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Strategies of Quantification$
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Kook-Hee Gil, Stephen Harlow, and George Tsoulas

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199692439

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692439.001.0001

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At Least, Wenigstens, and Company

At Least, Wenigstens, and Company

Negated Universal Quantification and the Typology of Focus Quantifiers

Chapter:
(p.101) 6 At Least, Wenigstens, and Company
Source:
Strategies of Quantification
Author(s):

Volker Gast

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692439.003.0006

This chapter pursues two main goals: first, it intends to establish a framework of classification for the language‐particular and cross‐linguistic analysis of elements like Engl. only, also, even, etc., i.e. a typology of elements expressing ‘quantification over domains of alternatives’, here called ‘focus quantifiers’. Second, it aims at extending the range of parameters of variation used for the classification of the elements under investigation in most comparative work so far (e.g. König 1991), in particular with respect to the type of quantification expressed. The focus is on English and German, but the typology is intended to have broad cross‐linguistic applicability. Given the restricted range of data considered, the programmatic nature of the study should be obvious, however. I propose a framework for the semantic classification of focus quantifiers based on three parameters: (i) the type of quantification expressed, (ii) the discourse pragmatics status of the material contained in the scope of a given operator, and (iii) the presence or absence of an ordering relation structuring the sets of alternatives. The theory is applied to Mandarin, English, and German.

Keywords:   focus, focus quantifier, focus particle, prejacent, scalar focus quantifiers

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