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The Sorrows of BelgiumLiberation and Political Reconstruction, 1944-1947$
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Martin Conway

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199694341

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694341.001.0001

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The Struggle for Liberty and Legality, September 1944–February 1945

The Struggle for Liberty and Legality, September 1944–February 1945

(p.58) 2 The Struggle for Liberty and Legality, September 1944–February 1945
The Sorrows of Belgium

Martin Conway

Oxford University Press

The Liberation of Belgium by Allied troops in September was rapid and relatively bloodless. But it served as the prelude to a prolonged crisis of political power. The new government headed by Hubert Pierlot failed to establish its authority, and was increasingly challenged by the Communists and their Resistance allies, culminating in the March on Brussels on 25 November 1944. The Allied authorities, and the British in particular, assumed an increasingly central role in the governance of the country, as material conditions declined and the continuing threat from Nazi Germany was manifested by the Ardennes Offensive in December 1944. In the background, the problem of the conflict between the King and the political elite remained unresolved.

Keywords:   Belgium, liberation, Allied powers, Ardennes Offensive, Communist Party, Leopold III, Hubert Pierlot, strikes, demonstrations

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