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Articulating Medieval Logic$
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Terence Parsons

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199688845

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688845.001.0001

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Some Illustrative Topics

Some Illustrative Topics

Chapter:
(p.160) 6 Some Illustrative Topics
Source:
Articulating Medieval Logic
Author(s):

Terence Parsons

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688845.003.0006

De Morgan famously claimed that certain logical inferences involving relational expressions are non-syllogistic. It is possible to validate the inferences he had in mind using the rules of Linguish. (Some of these involve parasitic terms.) John Buridan espoused certain distinctive views on the natures of subjects and predicates, ideas that do not occur in modern logic. His views are expounded; many of them can be captured within Linguish. Others seem to be problematic. Some logicians after Buridan developed algorithms for determining from surface grammar which strings of expressions form complex terms, and which are sequences of independent terms. This is vital for logical analysis. Following Karger, these algorithms are formulated and examined.

Keywords:   De Morgan, Buridan, relational expressions, complex term

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