The book’s conclusion presents the research investigation’s lessons for food fortification policy and practice. Mandatory food fortification is a recommended intervention for those public health problems that arise when the food supply is unable to provide sufficient nutrients because of an inherent nutrient deficiency in the food supply. However, it is a limited technology for tackling public health problems that are caused by social, economic, medical and lifestyle circumstances. The evaluative frameworks that are used to inform policy responses to public health problems typically are operating to a reductionist view of food and health relationships. This view tends to privilege food fortification interventions as policy solutions to public health problems regardless of the problem’s underlying cause. Policy-makers need to better conceptualise the nature of public health problems. Their evaluative frameworks need to appraise all relevant evidence for public health interventions and not just that which conforms to a rigid orthodoxy.
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