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Kant and Rational Psychology$
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Corey W. Dyck

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199688296

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688296.001.0001

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The Aeneas Argument

The Aeneas Argument

The Personality of the Soul

(p.141) 5 The Aeneas Argument
Kant and Rational Psychology

Corey W. Dyck

Oxford University Press

In this chapter, the topic of the Third Paralogism, the soul’s personality, is considered. Wolff’s views on personhood are shown to depart from Locke’s in that Wolff accords the human soul the status of personhood insofar as it has a capacity for a consciousness of its identity. Turning to subsequent discussions, especially by G. F. Meier and Moses Mendelssohn, it becomes evident that the issue of personality (and the related topic of immortality) took on increasing importance in spite of challenges to Wolff’s original presentation. Kant himself endorses the Wolffian account of the soul’s personality in the texts of the 1770s, and it is argued that Kant uses the Third Paralogism to dispute the way in which the Wolffian rational psychologist had presumed the soul is conscious of its numerical identity while admitting that there is an important sense in which the soul counts as a person.

Keywords:   Wolff, Meier, Mendelssohn, Kant, personality, personal identity, immortality, third paralogism

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