manchester, 1969), 251–64.

Wheatley, P. (2004), ‘Poliorcetes and Cratesipolis: A Note on Plutarch, Demetr. 9.5–7’, Antichthon 38: 1–9.

Whitmarsh, T. (2000), Review of Pomeroy (1999), BMCR 2000.02.22.

—— (2001), Greek Literature and the Roman Empire: The Politics of Imitation (Oxford).

—— (2002), ‘Alexander's Hellenism and Plutarch's Textualism’, CQ NS 52: 174–92.

Wilders, J. (1995), Shakespeare: Antony and Cleopatra (The Arden Shakespeare, Third Series: London and New York).

Wilson, P. (1999), ‘The aulos in Athens’, in S. Goldhill and R. Osborne (eds.), Performance Culture and Athenian Democracy (Cambridge), 58–95.

Wiseman, T. P. (1981), ‘Practice and Theory in Roman Historiography’, History 66: 375–93; repr. in Roman Studies: Literary and Historical (Liverpool, 1987), 244–62.

Wohl, V. (1997), ‘Scenes from a Marriage: Love and Logos in Plutarch's Coniugalia praecepta’, Helios 24: 170–92.

—— (1998), ‘Plato avant la lettre: Authenticity in Plato's Epistles’, Ramus 27: 60–93.

—— (2002), Love among the Ruins: The Erotics of Democracy in Classical Athens (Princeton).

Woodman, A. J. (1988), Rhetoric in Classical Historiography: Four Studies (London and Sydney).

Wyke, M. (2002), The Roman Mistress: Ancient and Modern Representations (Oxford).

Yardley, J., and Heckel, W. (1984), Quintus Curtius Rufus: The History of Alexander (London).

Yavetz, Z. (1971), ‘Caesar, Caesarism, and the Historians’, Journal of Contemporary History 6: 184–201.

(p.241) Zadorojnyi, A. V. (1999), ‘Sappho and Plato in Plutarch, Demetrius 38’, in Pérez Jiménez, García López, and Aguilar (1999), 515–32.

Zecchini, G. (2001), Cesare e il mos maiorum (Stuttgart).

Ziegler, K., and Gärtner, H. (1994), Plutarchus: Vitae Parallelae, II.2 (Bibliotheca Scriptorum Graecorum et Romanorum Teubneriana: Stuttgart and Leipzig).

Zwierlein, O. (1974), ‘Cäsar und Kleopatra bei Lucan und in späterer Dichtung’, A&A 20: 54–73. (p.242)