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Which Policy for Europe?Power and Conflict inside the European Commission$
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Miriam Hartlapp, Julia Metz, and Christian Rauh

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199688036

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688036.001.0001

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Shaping Policies for Europe

Shaping Policies for Europe

Internal Position Formation between Problem-solving, Competence Expansion, and Political Ideology

Chapter:
(p.282) 12 Shaping Policies for Europe
Source:
Which Policy for Europe?
Author(s):

Miriam Hartlapp

Julia Metz

Christian Rauh

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688036.003.0012

In the central conceptual contribution of the book, an innovative threefold typology of highly stylized and contrasting process models captures essential features of position formation inside the EU Commission. Friction in the Commission’s policy output is explained by either technocratic problem-solving, utility maximizing competence-seeking, or ideologically motivated policy-seeking. Within these types different factors and diverging mechanisms are relevant explanations of position formation. As context factors, issue uncertainty favors functional problem-solving while issue salience tilts Commission agency towards the more political modes of competence- or policy-seeking. Empirically, our cases most often corresponded to the ideal type of functional problem-solving with respect to DGs’ position formation while the competence-seeking type most often characterized our cases with respect to internal assertiveness. Finally, ideological policy-seeking is rare but united some of our most extreme cases in terms of the policy proposed for Europe.

Keywords:   conceptual model, ideal types, technocratic, competence-seeking, policy-seeking, Commission agency, issue uncertainty, salience

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