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From Single Market to Economic UnionEssays in Memory of John A. Usher$
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Niamh Nic Shuibhne and Laurence W. Gormley

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199695706

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695706.001.0001

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The Motherhood Penalty: The Contribution of Europe

The Motherhood Penalty: The Contribution of Europe

(p.201) 11 The Motherhood Penalty: The Contribution of Europe
From Single Market to Economic Union

Noreen Burrows

Muriel Robison

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyzes the ‘motherhood penalty’, which can be traced to developments in work patterns and in attitudes to working women. It studies the interpretation of the provisions about the level of payment found in the Pregnant Workers Directive, which may have contributed to the current gender pay gap. It also compares the ambition-gap between the objectives of economic union and the structures that are formed for its delivery. This chapter also notes that the level of pay female workers might expect under various scenarios during and after pregnancy is still not completely clear.

Keywords:   motherhood penalty, work patterns, working women, level of payment, Pregnant Workers Directive, gender pay gap, ambition-gap, economic union

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