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Knowledge Integration and InnovationCritical Challenges Facing International Technology-Based Firms$
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Christian Berggren, Anna Bergek, Lars Bengtsson, Michael Hobday, and Jonas Söderlund

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199693924

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693924.001.0001

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Knowledge Integration in Inter-firm R&D Collaboration: How do Firms Manage Problems of Coordination and Cooperation?

Knowledge Integration in Inter-firm R&D Collaboration: How do Firms Manage Problems of Coordination and Cooperation?

Chapter:
(p.148) Chapter 7 Knowledge Integration in Inter-firm R&D Collaboration: How do Firms Manage Problems of Coordination and Cooperation?
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Knowledge Integration and Innovation
Author(s):

Mattias Johansson

Mattias Axelson

Cecilia Enberg

Fredrik Tell

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693924.003.0007

Firms often need to collaboratively use and integrate two or more organizations' knowledge bases in order to achieve their goals. This is a challenging task due to two sets of commonly identified problems: ‘problems of coordination’ that derive from knowledge contingencies, and ‘problems of cooperation’ that derive from relationship factors. While literature often treats these problems independently, this chapter focuses on how they can be modelled jointly within a framework grounded in knowledge-based and transaction cost approaches to the firm. The findings from a case study of three inter-firm R&D collaborations suggest that treating both problems as interdependent, rather than isolated, can provide a better account for the challenges and structure of inter-firm R&D collaborations. The results imply that neither firms nor research should focus too much on either of the problems at the expense of the other.

Keywords:   inter-firm partnerships, R&D collaboration, knowledge integration, transaction costs economics, knowledge-based theory, knowledge contingencies, relationship factors

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